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RMS Titanic

RMS Titanic was a British registered four funnelled ocean liner built in 1912 for the transatlantic passenger and mail service between Southampton and New York.

Constructed at the Harland and Wolff shipyard in Belfast, Ireland Titanic was, on her maiden voyage, the largest vessel afloat.

On 10 April 1912 the RMS Titanic sailed from Southampton, England with 2,200 passengers and crew, four days later the Titanic collided with an iceberg and sank: 1500 people died and 700 survived. This website tells their story and that of the great ship with which their lives would be inextricably linked.


Passenger List | Crew List | Survivors | Victims

RMS Titanic carried 2207 people. People all ages, people of great wealth and of bitter poverty. Unsuspecting witnesses to an event they could never have envisaged

If you could walk the decks of RMS Titanic you would hear a dozen or more languages being spoken with every imaginable dialect. Not surprisingly RMS Titanic is often described as a microcosm of society.

The route to understanding the RMS Titanic story is to learn about and understand the people that built her, the people that sailed on her, those that died and those that survived when she met her end.

Encyclopedia Titanica contains a biography for every single person that travelled on RMS Titanic on her maiden voyage as well as information about the places people came from and the ships her crew served on.

Constantly revised and updated by a dedicated crew of our own, Encyclopedia Titanica is the ultimate RMS Titanic resource.

Use the search engine to find people by name, perhaps even someone related to you or browse the comprehensive RMS Titanic Passenger List and Crew List.

You can also support the work of Encyclopedia Titancia in keeping alive the memory of the people by helping us tell the story of people from your own area.

History

According to legend RMS Titanic was conceived at a dinner between Lord Pirrie of the Harland & Wolff shipyard and Joseph Bruce Ismay, Chairman of the White Star Line, at Downshire House, Lord Pirrie's London home.

With the introduction of the Lusitania and Mauretania Curnard had stolen a march on the White Star Line; with Olympic, Titanic and Britannic Bruce Ismay and Lord Pirrie saw an golden opportunity to regain the initiative and with it a hefty slice of the transatlantic passenger trade.

The new vessels would forsake speed for the increased safety and comfort that would come with a significant increase in scale. Fittings and appointments would also be improved over the competions. Lavish staterooms, a swimmings pool, squash raquet court, gymnasium, stylish cafe and plush a la carte restaurant would attract the wealthy, while significantly improved accommodation in other classes was also provded. Millionaires might grab the headlines but it would be steerage (Third Class) and the growing middle class (Second Class) that would drive economic success.

Having been laid down in 1909 it would take three years of construction and fitting out before RMS Titanic was ready for sea, commanded by veteran Captain Edward John Smith. After brief sea trials she departed Southampton on 10 April 1912.

After brief stops and Cherbourg and Queenstown she turned her head to the Atlantic ocean never to return.


RMS Titanic was designed and constructed at the Harland & Wolff shipyard in Belfast, Northern Ireland under the supervision of marine architect Alexander Carlisle and chief designer Thomas Andrews

She was 882 feet 9 inches in length and 92 feet in breadth. Her gross tonnage was 46,328 tons. Three propellers were driven by two four-cylinder, triple-expansion, inverted reciprocating steam engines and one low-pressure Parsons turbine. Steam was provided by 25 double-ended and 4 single-ended Scotch-type boilers fired by 159 coal burning furnaces that gave her a theoretical top speed of 23 knots.

Although she was the largest ship in the world, she was only fractionally greater in size than her sister ship RMS Olympic. RMS Olympic and RMS Titanic were constructed side-by-side and less than one year would elapse between their respective maiden voyages. They were practically identical in both appearance and fittings. A third sister Britannic would follow, but would enter World War One as a vast hospital ship; she would never see service as a passenger liner.

The fascination with RMS Titanic is not confined to the lives of her passengers and crew but in the fine technical details about which more is learnt all the time. On Encyclopedia Titanica you can view RMS Titanic Deckplans for a deck-by-deck view of the ship and read technical articles and follow technical discussions which explore this aspect of the RMS Titanic story in incredible detail.

Culture

RMS Titanic forms part of our cultural landscape. Since 1912 she has been depicted in countless films and books.

Through art, drama and music her tragedy is replayed and reinterpreted and collections of her relics can be seen in museums and exhibitions across the glode.

RMS Titanic has even entered the language: the phrase re-arranging deckchairs on the Titanic exemplifies a futile exercise and the essence of her tragedy has formed the metaphorical basis of many an academic thesis.

Encyclopedia Titanica enables you to learn about how the RMS Titanic has been reflected in contemporary culture; Titanic on film and record, in photographic image and in art.

You can also learn about the true stories that inspired the movie makers including The Real Jack Dawson, the story of a real life Titanic victim who's namesake was the hero of James Cameron's 1997 epic Titanic.

You can also watch the rarest of all motion pictures: RMS Titanic archive film.

Other Destinations
Sheet Music | Recorded Music | Animation


Titanic has spawned a thriving community. On our Facebook Group and discussion board you'll meet historians, enthusiasts and the descendants of Titanic passengers and crew.

The members will be happy to answer your queries about RMS Titanic and help you with researching her history and the stories of the people who sailed on her.

Titanic Facts

Titanic Passengers

324 1st class passengers, 201 survivors.
277 2nd class passengers, 118 survivors.
708 3rd class passengers, 181 survivors.

Titanic Crew

885 crew members, 212 survivors.
13 postmen/musicians, no survivors.

How many people died on the Titanic?

Grand total of 2,208 on board for the maiden voyage only 712 survived, there were 1496 victims.
More Titanic statistics

How big was the Titanic?

Length: 882 feet 9 inches.
Beam: 92 feet
Gross tonnage: 46,328 tons
Propulsion: Three propellers
See the Titanic Deckplans
Engines: Two triple-expansion reciprocating steam engines
One low-pressure Parsons turbine
25 double-ended and 4 single-ended Scotch-type boilers
159 coal burning furnaces
Top speed : 23 knots.
More about Titanic's engines

Titanic : On this Day...

The following person was born

VAN DEN STEEN, Mr Leo Peter — 6th July 1883

The following 2 people died

PRICHARD, Mrs Alice Maud — 6th July 1948
BECKER, Miss Ruth Elizabeth — 6th July 1990