Mr. Hugh Walter McElroy was born 28th October 1874 at 3 Percy Street, Liverpool; to Richard and Jessie (née Fox) McElroy, he also had a brother Richard and two sisters Charlotte and Mary. The family moved to 6 Eversley Street, Toxteth, Liverpool, when Hugh was 7. The family originally hailed from County Wexford in Ireland, the family were staunch Roman Catholic’s. Hugh's mother and two sister’s later went to live in Coventry. His sisters were educated at St. Joseph’s Convent, Gosford Green, Coventry, at the time of Hugh McElroy’s death in 1912 he was only 37.
It is not surprising, given his upbringing, that in 1890 when Hugh was just turned 16 he joined a Roman Catholic Religious Order called “Canons Regular of the Lateran”, as a student for the priesthood. At that time the Order’s seminary was based at St Mary’s Priory, Bodmin, Cornwall, St Mary’s RC Church is still there today, it is a lovely church complete with shrine to the left of the main door, but alas the Abbey has now been sold, the 1891 Census shows Hugh there with six other students. One of the six was a 17 year old called Phillip Corr. In 1892, after only two years, Hugh decided that the priesthood was not for him and he left the Priory in 1892. He returned to his home in Liverpool where he followed his father by joining the Merchant Navy.
Hugh had sent two postcards from the Royal Southampton Yacht Club, both were to his priest friends. One sent to Phillip Corr dated 6th April 1912 read as follows:
“Many thanks for your letter and good wishes which I reciprocate, the “Titanic” is in many ways an improved Olympic and will I trust be a success, I am sorry I could not get down to Swanage this time but I was tied to Southampton and the train service too erratic to take chances, all kind of messages to you both”.
On the card, which still exists, a different hand had noted “coal strike time” against the reference to the train service and so the “Titanic” sailed. The other card was to his friend Cuthbert McAdam still in Bodmin Priory; this was also dated 6th April 1912 with a message in a similar vein.
In 1910, Hugh married Miss Barbara Mary Ennis at St. Peters Church in Ballymitty, County Wexford in Ireland, and it was recorded at the Parish Church in Carrig-on-Bannow in 1910 (All the Parish marriages were registered there up to 1940). Hugh was then aged 35 and Barbara was aged 32, she was one of three children [Barbara, Louise and Aidan] of Mr. John J. Ennis J.P, formerly a Chief Purser and he went on to be the Passenger Manager of the Allan Line. Hugh McElroy’s brother Father Richard McElroy who had just been ordained as a priest and was living at St Mary’s Priory, Bodmin in Cornwall, performed the marriage. Hugh and Barbara lived for a short while with Barbara’s father, 75 year old widower, Mr. John J. Ennis on his Family Estate “Springwood” in Tullycanna, Ballymitty in Co. Wexford, which is situated about one mile along the Wexford Road from Ballymitty Church, John Ennis was a sick man and was cared for by a resident nurse, his home (which would be considered a large house) consisted of 10 rooms and was run by domestic servants, his farming property also employed farmhands and a stableman, Hugh and Barbara stayed there just short of 12 months and then moved to the Polygon House which is in The Polygon, Southampton. At the time of the disaster they had just been married for less than two years, and had no Children.
Purser Hugh McElroy had been in White Star’s service for some thirteen years and had served for three years on board the troopship “Britannic” during the Boar War. Hugh is mentioned in the “Boar War Transport Medal Roll” book, during the Boar War, while serving first on the “Cymric” and later the “Britannic”, he came to be awarded the “Transport Medal” with the South Africa clasp. He served on the “Majestic” and “Adriatic” under the command of Captain E. J. Smith; he was then transferred along with Chief Steward Latimer and Dr O’loughlin to the “Olympic” after which they were transferred to the “Titanic”. He signed on the “Titanic” on the 9th April 1912 as Chief Purser on a salary of £20 per month.
On the 11th April 1912, before “Titanic” sailed Hugh and his wife Barbara attended a special “Flying Matinee” in Southampton at the Hippodrome Theatre to see the world famous Danish dancer Mdlle Adeline Genee after watching her performance they sent flowers backstage, which were in the Danish national colours.
Hugh had taken to canary minding, the canary sailed on the “Titanic” and survived, it was owned by a Mr. Meanwell who lived in France and wanted to get his precious canary to Cherbourg from England. He asked the Chief Purser to carry it over for him from Southampton to Cherbourg, according to testimonies, Purser McElroy was glad to have the bird in his office and the canary disembarked when the “Titanic” arrived in Cherbourg, after securing the Office; he crossed the first class forward entrance and went towards his own unmarked cabin next door to C53.
Apart from Bruce Ismay and Captain Smith, the only other Officer who regularly dined with the passengers was the Chief Purser, approaching what Hugh McElroy always classed as his retirement years from sea duties; he seems to have been almost as popular as the Captain. His strong sense of humour was so popular with the passengers that they often timed their journeys with him in mind, the passengers who were assigned a seat at Purser McElroy's table, were passengers who usually dined alone, the Purser would usually invite two passengers to join him and who ever his regular diners were that evening, some of the passengers that were invited were Mr Arthur Gee, Mr William Harrison, Mr Frederic Seward, Mr Lawrence Beesley, Mr William Stead and Mrs Geneveive Cassebeer, Hugh was well known to be genial at the table, but many a times he had held his own with a difficult passenger without giving cause for offence.
Centrally located off the forward Grand Staircase on the starboard side of the vessel, the Purser’s Office consisted of a suite of offices dedicated to conducting the Ship’s business affairs, especially those that affected passengers, they were arranged on two decks, “C” deck would consist of the purser’s own office, a large enquiry office, also Hugh’s own cabin which was next to C53, on “C” Deck starboard of the first class forward entrance.
The Second Class or Assistant Purser’s Office, which was located on “E” deck opposite the Aft Staircase, which was organised by the 40 year old Assistant Purser Reginald L. Baker, this was next to his own cabin, and the Purser’s clerks office which was about 20 feet to the starboard side of the Aft main staircase, this office was run by the 28 year old Pursers Clerk Ernest W. King, along with 28 year old Mr John Reginald Rice, 26 year old Mr A. Ashcroft and 28 year old Mr Donald S. Campbell.
During their journey, passengers visited the Enquiry Office to purchase tickets for the Ship’s Turkish Baths, deck chairs, swimming pool, and electric baths. And those wishing to send a radio telegram to locations on shore or greetings from the “Titanic” to friends and family on passing ships would do so from this office. After payment, the written message was conveyed to the Marconi Room on the Boat Deck by way of a pneumatic tube system.
On the fateful night of the 14th - 15th April 1912, Hugh had spent a evening (as was his normal duty) in the 1st class restaurant, dining with his passenger friends, of which he had many, at around 10pm on leaving the restaurant, he would go to pick up the day’s receipt from the various bars and the Marconi room and taken them to his Office before retiring to his cabin.
Hugh was forward where collapsible “C” had been fitted to the lifeboat davits. Two men jumped into the boat and Purser McElroy is said to of fired his gun twice into the air as First Officer Murdoch ordered them out, this account was verified by first class passenger Jack Thayer who stated at the senate inquiry that “There was some disturbance in loading the last two forward starboard boats. A large crowd of men was pressing to get into them. No women were around as far as I could see. It was every man for him self.
Purser McElroy, was standing up in the next to last boat, loading it, two men, I think they were dinning-room stewards, dropped into the boat from the deck above. As they jumped, he fired twice in the air. I do not believe they were hit, but they were quickly thrown out. Purser McElroy, did not take a boat and was not saved” The conclusions were, that putting the sensationalist third hand newspaper accounts aside, there is reasonable documentation to suggest that there were several gunshots incidents.
This of course is possible, that more gunfire incidents occurred than those described here, as James Cameron surmised during a conversation with “Titanic” author Mr Charles Pellegrino, “Only one-third of the Titanic’s people lived to tell what they saw; so as a rough estimate we must be missing two-thirds of the shooting incidents that actually occurred that night.
Purser McElroy was also seen at boat 9 where he was assisting in the loading. The Chief Officer, First Officer Murdoch was supervising and Mr Bruce Ismay was with them also, Mr Ismay was talking to Purser McElroy. I do not think there were any other officers there. Mr. Widgery Titanic’s swimming Instructor said "I was told by purser McElroy “If I understood anything about lifeboats” I said “I understood a little” and just then some biscuits came up from the storekeeper. I helped him put one of the boxes into the bottom of the boat, I was then told by Purser McElroy to get into the boat. William Ward, Saloon Steward said “Purser McElroy sent me along. They had taken the canvas off of No. 9 and lowered it, we lowered her down to level with the boat deck, and a sailor came along with a bag and threw it in the boat. This man said he had been sent down to take charge of the boat by the captain. The boatswain’s mate, Haynes, was there, and he ordered this man out of the boat, and the man got out again. He stayed there for three or four minutes, and the purser took hold of my arm and said, "Get in the boat and help the boatswain’s mate pass the ladies in." So I got in the boat, and stepped on the side, and the purser said Are you all ready? Haynes answered “Yes” and we started to pass the ladies and children into the boat. We thought we had them all in, and the purser called out, “Are there any more women?”
With the water at C Deck, and rapidly rising, Purser McElroy stood with Dr. O’loughlin also his assistant Dr. Simpson and Assistant Purser Reg Baker. For a brief time they were joined by Second Officer Lightoller, he was sweating from his work at the boats and Dr. Simpson joked "Hello Lights are you warm", after spending most of the night on the starboard side of the ship, loading passengers into the lifeboats, the small group shook hands and said goodbye.
As Titanic was sinking, Stewardess Annie Robinson was wandering about at the same time. She reported seeing Captain Smith and Purser McElroy going toward the mail room.
Samuel Rule bathroom steward was asked at the British Inquiry, “When you got up to the boat deck did you get any other order” – “No”, as I passed up the staircase, I got to A deck and I saw Mr McElroy the Chief Purser, and Mr. Dodd, the Second Steward They were in deep conversation. I thought to receive some orders from them, but there were no orders given, and I passed on to the next deck, the boat deck”.
Finally Purser McElroy was last seen standing on the Boat-Deck near the gymnasium, beside mail clerk Mr William Logan Gwinn, both men died in the sinking of the “Titanic”.
A few days later a body was pulled from the sea by the crew of the “MacKay-Bennett” among the effects were keys tagged “Linen locker No 1 - C Deck” and the address “Miss McElroy, Layton, Spottisbury, Dorset” (Miss Mary McElroy who was Hugh’s sister). Body No 157 was tentatively identified by Research Group 1991. Description: male; estimated age 32; dark hair; Clothing: ship’s uniform; white jacket; ship’s keys; 10 pence; 50 cents; they also found his beloved fountain pen. The body was not immediately identified as Hugh McElroy, (but was recorded as Herbert W. McElroy?) but as he was dressed in ships uniform and wearing a white officer’s dinner jacket, when he was found, they investigated further and they found out whom he was.
NO. 157. — MALE. — ESTIMATED AGE, 32. — HAIR, DARK.
CLOTHING - Ship's uniform; white jacket; ship's keys; 10 pence; 50 cents; fountain pen.
CHIEF PURSER. — NAME — HERBERT W. McELROY.
But because of the body having decomposed beyond preservation it was decided by Captain F. H. Larder of the “MacKay-Bennett” that he should be buried at sea, so at 8 p.m. on the 22nd April 1912. Hugh was committed to the sea as one of 15 who were buried that day. The service was conducted by Canon Kenneth C. Hind who was from All Saints Cathedral in Halifax, Nova Scotia and was aboard to perform such duties. Upon reaching the wreck site, “MacKay-Bennett” found it was quite apparent that there were so many bodies in the ocean, more than anyone had anticipated. It did not take long before her crew ran out of embalming supplies, she received new supplies from "Sardinian" of the Allan Line, “MacKay-Bennett” had to bury many of the victims at sea as regulations only allowed embalmed bodies to be brought ashore, not surprisingly, given the class attitudes of the period, that the bodies of third class and crew members that were chosen to be buried at sea, along with the badly damaged bodies.
According to Dr. Beaumont of the Olympic who said, "Purser McElroy had been woken on several occasions on the Olympic due to suffocating nightmares, which gave way to him having some premonitions about sailing on the Titanic, he would have nightmares of being in a dark tunnel with no means of escape".
Hearing of the disaster, his brother Richard, travelled up from to Southampton, he was accompanied by a fellow-priest Father Aloysius Smith who was also at St Mary’s Priory, Bodmin in Cornwall, whose brother Reginald George Smith was coincidentally a saloon steward on the “Titanic” and he had also perished.
Father Phillip Corr finished his studies and eventually served as a Roman Catholic Parish Priest in Swanage, Dorset for 25 years. At the time of the “Titanic” disaster, Corr was returning home from Canada after visiting relatives there, the ship on which he was returning was the “SS Carpathia”.
The Ennis family no longer live at “Springwood” anymore the estate was sold to Mr & Mrs John Nolan, Aidan Ennis who is now a Jesuit Priest in Dublin and is the only remaining member of the Ennis family, as Louise Ennis died on November 1987 and therefore “Springwood” was sold after her death,
“Polygon House” which in 1938 was renamed “The Polygon Hotel” and was situated at the corner of Devonshire Road and The Polygon, (a new block of flats was put up). They placed two stones in the wall surrounding the Flats, one from the original Polygon House, when was the first laid from the Polygon on 9th August 1768, the second stone is from the Polygon Hotel and this was first laid on 22nd September 1937.
References and Sources
Crew Particulars of Engagement
English Census 1881 (Liverpool).
Irish Census 1911.
US Senate Inquiry.
British Inquiry (Wreck Commissioners” Court).
Public Record Office, “Titanic: The True Story” Kew, 1999 (CD-ROM).
Probate Records (London 31st July 1912).
Mansion House Titanic Relief Fund Booklets and Minute Books March 1913.
The Minute Book of the Southampton Committee of the Titanic Relief Fund, November 1914.
Documents Agg & Acc,Agreement and Account of Crew(PRO London BT100/259).
The Cork Examiner (County Cork, Ireland) 12th April 1912 (Extracts taken)
The Western Morning News, 19th April 1912 (Article)
The Atlantic Daily Bulletin, 24th April 1999 [Brian Ticehurst] (Article)
The West Briton and Cornwall Advertiser, 25th April 1912 (Article)
The Coventry Standard, 27th April 1912 (Article)
Cornish Guardian, 30th April 1998 (Extracts taken)
White Star Line (1912.) Record of Bodies and Effects (Passengers and Crew
S.S. "Titanic") Recovered by Cable Steamer "MacKay Bennett" Including Bodies Buried at Sea and Bodies Delivered at Morgue in Halifax, N.S. Details compiled from records of the "Mackay-Bennett". Public Archives
of Nova Scotia, Halifax, N.S., Manuscript Group 100, Vol. 229, No. 3d, Accession 1976-191, c. Friday May 3, dark purple card covers, initial page entitled, Key to accompanying List showing how bodies have been disposed of:, probably printed in Halifax, N.S., 76 pp., unpaged, Body No. 1 to 306 inclusive: annotated in red ink below each body's data with burial permit and cemetery data, (#157)
Sheila Jemima of the Southampton Oral History Archives
Grace Cory, Bodmin Town Council and Mrs Janet Wright, Bodmin library .
Walter Lord (1976) A Night to Remember. London, Penguin.ISBN 0 14 0047573
Senan Molony (1999) The Irish Aboard Titanic. Wolfhound Press, Dublin ISBN 0 86327 805 1
Teri Milch, USA
Alfred Grech, Malta
Beverly Grollier, South Africa
Inger Sheil, Australia
John Hemmert, USA
Jackie McElroy, USA
Mr G. Meanwell, France
Rev Gerald O’Leary CC (St Peters Church, Ballymitty)
Brian Ticehurst (Southampton, Researcher)
George Behe, USA
Steve Coombes, UK
Senan Molony, Ireland
Fiona Nitschke, Australia
Alan Tucker, UK
Articles and Stories
The Gazette (Montreal) (1909)
Western Morning News (1912)
Titanic Review (2012)
The Sun (New York) (1912)
Titanic Research (2009)
Chicago Examiner (1912)
New York Times (1903)
Atlantic Daily Bulletin (1999)
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