News from 1907 Lusitania's Maiden Voyage

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Mark Baber

Jul 4, 2000
The New York Times, 7 September 1907

Will Race the Lucania Across in an Effort for a New Record
Colossal Ferries Groomed for the Event---Lusitania Will Burn 1,000 Tons
of Coal Daily
Special Cable to THE NEW YORK TIMES
LONDON, Sept. 6---I am able to state that among the passengers sailing
to-morrow on the Lusitana [sic] are Mrs. Potter Palmer, Robert R.
Potter, George Peabody, Mr. and Mrs. Robert Goelet, Richard Croker, Jr.,
Mrs. Croker, Miss Croker, W. P. Thompson, and Robert Balfour.

Extraordinary efforts have been made by the Cunard Company to shroud in
complete secrecy the names of passengers on the maiden voyage of the new
liner, and the kind of staterooms they occupy. The company states that
this is necessary to shield passengers from inconvenience.

The company has issued an official statement to the effect that it
feared such a swarm of curious inquirers and others on the pier at New
York when the great vessel arrives as to make it imperative to conceal
the identity of those who have the privilege of going on the Lusitana
[sic] on her first trip.

Neither of the two regal suites, the price of which for a single voyage
is $4,000, has been let complete. Each has been divided into four rooms
and let separately.

The voyage promises plenty of excitement, in view of the race with the
Lucania, which for so long has held the record not only as the Cunard's
fastest boat, but as the fastes [sic] of all British ships. The
Lusitania and the Lucania lie about two miles from each other in the
Mersey at Liverpool to-night. Extraordinary efforts have been put forth
on both ships the last few days, and since the middle of the week work
has been going on night and day. The excitement to-night runs high, not
only among the crews, but also among the passengers, who are arriving

The two great ships are commanded by two of the finest Captains in the
service, Capt. Watt of the Lusitana [sic] and Capt. Barr of the Lucania.
Each will know how to get every ounce out of his vessel. They are
quiet-mannered, reticent men, with closed lips and steady eyes, men who
will make the great race notable. Incidentally they deny it is a race,
and the engine room staffs are not talking.

At 4:30 o'clock to-morrow afternoon the Lucania will leave Prince's
landing stage for New York, and at 7 o'clock the Lusitania will leave
and the race will have started, but there will be no grip in the contest
till after both boats have called at Queenstown and started in earnest
across the Atlantic. The Lusitania will wait for the Lucania to clear
away from Queenstown before she leaves. Then the army of the engine room
staff of each ship will go to work in grim earnest.

One point in favor of the Lucania is that her stokehold and engine room
crews know what their ship can do and how to make her do it. They number
221 man, and the Lusitania's rival battalion numbers 396. They will have
to handle about 1,000 tons of coal daily.

Local pride is running high, as it is confidently expected that the
Lusitania will break the transatlantic record now held by the Germans.
The whole accommodation in all classes, both in the Lucania and the
Lusitania, has been booked. The former has on board 380 first and 360
second saloon passengers, and the latter 480 first and 495 second saloon
passengers. Special police arrangements have been made to cope with the
record crowd expected to assemble to witness the start.


Jason D. Tiller

Aug 20, 2000
Niagara Falls, Ontario
Interesting article, Mark. I have an original article and photo published by one of the local newspapers here, describing the voyage as the Lusitania was at sea.

I'll post it here as soon as I can.

Mark Baber

Jul 4, 2000
The New York Times, 8 September 1907

Giant Cunarder Leaves Liverpool on Her Maiden Voyage to New York
It Is Believed the New Liner Will Beat the Lucania to This Port by at
Least Twenty Hours
Special Cable to THE NEW YORK TIMES
LIVERPOOL, Sept. 7---To the singing of "Rule Britannia" and amid
hurricanes of cheers from the assembled thousands, the Cunard liner
Lusitania was sped to-night upon her maiden voyage.

The great vessel's departure dominated everything else here to-day, the
crowds and enthusiasm being fully commensurate with the enormous
interest in the event. The send-off was a magnificent one. No vessel in
the British mercantile service ever inaugurated her career more
splendily. [sic]

Throughout the day the Lusitania, and also the Lucania, were the centre
of attraction for sightseers, busy either in speculating on the probable
result of the great ocean race---for no statements of the Cunard
officials can convince the public that no race is intended---or given up
to admiration of the splendid spectacle created by the two liners,
supposed to be in friendly rivalry.

The Lucania, which was announced to leave three hours before the
Lusitania, left her berth at Prince's Stage at 5 P. M., and was
succeeded there about an hour later by the Lusitania. The embarkation
of the first-class passengers then commenced. The arrangements were the
same as for other liners, with the exception of a special revolving
elevator for the luggage. The arrangements worked excellently except for
congestion at the gangways at times.

As the first-class accommodations, with the influx of passengers,
assumed a habitable character, the appointments were fully revealed in
their luxuriousness and splendor.

There was not a vacant berth either in the first or second class.

Dusk fell before the preparations for the Lusitania's departure were
well advanced and then the waiting crowds had a reward for their
patience, for when she was lighted up the vessel presented a truly
magnificent spectacle.

The Lusitania left the stage a little over four hours after the Lucania.
Cheering followed the vessel till her lights faded in the darkness.
LIVERPOOL, Sept. 7.-There is no one in England to-night but is convinced
that by next Friday the greatest turbine steamer ever constructed will
have won back for the Cunard Line the laurels wrested from it ten years
ago by the North German Lloyd.

Probably never before has so much interest been displayed in the maiden
voyage of a new vessel as was displayed today in the sailing of the
Lusitania. This can be attributed partly to the intense rivalry between
England and Germany in the transatlantic passenger traffic, partly to
national pride in ownership---the Lusitania is believed to be the
greatest triumph of the shipbuilder's art afloat---and to no small
extent to the sporting element given to the event by the prospect of a
race between the youngest Atlantic flier and the Lucania, at one time
the holder of the record.

The Lusitania was over one hour late in starting. The scene as she
sailed was a memorable one. Fully 100,000 spectators lined the landing
stage and the river banks in the immediate vicinity and yelled
themselves hoarse as the liner gathered headway down the river, and
every steamer and riverside factory for miles along the Mersey joined in
the chorus of goodbys. [sic] The din was deafening.

Lit up from stern to stern with lights glinting from the rows of
portholes that marked her numerous tiers of decks, the mammoth
proportions of the Lusitania were emphasized by the illuminations, and
the vessel presented a magnificent spectacle as she began to move away.
The demonstration reached its climax when the vast multitude broke out
with " Rule Britannia." This song was taken up by the crowds on the
Cheshire side of the river and sung until the ship, with her 3,000
passengers, had passed slowly beyond the sight of the four-mile-long
riverside promenade.

The Lusitania will be allowed to go easily as far as Queenstown, but
from there it is expected that she will be driven at her full speed of
25 1/2 knots an hour. Of course the officials of the Cunard Line say
that no race is contemplated, but the engine room crews of the two
vessels have been busy for a week past getting everything in readiness
with the expectation that the engines will be called upon to do their
best on this occasion. Twenty hours is about the lowest estimate by
which the Lusitania is expected to beat the Lucania into New York.

On the Lucania are 370 first-class and 3400 second-class passengers, and
on the Lusitania 480 first-class and 495 second-class. The lists include
many notable persons. Among the passengers on the Lusitania are Robert
Balfour, M. P., E. C. Barber, H. G. Dolan, Mr. and Mrs. Louis Hay, the
Countess of Dunmore, Mr. and Mrs. Cyrus H. McCormick, Lady Victoria
Murray, and S. C. Perkins. The Lucania carries the team of the
Marylebone Cricket Club, which will play a series of games in America,
and Bishop P. J. O'Reilly.

May 3, 2002
Wellington, New Zealand
and on this day 100 years ago.
This calls for a special reading from J. Kent Layton's new book.

[those who have read the book will understand. to those who haven't it is a treasure trove of information. Good art subject material.]



Mark Baber

Jul 4, 2000
Interesting article, Mark

Thanks, Jason. It'll be interesting to see how the coverage in the two papers compared.

Mark thanks for posting.

Thanks, Martin. This is a spin-off from a series I post to several mailing lists, focusing on 1907 NYT articles about White Star. This other line's ship just happened to hog most of the attention during the second week of September, for some reason.


Mark Baber

Jul 4, 2000
[MAB Note: This is for those of you who were wondering what E.J. Smith was doing while Lusitania was making her maiden voyage.]

The New York Times, 9 September 1907

The Financier Catches an Express Train in the Berkshires
Special to The New York Times
PITTSFIELD, Mass., Sept. 8---J. Pierpont Morgan to-day pursued an
express train in an automobile and caught it

It was the fastest run that has been seen in this vicinity up to date,
and some folk in the Central Berkshires are still speculating as to the
nature of the red streak that flashed down their beautiful roads.

Mr. Morgan has been here as the guest of Charles Lander, and this
afternoon started back to New York to keep an important engagement in
the morning. Mr. Morgan, Mr. Lander, Capt. E. J. Smith of the steamship
Adriatic, and Col. Oswald Latrobe left Mr. Lander's country home in the
auto together to come to the station here. Through a miscalculation they
arrived just in time to see the tail end of the New York Express whirl
round a curve in the distance.

Mr. Morgan's host ran into the station, explained his unfortunate slip
to the agent, John Gleason, and induced him to wire to Lee, twelve miles
away, asking that the train be held up for a couple of minutes at that

On the chance that the request would be acceded to, Mr. Lander rushed
out of the station without waiting for an answer, jumped into the auto,
and told the chauffeur to push it to the last limit of speed for Lee.

Through Pittsfield's ordinarily sedate streets the car rushed at a
forty-mile clip. That was only a preliminary. Fine roads are the rule
thereabout, and the main road to Lenox, along which the flying auto took
its course, is particularly adapted to spectacular automobile
performances. There the $15,000 car was let out to the last notch, and
at sixty miles an hour or more it headed a trail of dust that stretched
away two miles to the rear.

Everybody sat tight, and with horn-blowing and machinery rumbling the
car dashed into Lee, whirled around to the station, and there found the
delayed express train.

It had been waiting for about five minutes. Mr. Morgan, who seemed not
at all disturbed by his perilous dash, climbed from the auto, got on the
train as it pulled out, and waved a goodby to his friends.


Mark Baber

Jul 4, 2000
The New York Times, 9 September 1907

Is Delayed for a Time by Fog, but Later Makes 25 Knots an Hour
Passengers Cannot Believe They Are at Sea---The Start from Queenstown
Made at 12:10 P. M.
By Wireless-Telegraph and Cable
Special to The New York Times
ON BOARD THE LUSITANIA, Sept. 8, by Wireless Telegraph to
Crookhaven---We passed the Daunt Rock Lightship, the official starting
point for westward transatlantic records, at 12:10 P. M., fifteen
minutes after the Lucania.

For a time this afternoon fog prevented the Lusitania from doing her
best, to the intense disappointment of the eager passengers. The Captain
paced the bridge continually and the passengers peered into the mist in
a vain effort to catch a glimpse of the Lucania. There were a couple of
intervals of half an hour each when the fog lifted and the Lusitania
went at twenty-five knots.

Then, at 6 P. M., the fog disappeared altogether, and we are now, at 9
P. M., going steadily at twenty-five knots an hour. The vessel is
gliding smoothly and most of the passengers, in evening dress, are
lining the sides of the ship, braving the cold wind, in order to catch a
glimpse of the Lucania, which we passed in the afternoon. She is in the
neighborhood, making a splendid fight, as we know by the marconigrams,
but is still unsighted.

It is learned that, unless conditions are very adverse, a most
determined effort is to be made to break the Atlantic record.
From Liverpool to Queenstown
ON BOARD THE LUSITANIA, QUEENSTOWN, Sept. 8---We reached here at 10 A.
M. We were delayed by the fog, but passed the Lucania at 3 A. M. in the
Irish Sea.

While the Lusitania was here, the Lucania steamed up to within gunshot
and there were genial greetings between the passengers.

The delay last night disappointed the passengers, who are eager for a
record, but the officers and engine room staff are undismayed and
cheerful. "Wait till we get to sea," remarked one of them. "We are out
to do things," said one of the officials of the Cunard Company.

The Lusitania slipped out of the Mersey last evening with a smooth glide
that made it hard for the passengers inside the apartments to realize
that they were at sea. The 3,000 persons on board congratulated
themselves in the belief that there would be no seasickness, however
rough the weather might be.

The ship is so vast that many passengers were lost in the corridors and
had to be rescued by stewards.

Cunard Directors, famous naval architects, and experts are on the ship
to see her break the German record.

Two hundred persons who are at Queenstown, hoping to take passage on the
Lusitania, must be left behind, as there is no room for them.
A Message From the Lucania
ON BOARD THE LUCANIA, Sept. 8, 9 P. M.---We are now 180 miles from
The Lusitania, coming over the northern route, will travel 2,784 miles
from Queenstown to Sandy Hook. At a speed of 25 knots an hour, she
should cover the distance in 111 1/2 hours, and, allowing for the
differences in time, should arrive at Sandy Hook at 10:40 P. M.


Mark Baber

Jul 4, 2000
The New York Times, 10 September 1907

Cunard Officials Expect to Hear To-day---To Use New Channel
No news was received up till a late hour from the Lusitania yesterday.
The Cunard Company said that they did not expect to have another
wireless message until this afternoon, as the liner was just in the
position where it would be most difficult to get through to New York by
Marconi wireless.

The latest message said that the Lusitania was steaming 20 knots during
the fog and 25 knots when it lifted. The officials of the Cunard Company
in this city did not believe that the fog would prevent the liner from
arriving at the Quarantine Station, Staten Island, at daylight on Friday
morning. They added that the pilotage fees would be $156.16, based on a
draught of 32 feet.

The Lusitania will be docked at the foot of Thirteenth Street, North
River, at the new Cunard pier, No. 54, where she will easily be seen
from West Street.

Not since the day in 1881 when the Guion liner Oregon came over on her
maiden trip and reduced the record to six days eleven hours has so much
interest been shown in an Atlantic race. The inhabitants of Staten
Island have made great preparations to give the new record-breaker a
welcome as she passes Tompkinsville by going off in rowboats and tugs
with flags and bands.

Pilots who live there are having a hard time answering all the queries
that are being put to them. The Cunard Company has erected a temporary
shed on Pier 54, just to keep out the rain, it is said, but it will not
commence to acommodate [sic] the hundreds who are making the Surveyor's
staff in the Custom House work overtime in issuing permits.

It was decided yesterday that the Lusitania would enter the harbor by
the new Ambrose Channel, which will be temporarily buoyed for the
purpose, as it was for the Cunarder Caronia when she left on her last
outward voyage.

Jun 10, 1999
Mark B. - I find in interesting in your post regarding..."100,000 cheer as Lusitania sails", the name of a Cyrus H. McCormick & wife are among those passengers listed. Amongst my postcards of Lusitania is one which bears a postmark Dublin & Queenstown Sept. 27 '07 PAQUEBOT. The message entailed is also of particular interest..."Frank I would like to have you with me, three times around this ship is one mile." McCormick.

Do you suppose the same McCormick's also sailed on the return-half of Lusitania's maiden voyage, as the postmark implies?

Michael Cundiff

Mark Baber

Jul 4, 2000
The New York Times, 11 September 1907

If Steamship Keeps Up 25-Knot Gait She Will Reach Sandy Hook at 1 A. M.
New Cunarder Ran 561 Knots for the 24 Hours Ending at Noon on Monday
Despite the Fog
By Wireless Telegraph and Cable
Special to The New York Times
ON BOARD THE LUSITANIA, Sept. 9, by Wireless Telegraph to
Crookhaven---We overtook the steamship Lucania in the course of Sunday
night, and at mid-day to-day the Lusitania had obtained a lead of fifty

The ship is plowing along at nearly 26 knots with scarcely a tremor.
She is steadily increasing her lead.

Despite the fog the day's run at noon was recorded as 561 knots. The
weather is now fine.

LONDON, Sept. 10---A Wireless message from the Lusitania dispatched on
Monday at noon recorded the vessel's position to be in latitude 51
degrees 7 minutes north, longitude 23 degrees 3 minutes west of
Greenwich. The calculations being made here are that the Lusitania will
arrive in New York on Friday morning at 7 o'clock. This would lower the
Deutschland's record by about three and a half hours.

These calculations are based on the assumption that she will maintain a
rate of 25 knots an hour, which she made between 9 P. M. on Sunday and
noon on Monday, when it was reported that she had covered 376 miles in
fifteen hours.
QUEENSTOWN, Sept. 10---The steamer Haverford, which arrived here this
evening from Philadelphia, reports that she passed the Lusitania at 7:30
o'clock on Monday morning and the Lucania three and one-half hours
later. It is calculated that if the Lusitania continues the same ratio
of gain she will reach New York between twenty-two and twenty-four hours
ahead of the Lucania.
LONDON, Sept. 10---The Cunard Company has received a wireless message
from the Lusitania stating that the vessel ran 561 knots from Daunt Rock
Lightship to noon of Monday. As the Lusitania passed Daunt Rock at 12:10
P. M., this position shows that she has traveled only at an average rate
of 23 1/2 knots an hour, doubtless due to fog.
The wireless message dispatched from the Lusitania on Monday at noon
stated that the liner had only made 561 miles from Queenstown in the
twenty-four hours, which was owing to her having to slow down in the
fog. As soon as it lifted she made an average speed of 25 knots, which
was being kept up, according to the latest messages received.

Basing the calculation on a distance of 2,784 miles from Queenstown to
Sandy Hook and the Lusitania doing twenty-five knots average speed per
hour after the fog lifted on Sunday, she would reach Sandy Hook at 1 A.
M. on Friday and her pier at 7 A. M.

The Cunard people here said they had not received any further wireless
messages from the Lusitania yesterday and did not expect any until
to-day, as there was no means of passing on the messages.

If the Lusitania reaches her pier at 7 A. M. Friday she will have wiped
out all records. She must reach Sandy Hook Bar by 2 P. M. Friday to beat
the Lucania's record. That she will do this is a foregone conclusion.
But the breaking of the Cunard record is not the sole ambition of the

The record of the Deutschland of the Hamburg-American line is what the
Lusitania is really after, and to beat this by one hour she must make
the trip in five days; that is, reach Sandy Hook at 7:10 o'clock (New
York time) Friday morning. The Deutschland's record from Cherbourg to
New York is five days, eleven hours and fifty-four minutes.

Without allowing for the disadvantage of the more southerly route, the
trip from Cherbourg westward is about 236 miles longer than the
Lusitania's voyage from Queenstown to New York. To offset this the
Lusitania must allow the Deutschland approximately 11 hours.

Accordingly, the British vessel must do her transatlantic record
smashing before 8 o'clock Friday morning, and this her owners
confidently expect her to do.


Mark Baber

Jul 4, 2000
The New York Times, 12 September 1907

Had Run 1,706 Miles Up to Noon Yesterday, an Average of 22.8 Miles an
800 Mlles from New York at 11:20 Last Night-$1,000 Pools on the Day's
First day's run .............. 561
Second day's run .......... 575
Third day's run ............. 570
Total covered up to noon yes-
terday. ..................... 1,706
Total still to be covered ... 1,078

Average speed up to noon yes-
terday, (1,706 knots in 74
hours and 50 minutes)...... 22.8

Probable time of arrival at Sandy Hook, 9 A. M.

Probable time of arrival at pier in New York, 11 A. M. Friday.

Probable time from Queenstown to Sandy Hook, 5 days 1 hour and 50

Best previous record from Queenstown to Sandy Hook, Lucania, 5 days 7
hours and 23 minutes.

Best record from Southampton to New York, Kaiser Wilhelm der Grosse, 5
days 20 hours.

Best record from Cherbourg to New York, (and best Atlantic record,)
Deutschland, 5 days 11 hours and 54 minutes.
MARCONI STATION, Sable Island, Sept. 11---When this station came into
communication with the Cunard liner Lusitania at 11:20 P. M., Eastern
standard time, the steamer was 150 miles east of the station, or 800
miles from New York.

All are well on board, and the turbiner is rushing at high speed on her
voyage to New York.
By Wireless Telegraph from THE TIMES'S Correspondent on board the
ON BOARD THE LUSITANIA, Sept. 11, 12:30 P. M.---At noon to-day, the
third of the Lusitania's first transatlantic voyage, the run for the
last twenty-four hours was announced to be 570 nautical miles. The run
on the first day was 561, on the second 575. We are now in latitude 45
degrees 35 minutes, longitude 50 degrees 42 minutes, having traversed a
distance of 1,706 miles.

The sea is smooth and the weather is fine. It is hoped that to-morrow
the Lusitania will show what she is really able to do. Her machinery,
which has been well "shaken down" in the voyage so far, will, it is
expected, be in perfect running order by that time. The engines are
working splendidly, but the staff is not yet quite part of the machine.
This afternoon we are going at a great pace.

One of the most remarkable features of the voyage is the extraordinary
immunity from seasickness enjoyed by the passengers. The sea was quite
rough yesterday, but the doctor says there were only twenty mild cases
of seasickness among the 3,000 persons on the great vessel. The
marvelous smoothness of the sailing astonishes every one. It would
almost be possible to play billiards on board.

A big liner, believed to be the Amerika of the Hamburg-American Line,
which left Hamburg on Sept. 5, and Southampton and Cherbourg the
following day, was sighted last night ahead. She was steaming westward,
and at breakfast time to-day she was overhauled. By luncheon time she
passed out of sight astern.

Thousand-dollar pools on the days' runs are got up in the smoke-room,
end there is the greatest excitement on board, every one hoping that the
Lusitania will beat the record of the Deutschland of 601 miles in one
ON BOARD THE LUCANIA, Sept. 11, 1:47 P.M.---The run for the twenty-four
hours ending at noon to-day was 518 miles. We are in latitude 46
degrees 48 minutes, longitude 47 degrees 48 minutes.

The weather is clear and the sea is smooth.
CAPE RACE, N. F., Sept. 11---The Lusitania came into touch through the
wireless telegraph with the American continent early to-day.

At 5:20 A. M. a message was received from the steamer, saying that she
was 225 miles southeast of Cape Race at that hour.
According to THE TIMES's wireless advices from the Lusitania, the high
average speed of 25 or 26 knots an hour attributed to her in estimates
published yesterday afternoon, has not been realized.

There was one obvious end important error in almost all these
calculations. namely, the ignoring of difference of time. Between
Queenstown and New York this difference is five hours, and every night
at midnight as the Lusitania sails westward her clock is set back one
hour, so that ship time may approximate solar time as nearly as
possible. The day's run of the ship from noon to noon is therefore a run
of twenty-five hours, not twenty-four.

As THE TIMES dispatches show, the Lusitania between 12:10 P. M. Sunday,
when she passed Daunt's Rock, and noon yesterday, 74 hours and 50
minutes elapsed time, making the allowance just noted, traveled 1,706
nautical miles, an average of 22.8 miles an hour. There remained of her
journey to Sandy Hook a distance of 1,078 miles, which, at the average
already achieved, would require forty-seven hours.

This brings the time of her arrival at Sandy Hook, always bearing in
mind the allowance of an extra hour to each day, down to 9 A. M. Friday,
New York time. This would make the time of the entire voyage 5 days 1
hour and 50 minutes. It is, of course, possible that this record may be
reduced by an hour or more should the Lusitania during the remainder of
her voyage be able to achieve her expected speed of 25 knots an hour.

The Lusitania will have the distinction of being the first steamship to
go through the new Ambrose channel after its official opening. Lieut.
Col. William L. Marshall, engineer in charge of the work, has announced
that the new channel will be officially opened to-morrow morning for
vessels of not less than 29 feet in draught and vessels not less than
600 feet in length. By to-morrow the buoys will all be in place and the
Lusitania will find all in readiness for her to use the "cut off" route.

Everything is in readiness also on the new Cunard pier for the reception
of the big liner. The Cunard Company will have a tug waiting, and as
soon as the Lusitania is reported passing Nantucket the tug will put off
with Vernon H. Brown, Mr. Babcock, civilian engineer of the Ambrose
channel, and other officials, to meet the big liner outside the bar.
Special permission has been given by the customs officials to the party
to board the Lusitania, and they will come up the bay on her.

Ready to Greet the Liner

New York is ready to welcome the Lusitania. When she makes her initial
appearance in the harbor it is likely that she will have a magnificent
reception. Many of the small boats of Staten Island have already been
engaged by those who want to go out and get a near view of the vessel.
The Ocean Society has chartered the biggest of the Iron Steamboat
Company's fleet, the Sirius, and she will go out on Friday morning,
taking those who have friends on board or who desire to see the liner
come up the bay. The prospects are that the Sirius will be crowded, for
not only have many persons been referred to the Ocean Society by the
Cunard Line, but it is understood that many of the members of the St.
George Society will go down on the Sirius. The Sirius will leave West
129th Street at 8 o'clock Friday morning, Twenty-third Street at 8:30,
and Pier 1 North River at 9 o'clock. This it is expected will allow her
to get down near the Hook and convoy the Lusitania through the new

That the other big transatlantic liners are losing no time this trip in
crossing is shown by the wireless reports received yesterday. The
Lucania of the Cunard Line, which sailed on the same date as the
Lusitana, [sic] was In communication with the Cape Race Station when she
was 1,133 miles east of Sandy Hook, at 3 P. M. yesterday, and she is due
at the Hook at midnight Friday and should reach her pier about 7:30
Saturday morning.

La Provence, the crack vessel of the French line, which left Havre on
Sept. 7, was reported passing Cape Race at 9 A. M. yesterday, and she
is due at her pier about 9:30 A. M. to-morrow.

Record Number of Marconigrams

The intense interest being taken by the public in the record-breaking
trip of the Lusitania has caused an unprecedented number of wireless
messages to be sent to and from the ship through the different stations
along the coast. Never before have so many messages been received from
one steamer on a single voyage. The wireless stations at Cape Race and
Sable Island, on the coast of Nova Scotia, have been flooded with
messages sent from passengers to their friends in this country. Hundreds
of these messages have been received and sent over the telegraph wires
to this city and nearly every other large city in the United States.
Many of the persons who have received messages from the liner have sent
replies. Then there have been the messages from the officers of the ship
to the Cunard management, in this city, keeping it constantly informed
of the speed of the ship and the progress of the voyage, in addition to
the messages sent every day by the newspaper reporters who are on the

At the offices of the Marconi Wireless Telegraph Company at 27 William
Street it was said yesterday that it was impossible to tell the exact
number of messages sent out through the main office and the Cape Race
and Sable Island stations, but it was certain that the amount of
business has surpassed all previous records. It is impossible to obtain
the exact figures because wireless messages to a ship at sea are
accepted by any telegraph office and transferred from the wires to the
wireless. There is only one Marconi apparatus on the steamer, and it is
probable that the two operators have beep working day and night to take
care of the messages.

The number of Marconigrams sent to and from the Lusitania has furnished
the strongest proof of the success of the wireless telegraph in
communicating with ships far at sea. There has been hardly an hour,
except on Tuesday, when the land stations have not been able to "pick
up" the ship with the greatest ease. The messages have been sent with
hardly any delay and with almost as great dispatch and satisfaction as
if the big steamer were connected with the land by wires.

The Marconi Company expects that by 3 o'clock this afternoon the
Nantucket Station will be able to "pick up" the ship and after that all
messages to and from the boat will pass through that station. Up to the
present time all communication has been through the Canadian stations.


Mark Baber

Jul 4, 2000
The New York Times, 13 September 1907

Will Come Through the New Channel, and Reach Her Pier About Noon
Could Have Done Better but for Fog---293 Miles Away at 9 Last Night
First day's run ............... 561
Second day's run........... 575
Third day's run ............... 570
Fourth day's run............. 593
Total up to noon yesterday....2,299
Total still to be covered......... 481

Average speed yesterday ..... 23.80
Average speed for four days ... 23.11

Probable arrival at Sandy Hook. .
9 A. M. to-day
Probable arrival at Pier ....... Noon

Probable time from Queenstown to
Sandy Hook, 5 days 1 hour and 15 minutes.

Beat previous record from Queens-
town to Sandy Hook, Lucania, 5
days 7 hours and 23 minutes.

Best record from Southampton to
New York, Kaiser Wilhelm der
Grosse, 5 days 20 hours

Best record from Cherbourg to
New York, (and. best Atlantic rec-
ord,) Deutschland, 5 days 11 hours
and 54 minutes.
By Wireless Telegraph from THE TIMES'S Correspondent on Board the
ON BOARD THE LUSITANIA, Sept. 12, Noon, via Halifax---At noon to-day,
the fourth of the Lusitania's first transatlantic voyage, the run for
the day was announced to be 593 nautical miles, an average for the day
of 23.86. The run on the first day was 561, on the second 575, and on
the third 570.

We are now in latitude 42 degrees nine minutes, and longitude 63 degrees
32 minutes, having traversed 2,299 miles from Queenstown, and having 481
miles to go before reaching Sandy Hook.

On account of veering in toward the Nova Scotia shore, because of the
fog, the distance to be covered to New York was cut four miles, from 485
to 481.

The morning has been sunny and the sea smooth, except for half an hour
about 11 o'clock, when the big liner slipped through a dense fog bank.
Later the fog rose, however, and again the sun shone brightly.

The announcement of the day's run was received with great cheering. Much
regret was expressed at the necessity of slowing down for the fog. Had
this not occurred, the day's run would doubtless have been 600 miles or
NEWPORT, R. I., Sept 12---The steamer Lusitania reported herself 185
miles east of Nantucket Lightship.
NEWPORT, R. I., Sept 12---A wireless message states that the Lusitania
was 100 miles from the Nantucket Lightshio at 9 o'clock to-night. She
was expected to pass the lightship about 1 A. M. The weather is clear.
CAPE SABLE, N. S., Sept. 12---A message from the Lucania indicated that
the steamer was 250 miles astern of the Lusitania at 6 P. M.
The Lusitania will arrive at the Bar this morning, as THE TIMES stated
yesterday, probably about 9 o'clock and will be docked at the foot of
West Thirteenth Street about noon.

Her run yesterday was 593 miles, the greatest run of the voyage. Up to
noon she had traveled 2,299 miles from Queenstown, and up to 9 o'clock
last night had traveled 2,487 miles, being at that time reported 100
miles east of Nantucket Light ship. This left her 293 miles to go out of
the total of 2,780 from Queenstown.

Her voyage was somewhat shortened by the necessity of her veering in
toward the Nova Scotia coast yesterday morning to avoid a dense fog,
which shut down for about half an hour. The course was thus shortened
four miles.

This same fog bank prevented her making probably a world's record for
one day's run. It was thought, as indicated by wireless messages
received from on board last night, that she would have equaled if not
bettered the Deutschland's run of 601 miles, the world's record for one

But the fast run of the fourth day, 593 miles, brought up her average
speed for the trip from 22.8 knots to 23.11 knots.

The average speed for the day's run of 23.86 knots is a trifle better
than the famous run of the Kaiser Wilhelm, which made one day's run of
591 knots, an average speed of 23.64 knots an hour.

The probable time of her run from Queenstown to Sandy Hook is 6 days 1
hour and 15 minutes, the best previous record between the same two
points being 5 days 7 hours and 23 minutes, made by the Lucania.
Sorry the Blue Ribbon of the Atlantic Was Not Won
Special Cable to THE NEW YORK TIMES
LONDON, Sept. 12---It is considered certain here that the Lusitania will
not lower the Deutschland's record on the trip now approaching
completion, and, despite the fact that no transatlantic liner ever has done
her best on her maiden voyage, deep disappointment is felt that the blue
ribbon of the Atlantic still remains with a German ship.

Expert calculations show that the Lusitania's average speed from the
Daunt Lightship to noon Wednesday was 22.58 knots an hour.

To equal the Deutschland's average at 23.51 knots an hour, the
Lusitania, from noon Wednesday till her arrival at Sandy Hook, would
have had to make an average of 26.1 knots an hour. The Nantucket report
of her position indicates that she failed to do this.
Picked Because He Took the Caronia Out the New Channel
No word by wireless was received at the Cunard offices yesterday from
the Lusitania. The officials believe that this is due to the fact that
she has already made her report to the office, and whatever wireless
work is being carried on as she nears this port is the sending and
receiving of messages for the many passengers on board.

The pilot who will have the honor of bringing the Lusitania through the
Ambrose Channel is Frank Kramer of the Sandy Hook Pilots' Association.
It was Kramer who, two weeks ago, took the Caronia out through the new
channel, and since that time he has been down in a tug, accompanied by
Vernon H. Brown, agent of the line, and made a study of the new fairway.
It was said that the action of the Cunard Company in selecting Kramer to
bring their new turbiner into port has caused some feeling among the
other pilots of the association.

They thought that the pilot for the task should have been selected in
the regular way, picking up the one whose turn it was to "come in " from
the pilot boat.

At the office of the association I\in State Street it was said that the
matter had been adjusted, and there were no hard feelings over the
selection of a pilot. Kramer is an old-time pilot, and one of the most
experienced. He has for years been piloting vessels of great draft in
and out of this port.

It is expected that the Lusitania will reach her pier about noon to-day,
and everything has been made ready for her reception. A gang of men was
yesterday at work, cleaning up and putting the last touches to the
temporary shed on the new pier. For those who wish to get a view of the
big liner as she comes up through the new channel and past Sandy
Hook the Ocean Society has chartered the steamboat Sirius, and the
indications are that she will go down early this morning filled with
nautical experts.

Every small craft skipper is on the lookout for the Lusitania, and she
will be greeted by a salute of steam whistles which will surpass any
reception ever given to a liner.

A party of United States Army engineers arrived in this city last night.
They will go down the bay in a tug to watch the performance of the
newest turbine, and later will inspect the engines.
Sixteen Financial Writers to Inspect Mineral Resources of Ontario
A party of sixteen prominent British financial journalists will arrive
to-day on the Cunard liner Lusitania as the guests of the Government of
Ontario, Canada, to inspect the mineral and other natural resources of
that province.

W. T. Hedges, representative of the Ontario Government, arrived here a
few days ago to make arrangements for the reception of the visitors and
escort them to Canada. After lunching at the Hotel Belmont to-day, the
party will be taken to see the sights of New York in private
automobiles, and leave in the evening for Niagara Falls en route for
Cobalt, Sudbury nickel mines, Sault Ste. Marie, and Copper Cliff, to
inspect the mines.

The British journalists will have another opportunity of seeing this
city on their return from Canada, before they sail for Liverpool by the
Cunard Line.
North German Lloyd Commander Thinks Lusitania a `Wonderful Ship'
"The Lusitania is doing finely, and there is no way of getting around
it," said Capt. D. Hogemann of the North German Lloyd liner
Kronprinzessin Cecilie yesterday morning. Capt. Hogemann, who is also
the Commodore of the North German Lloyd fleet, was in command of the
Kaiser Wilhelm II of the same line when that vessel was smashing
ocean records, and was on the bridge when the Kaiser, in July of 1906,
logged 591 knots in one day, which is going at an average speed of 23.64
knots an hour, one of the fastest performances in the history of
transatlantic navigation.

Like all the other skippers now in New York, Commodore Hogemann is
watching closely the dally reports of the maiden voyage of the
Lusitania, and he does not hesitate to give the great Cunarder full
credit for the splendid performance she is making, particularly as this
is her first trip, and as everybody knows transatlantic skippers and
engineers never push their vessels until they have become thoroughly
familiar with the workings of the ship and the engines, as they say,
"have become perfectly tuned."

"From what I have read in the newspapers," said Capt. Hogemann
yesterday, "it is very apparent that in the Lusitania the Cunard Company
has one of the most wonderful ships ever put overboard. She is doing
wonderfully well when you take everything into consideration. You must
remember that her engineers have not become thoroughly acquainted, so to
speak, with her great turbine engines, and when they do I have no doubt
whatever that the Lusitania will do a great deal better.

"Of course, I am not an engineer, but I naturally know a little about
navigation, and no one had the right to expect the Lusitania to eclipse
ocean records on this her first time out."

"Do you think, Captain, that the Lusitania will eventually smash the
ocean records for fast steaming?"

"I would not be surprised it she did," answered Capt. Hogemann.

"Will the North German Lloyd build a steamer to eclipse her in speed?"

"Now that is a leading question," answered Capt. Hogemann with a smile,
"but really I do not know. We have some very fine ships already, you
know. This one, for instance, [meaning the Kronprinzessin Cecilie] is a
fine vessel, and she will do a lot better before very long."

In shipping circles generally the coming of the Lusitania was the main
topic of conversation. On all sides praise for the new Cunarder was
heard, but there was a dissenting note here and there.

"Don't forget," said the commander of one of the big ocean liners, "that
the Lusitania has engines that develop 70,000 horse power. Build a
reciprocating engine with as great power and it, too, would propel a
ship at a record-breaking clip. And then the coal consumption. Remember
that they say the Lusitania is eating up about 1,100 tons a day. That is
quite a meal, isn't it? "

Not only are the skippers but the deck hands as well excited over the
advent of the Cunard's long-heralded record breaker. A deck hand of the
Kronprinzessin Cecilie was laboriously translating into German the story
in an afternoon newspaper yesterday of the Lusitania's coming.

Officers of higher rank in the employ of the two great German lines also
intimated that bigger and faster boats, flying the German flag, would
probably be forthcoming should the Lusitania snatch away the speed
laurels of the Kaiser Wilhelm II and the Deutschland.
Public Immensely Interested in Biggest Atlantic Liner
The amount of publicity given in the daily press throughout the country
to the maiden trip of the Cunard liner Lusitania has so aroused the
interest of the public, especially.the citizens of Greater New York,
that the Surveyor's office, in the Custom House in Wall Street, was
thronged from 9 A. M. yesterday morning till late in the afternoon with
people making applications for passes for Pier 54, North River, foot of
Thirteenth Street, where the great steamer will be made fast about noon

The new pier will not be able to afford standing room to all the people
who received permits before the Surveyor decided that they had issued

The revenue cutter, which will leave the Barge Office at 6:30 A. M. to
go down to meet the Lusitania at the Quarantine Station, has a full
complement of passengers, besides the regular number of Customs
Inspectors who go down to collect the declarations from the ship.

In answer to the numerous inquiries at the Cunard office in State Street
yesterday as to what day the Lusitania would be open for inspection by
the public, the officials of the company stated that the date would not
be fixed until the liner had docked, as the Captain would have to be
consulted in the matter.
Small Craft That Might Hamper Dredgers Are Barred
To prevent the overcrowding of the new Ambrose Channel by small craft,
which would hamper the work of the dredgers, official regulations for
governing the navigation of the new waterway from the ocean were issued
yesterday by the United States Engineers' Office, after being approved
by the Secretary of War. The law reads as follows:

"Vessels and other craft having draught of less than 29 feet may not use
or pass through that part of Ambrose Channel (formerly East Channel)
which lies south and east of a line between the West Bank Lighthouse and
the Coney Island Lighthouse, and no vessel or other craft may use the
said part of the channel during the night between the hours of sunset
and sunrise. This regulation does not include vessels belonging to the
various Government departments or the Board of Pilot Commissioners, nor
vessels of the length of 600 feet or more over all, but such last-named
vessels may not pass at night between sunset and sunrise."


Eric Longo

Aug 13, 2004
Hello Mark & All,

One hundred years ago! An unpublished photo on the morning to accompany all this interesting reading (thanks Mark).


View Image: Lusitania's maiden arrival in New York, September 13th, 1907,
(C) Eric Longo Image Collection
Mar 22, 2003
Chicago, IL, USA
Great series of articles Mark. Thanks for posting.

For those unaware, in 1907 the end of a transatlantic voyage to NY was marked when a ship passed the Sandy Hook Lightship in lower NY bay. At that time it was located about 6 miles east of Sandy Hook, NJ. In 1899 $4 million were approved to construct the Ambrose Channel which was dredged to a depth of 45 feet and a width of 2,000 feet. Seven years later, funds were approved to erect a number of navigational aids along the channel which included a pair of range lights at Staten Island and West Bank. It was in 1908 that the Sandy Hook Lightship was moved to a new location about 8 miles east of Sandy Hook, NJ and renamed the Ambrose Channel Lightship.

Mark Baber

Jul 4, 2000
The New York Times, 14 September 1907

Lusitania Reaches Sandy Hook from Queenstown in 5 Days 54 Minutes
Records of German Liners for Fastest Day's Run and Average Speed Not
Big Fleet of Harbor Craft Toot Greeting---Turbine Engines Work Smoothly
All Through Trip
Decorated with bunting from stem to stern, her wistle [sic] screeching a
salute, and her sides towering above all other craft, the turbine
steamship Lusitania, latest of the Cunard Line fleet and largest vessel
afloat, arrived abeam of Sandy Hook Lightship at 8:05 o'clock yesterday
morning, completing a record trip from Queenstown.

She made the passage from Daunt's Rock to Sandy Hook in 5 days and 54
minutes, just 21 minutes less than was estimated for her in THE TIMES
yesterday, smashing the best previous record on that course of 5 days 7
hours and 23 minutes, made by the Lucania of the same line. She
maintained an average speed of 23.01 knots an hour, and on one day
reached a speed of 24 1/2 knots.

The Lusitania left the Liverpool landing stage at 9:10 P. M. on Saturday
and arrived at Queenstown at 9:53 the next morning. She passed Daunt's
Rock, where the race for the record started, at 12:11 P. M. that day,
and crossed the finish line at Sandy Hook Lightship at 8:05 o'clock
yesterday morning. Her day's runs were: Monday, 561; Tuesday, 575;
Wednesday, 570; Thursday, 593; Friday, 481. The total distance traveled
was 2,780 nautical miles.

Several times in this fast trip the big liner ran into dense fog banks
and had to slow up. But for this she would have made the passage in
less than five days.

Despite her splendid performance the new Cunarder did not quite achieve
the best transatlantic record. That will come later. The Deutschland of
the Hamburg-American Line still holds the record of 601 miles for a
single day's run, made on a trip from Plymouth in 1901, and the North
German Lloyd boat Kaiser Wilhelm II made an hourly average record of
23.58 knots on the 3,082 miles run from Plymouth in 1904.

Welcoming Fleet Gathers

As she raced along through the early morning mist, the marine observer
at Sandy Hook caught the first glimpse of the Lusitania bearing down on
the light ship at 8 A. M. He flashed the news to the city, and this was
the signal for the putting out of the flotilla of small craft which went
down the bay to welcome the new Cunarder on her maiden trip.

The revenue cutter, with the customs men and the newspaper
representatives, had left the Battery at 6:30 o'clock, and was already
dodging about the Quarantine station when the fleet from the city put in
an appearance. There was the immigration boat Ellis Island, the customs
cutter Dalzelline, in command of Deputy Surveyor Matthew Coneys; the
army engineers' tug Manisees, and the Health Officer's tug Gov. Flower,
with Dr. Doty, Health Officer of the Port, standing outside the pilot
house in a blue and gold trimmed uniform. Besides these there were
innumerable small craft, and just as the Lusitania came into sight at
Quarantine the Iron Steamboat Company's steamer Sirius arrived with
about 1,500 cheering sightseers crowding her starboard rail and making
her tip to an almost dangerous angle. From almost every cove and pier
along the Staten Island and Brooklyn shores, rowboats, motor boats, and
small sailboats put out to join in the welcome.

Safely Through the New Channel

While all these preparations were going on the Lusitania, her record run
over, had passed Sandy Hook, and was slowly swinging into the new
Ambrose Channel and on toward port. Though the French liner Provence had
just passed, the Lusitania was the first to use the new fairway coming

Pilot Frank Cramer, who had been selected by the Cunard Line to bring
the monster vessel in, stood in the centre of the bridge, and behind
him, ever watchful, stood Capt. J. B. Watt, the ship's commander. To
port, the junior third officer, Mr. Dolphin, stood alert at the
telegraph engine room signal, while at the starboard signal was Fourth
Officer Battle. Senior Quartermaster Foulkes had the wheel.

Trying the new channel was much in the nature of an experiment, even
though Pilot Cramer has been over the route several times in the last
week, and the Caronia had gone out by the new waterway. A sigh of relief
went up from those on the bridge when the last of the marking buoys was
left astern and the Lusitania's big hull had safely passed through the
newly completed channel.

But once did the Lusitania stop until she reached Quarantine, and that
was in order to let the tug bearing Vernon H. Brown, New York agent of
the line, and the company's officials, climb on board. She had entered
the new channel at a speed of about 8 knots an hour, but this was
increased until, when she left it, she was going at about 12 knots.

The channel is dredged to a depth of 32 1/2 feet at low tide; and has a
"safety" width of 750 feet. The Lusitania went through at half tide, and
as she drew but 30.6 feet at the bow and 32.3 feet at the stern, at no
time was she in the slightest danger of getting her nose in the mud.

Like a Skyscraper Adrift

The big Lusitania was sighted by the waiting fleet about 9:25 o'clock,
coming slowly through the mist, and twenty minutes later she was
officially in Quarantine The first view those on the waiting vessels got
of her was an enormous hull, magnified by the mist until her high sides
and stacks gave her the appearance of a skyscraper office building
adrift. Then, as she changed her course to get near the Quarantine
station, her great length for the first time became apparent.

The United States flag flew from her foremast, while from her mainmast
flew the red and yellow house flag of the Cunard Line. From her taffrail
fluttered the blue ensign of the British Royal Naval Reserves.

Noisy Salute Long Sustained

Seldom has a vessel arriving at this port been welcomed as was the new
turbine liner. As she came to at the Quarantine station bedlam broke
loose and every skipper within sight promptly pulled open his whistle
valve and kept it open. The joyous crowd on cutter, steamboat, and tug
supplemented this welcome with a long-sustained vocal salute. The hoarse
whistle of the Lusitania was repeatedly sounding the return salute and
every deck was a-flutter with handkerchiefs and flags.

The first boat to approach the liner was the Quarantine tug taking out
the Health officers to inspect her many passengers. This took less than
half an hour and then the revenue cutter crept under the shadow of the
tall hull and made fast just aft the mail boat, which had also gone
alongside, and to which a busy gang of men was already transferring
her 1,500 sacks of mail.

Within a few minutes a port was opened and customs men and newspaper men
were scrambling on board across a narrow plank.

Then the Lusitania moved on up the bay to her new pier at the foot of
West Thirteenth Street. The small craft convoy clustered about her, and
from every passing craft, and there were many of them, she received
salutes from whistle and flag.

Thousands of persons crowded the sea wall at the Battery, and it is safe
to say that work in every office where the windows commanded a view of
the North River was stopped until the liner passed. From the tall tower
of the still uncompleted Singer Building the American flag was broken
out as the boat came into view, a salute from the tallest building to
the biggest steamship. In passing the Battery the big red house flag on
the roof of the Cunard office building was lowered three times in
salute, and the Lusitania's flag was lowered in acknowledgment.

Owing to the condition of the tide the Lusitania had to go up the river
and turn around. It took eight tugs almost an hour to get her warped in,
but this was done without a hitch, and the giant liner came alongside
the pier as easily as the Umbria or the Etruria ever did.

Another reception awaited her as she came alongside, for every pier near
by was crowded. There was a great waving and cheering as the big hull
came into view, and this kept up until the gangplank was in place and
the last line making her fast secured.

Crush and Confusion at New Pier

The Lusitania berthed at one of the new piers in the Chelsea
improvement, and the temporary shed erected was far too small for the
accommodation of the 486 first class and 483 second class passengers, to
say nothing of their many friends who clamored for admission within the
baggage inclosure. In addition most of the baggage had to be removed by
hand, and there is no hoisting machinery in the new structure.

What happened on the pier was nothing to the crush that almost became a
riot in the street. At least 5,000 persons were gathered there, seeking
admission to the pier. The police reserves were called from a number of
stations under Inspector Schmittberger. Men and women were crushed and
trampled as the crowd swayed forward only to be shoved back by the
police. No consideration was shown, and neither police cards nor
customs passes were recognized.

"That don't go here," said a policeman to a man with a police card, and
he was thrown back into the crowd without ceremony.

A well-dressed man who sought to get into the pier attempted to argue
with a policeman as to his rights. He was roughly handled.

It was only with the assistance of the mounted police and with the
eventual thinning out of the crowd that a semblance of order was

The Lusitania as she lies at her pier gives forcible impression of her
size. Her giant bow towers far above the surrounding sheds. From her
bridge one looks down as from the top of a tall building.

Fourth Officer Battle, after explaining the working of the apparatus on
the bridge about ten times within as many minutes after the vessel was
docked, was asked whether he did not get tired of the explanatory work.

"No," he said with a weary look, "I don't mind it any more. I am used to
it. I explained the same thing to 15,000 persons just before we left the

Two young men, sightseers from the country, managed to get on the pier,
and they stood about in open-mouthed wonder looking upward at the big

"No one will believe us," said one to the other, "when we go back and
tell them about this ship. And, by heck," he added, "I would not have
believed it either."

An 8-year-old boy, accompanied by his father, was among those who saw
the new turbine.

"Papa," said the boy, after looking at the Lusitania, "are the
smokestacks as big as the Simplon Tunnel?"

"Well, I should say not," replied the father, and then after a few
moments' thought corrected himself, and told the boy that they were
large enough for two railroad trains to go through side by side, being
twenty-four feet in diameter.

The new system of allowing the passengers to make their customs
declaration at their leisure during the voyage was in force on the
Lusitania, and everything worked satisfactorily. All the passengers thus
had a chance to remain on deck during the trip to the pier and enjoy the
sensation their arrival was making.
Passengers Sent and Received 1,000 Words by Wireless Daily
By THE TIMES Representative Aboard the Lusitania
When the Lusitania hove up her anchor and steamed out of Queenstown
Harbor shortly after noon on Sunday all hands fondly hoped we were
beginning a record-breaking voyage across the Atlantic. The Lucania had
left half an hour before us, and was completely lost in the fog when we
got outside the harbor.

Looking around on the crowded decks fore and aft it was easy to realize
that we were on the largest ship in the world, with a floating
population of 3,000, including the crew, men and women gathered from all
parts of Europe, all bound for the land of the West.

The steamer was under command of Capt. J. B. Watt, and the engines were
in charge of Alexander Duncan, a Scotsman of the old-fashioned Clyde
bred type, who are all brought up to believe that words are not
necessary for engineers, that it is action that tells.

W. J. Luke, the designer of the Lusitania, was on board in company with
E. H. Cunard, one of the Directors of the line, whose famous motto used
to be "We never lost a life."

With the foghorn blowing at three-minute intervals the liner picked her
way cautiously out into the Atlantic in the wake of the Lucania. At 3 P.
M. we were told that she was twenty miles ahead of us.

The passengers in the first cabin did not appear to be a very lively
lot, the fog seeming to fill them with gloom. The fact that we had to
slow down directly after starting was looked upon as a bad omen by some
of the croakers. One tall Scotchman, who still wore his kilts and had a
voice that suggested a steady diet of porridge and haggis, said to me:

"Hoot, mon; it's a raw nicht the noo, I'm thinking. I wish I could see
my bonny bairns again."

When the fog lifted in the night the liner was put at full speed and
bowled along at the rate of 23 knots. Wireless messages were received
from the Lucania all through the night, but our officers professed to
have no idea of her position. Questioned closely by painstaking
passengers, they did not even remember the name of their old greyhound.

Some time, when we were all tucked away in our bunks sleeping
peacefully, the Lusitania passed her pacer, and by noon on Monday the
Lucania was 61 miles astern, but the majority of the passengers did not
know what had become of her until they reached New York. It is not the
way of the Cunard Company to let their passengers know too much, lest
they should become excited and lose sleep.

By noon on Tuesday the distance between the two Cunarders had been
increased to 120 miles.

Life Aboard the Big Ship

One of the features of the daily life on shipboard was furnished by the
two elevators amidships, which carried the passengers up and down to the
various decks, six in all, which are designated as A, B. C, D, and E.
Two boys in gold-laced uniforms were in charge, and were kept busy day
and night, especially at dinner time, when the ladles appeared in
gorgeous toilettes, escorted by their husbands in solemn evening dress.

Sitting in the splendid dining room, decorated in white and gold, with
its lofty balcony, and listening to the orchestra, it was difficult to
believe one's self at sea.

The telephones, which are connected with every cabin, afforded great
amusement to the passengers at first, but later were found of great
convenience in asking one's friends if they were coming to dinner or for
a promenade on deck. The ship was so large that it was not always
possible to locate your friends without the aid of the telephones and
the central offices on each deck. Following the London custom the
passengers all said, "Are you there?" instead of the American "Hello!"

After dinner on fine evenings we sat out on the spacious verandas of the
promenade deck and listened to music.

Wireless Operator Kept Busy

One of the busiest men on the ship was the Marconi operator, who was
besieged at all hours by passengers anxious to receive news and by those
who wanted to send dispatches to their friends on other steamers that
were crossing the ocean. One man's wife had got aboard the Lucania
through some mix-up at Queenstown and the things she flashed to him by
wireless made even the operator wince.

About 1,000 words were received and dispatched daily, and the record was
made yesterday, when over 2,000 words were dispatched.

When I went to send off my first message to THE NEW YORK TIMES I
discovered that we had a press censor on board in the person of Joseph
Lancaster, the purser. When I took it to him he glanced at it severely,
and, pointing out an obscure word, asked: "What's this?" I explained,
and then he crossed the offending word out and wrote it afresh.

"Are you really the press censor?" I asked.

Drawing himself dramatically up to his full height of 5 feet 1 inch, the
purser replied: "I am."

The next day, Tuesday, one of the correspondents on board gave the press
censor a severe shock by suddenly announcing that he was going to send a
message to his paper In code. When the message was handed in, the purser
examined it very carefully and pounced on the words, "We tank."

"Suffering Samuel Johnson," he yelled, " what's this cryptic sentence

The correspondent explained that it was one of his own code words
meaning that the Lusitania was going ahead at high speed. The word
"full" after "tank," he said, would mean that she was going at her top
speed of twenty-five knots.

The weakest part of the great liner was The Cunard Dally Bulletin, which
was so feeble that the printer used to go to sleep setting it up. It
struck the crowd of newspaper men on board that it would be a kindness
to the purser, who was editor as well as press censor, if we took the
labor off his hands and brought out a real live paper, filled with the
little incidents and romances that were happening every minute around
us. When the proposition was put to him Mr. Lancaster stepped back at
least four feet with alarm depicted in his cherub-like countenance and

"Oh, no. One would never know what would happen to one if one allowed
one's work to be taken out of one's hands, would one?"

We thought that it was possible "one would not," judging by the remarks
the owner of the amateur code made daily about the censor.

By noon on Tuesday we had made a run of 575 miles, 1,121 miles from
Queenstown, and all on board felt happy with the idea that the British
flag would once more fly in the van and the colors of the famous
Deutschland would be hauled down. Alas! it was not to be. That night we
had a rough sea and a strong north-northeast wind which whistled
around the promenade deck, but did not rock the ship a little bit.

The pools were auctioned off each night In the smoking room, which
seemed to arouse some of the men on board from their lethargy in the
hope of winning money from their fellow-passengers. The highest pool was
$1,000. and was won by a man who paid $200 for the number.

A slight dispute occurred on Wednesday night over who had bid first for
the low number In the pool for £31, but it was settled by the vote of
those present. The choice paid his money, and the number did not win.
Then the man who was not allowed to buy the ticket bought refreshments
for the crowd with the money he had saved.

About midday on Wednesday, after the run of 570 miles had been put up on
the notice board, the whistle was blown, and as the weather was clear,
we all rushed out on deck to discover the cause. By the aid of powerful
glasses we saw a small steamer about twenty miles ahead right in our
track. The vessel looked so near to the officer from the altitude of
eighty feet on the bridge that he was afraid the Lusitania would run her
down, and a brawny chief from Scotland's shores shouted out over the
bow, "Ship ahoy. Get out of the road, or we'll sink you." Almost before
the excitement had died away we passed her.

On Wednesday night we had a concert in the lounge, with a couple of
speeches, in one of which Senator Sutherland declared that the Lusitania
was more beautiful than Solomon's Temple, and large enough to hold all
his wives and mothers-in-law, while Robert Balfour M. P., spoke of the
ship as another link of friendship between America and England. Senator
Sutherland caused the first laugh that had been raised on the ship
since leaving Queenstown by his speech because he came from Utah, though
not a Mormon.

Fog Again Causes Drop in Speed

Late on Wednesday night we noticed that the speed had increased very
much, and the steamer was slipping through the water at a great rate.
Then at 11:30 P. M. a fog came on and dashed our hopes once more. We
could not make out where the bad luck came from as there were no Jonahs
on board and all hands were kind to "Bill," the ship's big black cat,
which always walked the rounds with the master-at-arms when he went
through the ship at night. Then some one discovered that we were to land
in New York on Friday, the 13th, and lie at the foot of Thirteenth
Street. Then we knew that the record held by the Deutschland for so many
years would not be lowered this trip.

Next day at noon the run of 593 was announced, which was the best since
we started, but it was too late to save us. As we passed Nantucket
Lightship yesterday morning Capt. Watt said he was pleased with the
ship, and satisfied that she had done all that was expected from her,
but he would not speak of what the Lusitania might do in the future.

The canny Scot who had charge of the engines said in an off moment, when
the press censor was not standing by, that we had consumed about 1,000
tons of coal a day, but judging of the trial trip when she used up 45
tons an hour, there in a likelihood that it was nearer 1,100 to 1,200.
All hands on board enjoyed the trip, but there was a general, though
unreasonable, feeling of disappointment that the steamer was not driven
a little more to beat the German steamer's records.

Winners of the Pools

Nowhere was the interest in the day's runs of the Lusitania more keen
than in the smoking room, where the pools were sold. The principal
winners during the four days were Archibald B. White and Henry L
Doherty. They took the low field while most of the passengers were
estimating on record-breaking runs.

On the first day £210 was won by Messrs. White and Doherty. The next
day, by taking the low field against the enthusiasts, who still believed
that the Lusitania would hit above the 600-knot mark for the twenty-four
hours, White and Doherty pocketed £219. They paid only £7 for the low

The third day the bidders began to figure an a 24-knot clip, and so the
high numbers were not in as great demand as on the previous two days.
Doherty, however, got the lucky number and won £150.

The next day, the day of the Lusitania's high run, neither the high nor
the low field won, but this time the lucky holder of the right number
was Ohio C. Barber, who pocketed £184 on the result.

Ten per cent. of the pools went to the seamen's charities, while 10 per
cent. of the remainder went as a sort of consolation purse to the man
holding nearest to the winning number.
First Test on Big Liner Declared Successful---Better Speed Expected
Much of the interest of the passengers on the Lusitania was concentrated
on the great turbine engines of 68,000 horse power, which were driving
the liner toward New York at a speed which varied from 20 to 24 1/2
knots, according to the clearness of the weather.

In a brief interview with a TIMES representative on Tuesday, when the
Lusitania was in mid-ocean, Mr. Duncan, the chief engineer, said that
the turbines had been working splendidly and there had not been the
slightest hitch.

"Had they developed any special qualities?" he was asked yesterday.

"No, because I have known them for some time and knew what they could

"Has the ship done her best yet?"

"Oh, no," he said, "we never expect to get the best results out of a
ship on her maiden trip. When the engineers and stokehold staff get
better acquainted with the engines and boilers we shall achieve far
better results than we have done this trip."

When asked if there was any probability of the Lusitania beating the
record of the Deutschland on another voyage he said:

"Perfectly sure. There's not the slightest doubt of it."

The engine room staff, all told, was 343 men, consisting of 31
engineers, 192 firemen, and 120 coal trimmers. The chief engineer
refused to give out a copy of his log as, he said it was against the
rules of the Cunard Company to do so.

One of the expert engineers who was on board as a guest of the company
said that the Lusitania consumed 1,000 tons of coal when driven at her
top speed of 24 1/2 knots, which was the limit of average speed fixed by
the British Admiralty, and as she had not attained that speed during the
voyage for any length of time he considered that the coal consumption
would work out about 800 tons a day.

With regard to the vibration which was perceptible in all parts of the
ship, especially when she made the longest day's run of 593 miles on
Wednesday, he said that was unavoidable in steamers of such a high rate
of speed. In the first turbine liners, the Victorian and the Virginian
of the Allan Line that crossed the Atlantic the vibration was not felt
because the speed of these vessels did not exceed 17 knots an hour, and
they were very little more than one-third of the size of the Lusitania.
But he thought the vibration would have been much greater had she been
equipped with reciprocating engines.

"The dominant feature of this voyage from an engineering point of view,"
he said, "has been the production of the immense power to drive this
32,000-ton liner through the water at a high rate of speed. Turbines
themselves are comparatively simple things to look after. They don't
small breakdowns. If anything goes wrong, which is always improbable, it
means a big thing. Nothing has gone wrong on this trip.

"What we have had to do particularly has been to watch the supply of
lubricant to the main bearings. A thin coating of oil has to be kept
between the revolving shaft and the bearing itself, and this is done by
means of a tube which automatically supplies cool oil. The water fed to
the boilers has also to be carefully watched."

Vernon H. Brown, who met the Lusitania down the Bay, said that the coal
consumption, so far as he knew, had been between 900 and 1,000 tons a
day, but he could not give out the exact figures. The cost of the coal
is about $3 a ton. He had no doubt that the Lusitania would do better
than she had done this voyage, as in his experience with the Cunard
steamers it had been demonstrated that the engines were never at their
best for the first few voyages. As an example, Mr. Brown said that the
Lucania had made her record trip after 3 years, and the Etruria was ten
years old before she made her record.

Ernest Cunard, one of the Directors of the company, who was a passenger,

"I think that the Lusitania is a wonderful vessel, and has more than
come up to our expectations. The turbines have acted splendidly in every
way. Naturally there was some slight vibration when the ship was being
driven at top speed, but it was nothing like the vibration of
reciprocating engines. The engines have worked without a hitch during
the entire trip.

"No ship ever makes her record passage on her maiden voyage. The
Lusitania averaged 25 1/4 knots on her trial trip for forty-eight hours,
and there is no reason why she should not do better later on. We are
very much pleased from every point of view with the latest addition to
the Cunard fleet."

Capt. J. B. Watt, the commander of the Lusitania, said that he had not
tried to make a record, but was content to bring his ship safely into
port. The engines ran well throughout the voyage, he said, and gave
every satisfaction.

Asked it the engine room would be thrown open to the public for
inspection, Mr. Brown said that the new pier was not completed and there
were no appliances there to coal the ship. This might prevent the
Lusitania being open for inspection until she returned next voyage.
Old Sea Travelers Praise the New Boat's Steadiness
The Lusitania brought 969 cabin passengers and 1,121 in the steerage.

State Senator E. R. Ackerman of New Jersey, one of those aboard, has
made twenty-five round trips across the Atlantic and was on the
Deutschland when she made her record run and on the Etruria and the New
York when they were blue-ribbon winners of the sea. He especially
praised the steadiness of the Lusitania.

"On Tuesday there was a bit of rough weather," he said, "but we only
knew it because of a bulletin posted to that effect."

John H. Starin, ex-Rapid Transit Commissioner, returned from a trip
through France, Belgium, and England. He was met down the bay by Gen.
Howard Carroll. He said the Lusitania was "as stiff as a tree and as
slippery as an eel." Mr. Starin laughingly declared that he had not
studied rapid transit abroad.

Another enthusiast on the subject of the new liner is Robert P. Porter.
This is his eighty-sixth trip across the Atlantic.

"She has not done her best," he said. "She can, I believe, make 625
knots in twenty-four hours and break another record. A slight vibration
was noticeable at her speed trial, but it was found that this was not
caused by her machinery, but by the fact that the structure aft had not
been sufficiently stiffened. This was done, and now there is practically no
vibration. There was not a hitch with the turbines. The matter of coal
consumption is a question open to speculation. The company will not give
out any figures as to the coal consumed.

"The great disappointment to many on board was the fact that the
Lusitania did not break all records. I am certain that she is 'going to
do things.' The fog out of Queenstown and the two hours yesterday
morning caused us a delay, and, of course, that could not be helped."

Another passenger was Robert Balfour, M. P., who first crossed in the
Cunarder Russia in 1869. Mr. Balfour also lived twenty years in
California, and so he considers himself a part American. He said the
Lusitania was like the feeling between this country and England---the

"The Captain, the chief engineer, and the naval constructor are Scotch,
like myself, and so I expect great things from this steamer," he said.

Another who was greatly interested in the performance of the Lusitania
was Ansel Oppenheim, Vice President of the Chicago & Great Western

Senator George Sutherland of Utah, who returns from a brief pleasure
trip abroad, declared that the Lusitania was "as free from vibration and
as steady as it is possible for a ship to be."

Among others aboard the new boat were H. Hartley Dodge and Mrs. Dodge,
Mrs. H. W. Dresser and Mrs. D. Le Roy Dresser, Mr. and Mrs. Robert
Goelet, Mr. and Mrs. Frank L. Higginson, the Rev. Joseph L. McCabe, Mr.
and Mrs. Cyrus H. McCormick of Chicago, George Peabody, Count Ward,
Consul General for Roumania at London; H. N. Harriman, A. J. Taylor,
Percival Tallersfieid, S, H. Lever, and O. C. Barber.

Ernest Fahrenheim, victualing superintendent for the Cunard Line, gave
out these figures on the amount of food consumed by the passengers and
crew: 40,000 eggs, 4,000 .pounds of fresh fish, 2 tons of ham and bacon;
4,000 pounds of coffee, 1,150 pounds of tea, 500 pounds of grapes, 1,000
pineapples, 10,000 oranges and bananas, 1,000 lemons, 30,000 loaves of
bread, 11,870 quarts of milk, 2,675 quarts of cream, and 25,000 pounds
of fresh meat.
16 Arrive on the Lusitania View the City from The Times Tower
A party of sixteen prominent British financial journalists, who arrived
on the Lusitania yesterday, inspected THE NEW YORK TIMES Building
yesterday afternoon, and were much interested in the plant.

They came to this continent as the guests of the Government of Ontario,
Canada, to inspect the mineral and other resources of that province.

As soon as the big boat was docked they were taken in automobiles for a
run about the city, and lunched at the Lotos Club. The things they
particularly wished to see in New York in the very few hours allowed
them before their train for Canada left at 7:30 o'clock last night
included the Brooklyn Bridge, the Bowery, and the Times Building. They
were greatly impressed by the height of the Times Building and amazed at
the view of the city from its roof.

They will go to Cobalt and the Sudbury nickel mines at Sault Ste. Marie
and Copper Cliff to inspect the mines, and on their way back will have
another opportunity to see this city.
Former Record Holder Will Land Her Passengers This Morning
The Cunarder Lucania, which left Queenstown ahead of the Lusitania, was
sighted off Fire Island at 7:20 o'clock last night. This shows that the
Lucania has made a very fast passage.

The Lucania will sail from New York next Wednesday at 2 P. M., instead
of on Saturday as heretofore. The Lusitania is next week's Saturday
vessel. The Lucania will land her passengers about 8 A. M. to-day.
Sentiment Against Contest for Speed---Great Interest In the Lusitania
BERLIN, Sept. 13-The wireless reports of the Lusitania's progress across
the Atlantic have been watched with the keenest interest by the German
public in general and shipping circles in particular, and everybody
breathed more freely this evening when the news came that the record of
the Deutschland had not been broken by the English steamer.
Nevertheless, it is regarded as highly probable by ship owners and
shipbuilders that the Lusitania, when one takes into consideration that
this is her first trip, will win the blue ribbon of the sea at an early

Whether or not the German lines will enter the contest to win back the
record has not yet been settled. The North German Lloyd is the only line
likely to take up the competition, the Hamburg-American Line having long
since decided that great floating palaces of moderate speed pay better
than vessels of the highest speed attainable. The building plans of this
latter line are accordingly based upon this decision.

What course the Directors of the North German Lloyd Line will pursue is
not known. While the German shipyard companies are convinced that the
speed limit with reciprocating engines has not yet been reached, it is
doubtful whether the Lloyd will order a vessel materially exceeding the
Kaiser Wilhelm II in speed, owing to the great proportionate increase in
the cost of operation.

The fact that the Cunard Company enjoys a Government subsidy for the
Lusitania will tend to keep the North German Lloyd out of further
competition, for it receives no subsidy for its lines to New York, and
the German Government could not be induced to grant one merely for the
sake of retaining speed supremacy. The North German Lloyd, however, has
for so long enjoyed the prestige of possessing the fastest boat, barring
one single vessel, the Deutschland, that many persons here think the
company will not surrender its position without a struggle.

If it decided to fight for the blue ribbon it probably will be with a
turbine steamer, but the Lloyd, up to the present time, has regarded
turbines for great oceangoers with much skepticism, and consequently it
probably will want several years to get the full benefit of the
experiences of the Cunard Company before inaugurating so radical a
change in its building plans.
She and Her Daughters May Visit Mrs. Eddy---Mrs. Potter Palmer Home
The Dowager Countess of Dunmore and her two daughters, Lady Victoria
Murray and Lady Muriel Gore Browne, were among the passengers who
arrived on the new Cunarder Lusitania yesterday.

All three were attired in the deepest mourning, as it is only three
weeks since the Earl of Dunmore died somewhat suddenly. The Earl was the
head of the Christian Scientists in England, and many times visited this
country in this connection, his last visit being only a few months
before his death, when he had several interviews with Mrs. Mary Baker

It is expected that the Dowager Countess and her daughters will also pay
a visit to Concord, as they are strong adherents of Mrs. Eddy.

Mrs. Potter Palmer and her son, Potter Palmer, Jr., who also returned on
the Lusitania, were met at Quarantine by Gen. Frederick D. Grant, her
brother-in-law, who went down on the revenue cutter. Mrs. Palmer looked
in very good health, and said she had enjoyed her stay abroad immensely.
When told of the persistent rumor here to the effect that she was to
marry King Peter of Servia, Mrs. Potter said, wearily:

"Oh, dear, what is the use of my keeping on denying, denying, denying,
only to be asked again."
Still Some Chagrin Is Felt Over Her Failure to Beat Everything
LONDON, Sept. 14---There are apparently two views over here of the
performance of the Cunard Line steamer Lusitania; that she broke the
record for the quickest passage from land to land, and that she made the
most speedy maiden voyage across the Atlantic. These views caused great
popular rejoicing, which is voiced and emphasized by almost all the
morning papers.

That the Lusitania failed to achieve what, in spite of all official
denials, it is positively believed she set out to accomplish, seems to
cause chagrin in some quarters. At least one important newspaper says
that to call attention to the great passage of the Lusitania does not
explain away her defeat.

The optimists, however, declare it may be taken for granted that the
blue ribbon of the Atlantic is practically in Great Britain's grasp
again; that the Deutschland had been running nearly a year before she
achieved her best; that the Lusitania had to combat fogs; that it may
confidently be expected that she will lower the Kaiser Wilhelm II's
record for fast steaming and the Deutschland's for the best day's run
before the end of the year, and that against obviously unfavorable
conditions, in which the new liner did not put forth anything like her
full capabilities she has shown her herself [sic] to be the swiftest as
well as the most comfortable vessel afloat.

A telegram was received from Liverpool that the news of the result was
received there with great satisfaction, especially among shipping
Thirteenth Club's Congratulations
The Cunard officials and officers of the Lusitania were too overjoyed at
the record made to attach any significance to the fact that the liner
reached this side on Friday, the 13th, but this did not escape the
notice of the Thirteen Club, which met last night and adopted
resolutions congratulating the line.
The following comparative table will show the difference between the
Lusitania's trip and a record trip of the Deutschland in September,

First day.........417........................... *561
Second day.....571............................ 575
Third day.........578.............................570
Fourth day.......570........................... 593
Fifth day..........583............................481
Sixth day.........335

Total mileage, 3,054...........................Total mileage, 2,780
Average speed, 23.15 knots............... Average speed. 23.01 knots
........................................................*Includes five-mile run to Daunt's Rock.

The record for the longest day's run, 601 knots, was made by the
Deutschland in August, 1900.

Other record runs: Kaiser Wilhelm II, 5 days 11 hours 58 minutes;
average speed 23.58 knots, June 20, 1904; best day's run, 564 miles.
Provence, from Havre, yesterday, 6 days 1 hour 12 minutes; total
distance, 3,140 miles. Lucania, from Queenstown, Oct. 21, 1894, 5 days 7
hours 20 minutes; total distance, 2,784 miles. Deutschland to Plymouth,
Sept. 5, 1900, 5 days 7 hours 38 minutes. St. Paul, from Southampton, 6
days 30 minutes, August, 1896; average speed, 21.08 knots.

DIMENSIONS OF THE LUSITANIA---Length, 790 feet: breadth, 88 feet; depth,
(molded,) 60 feet; gross tonnage, 32,500; displacement tonnage, 45,000;
load draught, 37 feet 8 inches: height of funnels, 24 feet; height of
masts, 216 feet; keel plate, 5 feet wide and 3 3/4 inches thick; coal
bunkers for 7,000 tons of coal; watertight compartments, 175; rivets
used in construction, over 4,000,000; three anchors, weight, 10 tons
each; lifeboats under davits, 18; turbine engines, 70,000 horse power;
crew, 750 men.


Mark Baber

Jul 4, 2000
The New York Times, 15 September 1907

Expected That the Lusitania Would Break All Records
HAMBURG, Sept. 14---The first voyage of the Cunard Line steamship
Lusitania to New York is regarded in German shipping circles as a
disappointment. It had been expected that she would break all records.
The Lusitania's average rate of speed, 23.01 knots, has been exceeded by
two German vessels.

The Kaiser Wilhelm II made an average of 23.58 knots on an eastward
trip, and the Deutschland's record is an average of 23.51 for an
eastward passage. The Deutschland has the best record for a westward
trip, having made 23.15 knots.

The better time is usually made on the eastward voyage. Although it is
said that this was only the Lusitania's maiden voyage, and that it was
not intended to drive her, it is felt here that the great hopes placed
upon her performance were not realized. The German critics add that this
was not the Lusitania's maiden voyage, in the usual sense of the term,
because she had been on trial trips for more than a month, had made a
voyage to Gibraltar and return, and had sailed approximately 3,000 miles
before she started for New York.

Another disappointment, it is further asserted here, was that there was
excessive vibration on the Lusitania, although it had been expected that
the high speed turbine engines would insure freedom from this annoyance.
BREMEN, Sept. 14---At a banquet given to-night aboard the North German
Lloyd steamer Kaiser Wilhelm II, Herr Heineken, a Director of the
company, declared in a speech that the Cunarder Lusitania had not broken
the record held by the North German Lloyd Company, but that the first
trip of such a ship should not be considered decisive.

"If the blue ribbon of the Atlantic goes to England," said Herr
Heineken, "it must be remembered that the reason is to be found in the
bounty paid, and that the competition is not equal. Even if the
Lusitania does win the blue ribbon, the practical value of the victory
is very slight."
Big Liner Won't Be Ready for Her Public Reception Until Wednesday
All Anxious to Inspect the Record Breaker---Lucania Arrives 13 Hours
After New Sister
Stewards were busy on the big turbine steamer Lusitania yesterday
getting things shipshape after her voyage. She is to present her best
appearance when the public gets a chance to look over her on Wednesday:
On that day admission will be by card only.

In the meantime no one will be allowed to inspect her. All day yesterday
there was a crowd viewing her from every point of vantage and clamoring
for admission on the pier. The watchmen at the pier were hard at it
until dark answering questions and trying to explain something of the
Lusitania to sightseers.

The police, who had so much trouble with the crowd on the day she
arrived, sent out this notice through Police Headquarters yesterday:

"No visitors will be allowed an the Lusitania to-morrow, (Sunday.) There
will be a day set this week when visitors will be allowed to go on
To the Editor of The New York Times:

In this morning's issue of THE TIMES Mr. J. P. Meyer, assistant general
manager of the Hamburg-American Line, was quoted as having questioned
official figures of the Cunard Line on the Lusitania's average speed.
Mr. Meyer, by dividing the mileage, 2,780, by 120.9 hours, figured that
the Lusitania made an average speed of 22.994 knots.

The official figures of the Cunard Line differed from Mr. Meyer in that
they give the actual distance logged as 2,782 miles. which, if divided
by 120.9 hours, will give the speed 23.01 knots, as announced

New York, Sept. 14, 1907

[An article about Lucania's arrival has not been transcribed.]


Mark Baber

Jul 4, 2000
MAB Note: This is not exactly how this article appeared in its original
form. An apparently misplace line of type in the eighth paragraph,
enclosed in brackets, has been moved from where an empty set of brackets
appear a few lines later.

The New York Times, 16 September 1907

Cunard Agent, Answering the German Critics, Says She Was Not Forced This
Crowd of Sightseers Hang About Pier 1,500 Invitations Issued for
Reception on Wednesday
Vernon H. Brown, General Manager and Agent of the Cunard Steamship
Company in this country, gave out a statement yesterday in reply to
cable dispatches sent from Hamburg in Saturday quoting the opinions of
shipping men there that the result of the Lusitania's passage was
disappointing. Mr. Brown said that the Cunard Line considered the result
as eminently satisfactory, that the Lusitania had developed all the
speed she was called upon to do, and that it was not intended that she
should be driven to her fastest on this trip.

"Capt. Watt was advised before sailing from Liverpool that, on account
of tidal conditions, it was undesirable to arrive at Sandy Hook Bar
until after daylight on Friday," said Mr. Brown. "On Wednesday before
arrival I sent Capt. Watt a Marconi message stating I would meet the
ship outside the Bar about 8 o'clock on Friday morning, and for the
Captain to be prepared to come in through the new Ambrose Channel at 9
o'clock. The Lusitania arrived off Sandy Hook Lightship at 8:05, and I
boarded the ship shortly after. Promptly at 9 o'clock the I ship started
in through the Channel. No railroad train could have been more exact in
following out its Itinerary than was this ship in following out her

"It may be incidentally remarked." said Mr. Brown, " that on arrival at
her dock the Lusitania had remaining in her bunkers upward of 25 per
cent. of the coal put on board at Liverpool for her westbound voyage,
which it must be admitted is pretty conclusive evidence that she was not
driven for speed. The Lusitania proved herself a remarkably steady ship
and splendid sea boat, and her passengers were most enthusiastic in her:

"The hasty adverse criticisms of our German friends might cause a
suspicion that the wish was father to the thought."

Mr. Brown referred to the fact that the Umbria, Etruria, Campania, and
Lucania did not make their record passages for at least five years after
they were put into service, but he ventured the opinion that in the case
of the Lusitania and Mauritania [sic] "the patience of our German
friends" would be not so severely tried.

Mr. Brown also said that as the new Ambrose Channel was not yet
completed, no ships were allowed to navigate it except between sunrise
and sunset. Had the Lusitania arrived at the bar at 7 o'clock on
Thursday night she would have been forced to wait until 9 o'clock on
Friday morning to go through the channel. Asked if she could not have
entered the harbor by the old Main Ship Channel, Mr. Brown said that
there was enough water for the Lusitania, to come in that way, as she
was only drawing 32 feet, but she was practically 800 feet long and the
old channel was so tortuous that there might have been some difficulty,
so United States Engineers decided to have her open the Ambrose Channel.

Though the public was not admitted on board the Lusitania yesterday, an
enormous and constantly changing crowd kept the open apace about Pier 54
thronged from early morning till dusk. The few favored persons who,
armed with passes, were allowed to board the ship had first to pass a
cordon of policemen, and then show their passes and explain themselves
at the pier gate. Even these passes were of no avail after 4:30 o'clock,
when the gate was closed for the night to all save members of the crew.
Chief Oficer [sic] Melson was in charge of the ship.

A hundred policemen, drafted from the precincts all over the city, were
on duty at the pier, under command of Inspector Russell of the Second
Inspection District [and Capt. Baldwin of the Charles Street] Station.
The police lines extended across Pier 54, along the stringpiece, and
down the whole length of Pier 55, [] on the side toward the Lusitania,
thus allowing the crowd to occupy the centre of Pier 55, where a good
broadside view of the enormous vessel could be obtained.

The sightseers, a typical Sunday crowd, preserved perfect order. Fruit
and lemonade stands were erected along Tenth Avenue near the pier at an
early hour. The Fourteenth Street crosstown line soon brought an
abundance of customers to the keepers of the stands. But the most
profitable business of the day seemed to be the sale of little couvenir
[sic] flags of the ship. Every object in sight on the ship was subjected
to scrutiny and comment and guesses as to its size. The diameter of the
smokestacks was variously estimated at that of the McAdoo tunnel and at
a yard and a half. The larger estimates were nearer to the truth.

No visitors will be admitted on board to-day, and only a few to-morrow.
The public inspection will take place on Wednesday. Nearly 1,500
invitations have been issued by the company for that day and careful
preparations have been made to handle the guests. The ship's crew will
be so placed as to direct the incoming guests in a regular route through
the vessel.

Entrance will be made by the second-cabin gangway. Thence the way will
lead through the dining saloon and restaurant, the regal suites, and out
on deck. Thence aft through the smoking and lounging rooms to the
bridge. Visitors will leave the ship by the after gangway.

The officers of the company yesterday expressed their regret that the
ship is not tied up at a two-decked pier, where larger crowds could be
accommodated, and where even those who could not obtain passes would
have a better view. Announcement was made that some visitors would be
received on Thursday and that on the ship's second trip other visiting
days would be declared, to oblige those for whom the company could not
provide passes this week.


Mark Baber

Jul 4, 2000
The New York Times, 17 September 1907

More Than 5,000 Additional Tickets Issued for To-morrow
The notice issued by the Cunard Company on Saturday that their new liner
Lusitania would be open for inspection by ticket to-morrow resulted in
hundreds of applications being sent in by mail, and thousands of people
called yesterday at the office in State Street from 9 o'clock in the
morning until late in the afternoon, when a notice was posted that no
more tickets could be issued, and those who had not succeeded in getting
them would have an opportunity of seeing the steamer on her next trip.

The line of waiting applicants at noon yesterday extended from the
office steps out into State Street and well up toward the new Custom
House, at Bowling Green. By 1 o'clock more than 5,000 invitations had
been issued over the counter for Wednesday's inspection. These did not
include those sent out by mail during the day and the 1,500 sent out on

About 2,000 tickets have been issued for Thursday, and that will end the
public inspection of the Lusitania until she arrives on her next voyage.

Vernon H. Brown, general manager and agent of the Cunard Company in
America, has issued invitations for a private inspection of the
Lusitania at 12 o'clock to-day, to which about 300 guests have been
invited. After an informal luncheon, served in the main dining saloon,
the guests will make a tour of the ship and see the suites of rooms, the
elevators, the palm embowered verandas on the upper deck, the wonderful
turbine engine room, and last, but not least, the well-arranged dining
rooms, kitchens, and arrangements for serving meals in the various
saloons, which are presided over by Ernest Fahrenheim, the head of the
catering department of the Cunard Company, who has made the initial trip
on the Lusitania to watch the working of the new methods of serving

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