Tarn Stephanos has asked a perfectly valid question about the relationship between England, Scotland and Wales in 1912 - a question which has some significance in relation to the Titanic when we remember that officers Murdoch and Lowe were Scottish and Welshmen respectively! However, Ireland seems to have gained some prominence in this thread thanks, in part, to Steve Shortman - who has introduced some errors of fact. One of these is relatively minor, insofar as Parliament did not send its army to Ireland until August 1649, and we should really be talking of Cromwell's campaign in the 1650s (as opposed to 1640s). On a more contentious level, I am surprised that Steve has referred to the ENGLISH militia putting down the 1798 rebellion in Ireland. Although some Welsh and English "fencible" and militia were undoubtedly present, I would have thought that most of the part-time forces involved in the defeat of the "98" were indigenous Irish units?