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Calling at Cherbourg
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[QUOTE="Philippe Delaunoy, post: 181886"] Dear Teri, Randy, George, All, From "Titanic:Triumph and Tragedy" (Eaton & Haas): "Cherbourg" : ... By 10 April 1912, the two tenders had met and served Olympic on each of her twelve subsequent Cherbourg visits. Now they were to serve another liner on the first day, and at the first stop, of her own maiden trip. At 9.40 am that morning, as the boat train was leaving London's Waterloo Station for Titanic's Southampton departure, the Train Transatlantique was departing the Gare St Lazare in Paris for its own rendezvous with Titanic at Cherbourg's Gare Maritime. Titanic's first Cherbourg visit was such an event that Nicholas Martin, manager of White Star's Paris office, made the trip with the passengers embarking at the French port. The fares from Paris were first class, 34s 3d (or $8.56); second class, 23s 7d ($5.90); third class 15s 11d ($4.10). According to White Star company records, there would be 142 first class, 30 second class and 102 third class passengers. When, after a trip of a little more than six hours, the train arrived at Cherbourg, the passengers received the disappointing announcement that embarkation aboard the tenders, scheduled for 4.30 pm, would be delayed at least one hour. Titanic had been involved in a near-mishap when leaving Southampton, and while she was not at all damaged, her departure had been delayed. There was grumbling. But c'est la vie, what could one do? A stroll to the centre of town? A walk to the nearby casino? A brief promenade along the Grande Jetee? There were few other attractions. And the tiny Gare Maritime was so uncomfortable.... There was confusion rather than grumbling among the 102 "Continental" passengers arriving at Cherbourg. They were Syrian, Croation, Armenian and other Middle East nationals who, for reasons best known to their travel agents, had been routed from Eastern Mediterranean ports via Marseilles to Paris and, now, to Cherbourg. Their travel arrangements called for departure via "the first available ship", and they were surprised and pleased to find themselves about to board Titanic. But until the tardy liner arrived, there were pieces of luggage to protect, children to keep track of, and official announcements in a strange tongue to decipher. The "season" was now approaching its end, and in addition to the customary business travellers, there were many socially prominent passengers on the Cherbourg manifest. Among them were Mrs J.W.M. Cardeza and her son Mr Thomas D.M. Cardeza (ticket number 17755, £512 6s); Mr Cardeza's valet, Gustav Lesneur and Mrs Cardeza's maid, Anna Ward were travelling on the same ticket. Mrs Charlotte Drake Cardeza was also accompanied by fourteen trunks, four suitcases and three crates of baggage, on which she would later place a value of £36,567 2s ($177,352.75). The Cardeza entourage was booked for suite B51, the three room complex with its own promenade, on B deck's starboard side. Among other first class passengers boarding at Cherbourg were Mr George Rheims (ticket 17604 £39 12s); Mr and Mrs Arthur Ryerson and their three children (ticket 17608, £262 7s 6d); Madame Leontine Aubert and her maid, Mlle Emma Segesser (ticket 17477, £69 6s - Madame Aubert had declared while purchasing her ticket that she would take all her meals in the A La Carte restaurant, and thus received a £5 rebate on her fare); Omaha department store magnate Emil Brandeis (ticket 17951, £50 9s 11d); Mr Benjamin Guggenheim and his valet, Victor Giglio (ticket 17593, £56 18s 7d); (Mr Rene Pernot, ticket 2131, £15 1s, Guggenheim's chauffeur, travelled second class); "Mr Morgan" (ticket 11755, £39 12s) and "Mrs Morgan" and maid (ticket 17485, £56 18s 7d) were actually Sir Cosmo and Lady Duff-Gordon, the latter best known as dress designer "Lucile"; Mrs James J. (Margaret) Brown, known to her friends as "Molly" (ticket 17610, £27 14s 5d); "Miss Rosenbaum" (ticket 17613, £27 14s 5d) was better known as Edith Russell. Among the 30 second class Cherbourg passengers was "Baron Alfred von Drachstedt", a passenger who would be dissatisfied with his second class accommodation, and who would go to the purser to arrange for a first class cabin. (He was thus assigned D38.) At a later date, he would admit to a United States court hearing a Titanic-related case that his name was actually Alfred Nourney. Other Cherbourg second class passengers may not have had as interesting a background as the "baron", but they were just as real: Mr and Mrs Albert Mallet and their son, Andre; Mr and Mrs Joseph Laroche and their daughters Louise and Simonne; Mr and Mrs Nicholas Nasser, on their way to Cleveland, Ohio. Another second class passenger of more than passing interest was Samuel Ward Stanton, the well known American marine editor and illustrator. (Stanton was returning from Grenada, Spain, where he had been sketching the Alhambra for murals and other decorations he was to do for the new Hudson River Day Line steamboat Washington Irving.) By 5.30 the passengers had reassembled. Those not already aboard were conducted on to the tenders. The 172 first and second class passengers filled less than a fifth of the space on Nomadic, while Traffic was scarcely a quarter filled. There was, at least, room in which to await Titanic's appearance beyond the breakwater. After the late start. Titanic's officers had not tried to make up lost time. The trip across the English Channel took more than four hours at a speed a little over 15 knots. Her approach to Cherbourg took Titanic past the gentle headlands sheltering the port's western approach. Speed was slackened as the distant breakwater came into view. Crewmen from the second dog watch were deployed to their mooring stations. Ahead was the city of Cherbourg, spread along the low shore, and the purple height of Mount Roule, topped by its box-like fortress. The lowering sun had not yet set; its rays were reflected across the gentle swells inside the breakwater. From the terminal, waiting passengers could watch as Titanic entered the opening in the sea wall and moved slowly past the island fort. The traditional British practice of sounding one bell to mark 6.30 during the second dog watch was observed as Titanic dropped her anchor in the roadstead, starboard side facing shore. Fifteen first class and nine second class passengers who were travelling only as far as Cherbourg prepared to disembark. Cargo was unloaded: two cycles belonging to Major G.I. Noel and his son, who were debarking; eight cases and a crated motorcycle consigned to Mr G. West; a canary, consigned to a Mr Meanwell, who had paid five shillings for its transport; yet another motorcycle, uncrated, this one consigned to a Mr Rogers. Dusk descended as Titanic rode at anchor with all her lights aglow. As one observer said later, "Perhaps then, more than at any other time, she was the lovely ship that people thought her to be. Her outline was etched clearly in light, with each porthole gleaming like a star, and the masthead lamps winking in the wavering breeze". Within ninety minutes, 24 passengers were taken ashore, 274 were taken aboard; Mr Meanwells canary was on its way to its new Gallic home and all mails were transferred. At 8pm, the tenders returning to shore, the Titanic's windlass gear whirred and the clank of metal links sounded on the focsle as the great anchor was drawn up. Strident bells from the bridge ordered steam and the use of wing propellers for making a tight reverse turn. By 8.10 pm the liner was under way, out of the Grande Rade, through the west passage and into the Channel. The engines' beat grew faster and deeper as the lights of Cherbourg dropped astern. The winking signal of the sentinel lighthouse disappeared beneath the horizon. Across the Channel's southern reaches, around England's south coast, and into the lower reaches of St George's Channel, Titanic glided through the night on her passage from Cherbourg to Queenstown... Many thanks to Sam who informed me about "these pieces of light reading!" George, I'll make some research concerning Mr Destrais' source of information. If you need I can give you his personal details. Warm regards. Phil [/QUOTE]
I which year did the Titanic sail?