News from 1907 White Star Moves to Southampton


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[MAB Notes: 1. This is the first in a series of irregularly-timed articles detailing White Star's moving its principal express service from Liverpool to Southampton. 2. Although she was the largest of White Star's turn-of-the-twentieth-century Big Four, Adriatic was the only one of the four that was never the largest ship in the world, despite what several of these articles say; Kaiserin Auguste Victoria (Hapag) was older and larger.]

The New York Times, 7 January 1907

NEW WHITE STAR SERVICE TO TAP CHERBOURG TRADE
---
Adriatic, Biggest Ship Yet Built, to Start It in May
---
SHE WILL CARRY 3,000 SOULS
---
And Have a Turkish Bath, Plunge, and Orchestra Aboard---Line to
Liverpool to Stay.
---
With the putting in commission next May of its new steamship Adriatic,
which will be not only the largest steamship in service anywhere in the
world, but the finest product of marine architecture yet designed, the
White Star Line announced yesterday the inauguration at that time of a
new line between New York and ports in the English Channel. The line has
decided to improve its facilities by transferring the British terminal
of its Wednesday mail service to Southampton, the eastbound steamers
calling at Plymouth and Cherbourg, and westbound ships at Cherbourg and
Queenstown. This new line will be known as the United States and Royal
Mail Service.

This does not mean that the regular Wednesday sailings between New York
and Liverpool, via Queenstown, are to be discontinued. The sailing day
for this route will be changed to Thursday and will be maintained by the
steamers Baltic, Cedric, Celtic, and Arabic.

The Channel service will be opened by the new Adriatic, which is to sail
from Liverpool on her maiden voyage an May 8 and will sail from this
side on May 22. Besides the 25,000-ton Adriatic, the new service will
include the steamers Oceanic, Teutonic, and Majestic. In establishing
the new route, the White Star Line was influenced not only by the
growing popularity of the Channel ports as a convenient and comfortable
route by which the traveler may reach London and Paris, the objective
points of a large majority of transatlantic travelers, but also to a
great extent by recommendations from many thousands of its patrons in
America who have come to look with favor on the Channel route.

The new line means that the steamers of the White Star Line will touch
at nearly all of the great tourist ports of Europe. The New
York-Mediterranean service will be kept up by the steamers Republic and
Cretic, while the fortnightly service between Boston and Liverpool will
be maintained by the Cymric and the Republic. The International
Mercantile Marine Company, of which the White Star Line is a subsidiary
company, has materially strengthened its European connections by the new
departure.

When the new Adriatic is turned over to the company by the builders,
Harland & Wolff of Belfast, in April, she will mark a new epoch in
transatlantic travel. Not only does she combine in hull and engines
every improvement and every invention---with the exception of
turbines---which have been devised for the safety of vessels and the
comfort of the oceangoing traveler, but in every detail she is the
combined result of the experience of the managers and the builders. For
her interior decorations the line will employ the most famous
decorators, outfitters, and upholsterers of Europe.

The newest of all new features to be introduced in other respects is
well-equipped Turkish baths. which will vie with the finest
establishments of the kind ashore. There will be, in addition to the
hot, temperate. and cooling rooms, a large plunge bath and an electric
bath. Another innovation is the introduction of an orchestra, the first
ever placed on an Atlantic British passenger-carrying steamer.

The German lines were the first to furnish music for the entertainment
of their passengers. The Red Star Line to Antwerp followed suit. and
then the French Line. The French Line, however, made a step in advance,
for, while the other lines selected a band from among their own
stewards, the French line placed on its vessels orchestras from the
hotels of Paris.

The Adriatic is 725 feet long, 75 feet 6 inches beam, and about 50 feet
deep. Her gross tonnage is 25,000 and her displacement over 40,000 tons
She has nine steel decks, and is divided into twelve watertight
compartments. The total number of steel plates used in her hull is
about 20,000 and the rivets are estimated at nearly two million and a
half. Her cables are three and three-eighths inches in diameter, and
weigh nearly ninety tons, and her anchors weigh about eight tons each.

The general arrangements of the ship are similar to those of the Baltic
and other vessels of that type. The first-class dining room will seat
370 persons. It is to be paneled in the fashion of Charles II and
painted in ivory white and gold. Over the middle of the room will be a
dome made with leaded glass of white and yellow, and under the dome will
be paintings of scenes in Switzerland, Italy, Yellowstone Park, and the
Rhine country. The same scheme of decoration has been carried out in the
second-cabin saloon, though less elaborately.

When filled the Adriatic will have on board 3,000 souls. She will be
fitted with Marconi wireless and a submarine signaling apparatus.

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[MAB Note: Notwithstanding the mention of Cunard in this article, Cunard's principal service did not move from Liverpool to Southampton until after World War I.]

The New York Times, 8 January 1907

WHITE STAR LINE AFTER CONTINENTAL TRAFFIC
---
Service to Channel Ports Also to be Installed by Cunard Line
---
WILL RIVAL GERMAN BOATS
---
Mails to Two-thirds of England and All Scotland and Ireland Will Be
Delayed by This Action
---
The announcement of the White Star Line that the company intends to
establish a line of steamships between New York and Channel ports was
widely discussed in shipping circles yesterday. This action, it is said,
was forced by the fact that the Cunard Line has had the same plan under
consideration, and it is simply a question of a short time when that
line will also enter the competition for Continental traffic. In view of
the great tide of American tourist traffic pouring into France, which
each year grows larger, the advantage of having Liverpool for a landing
place each year becomes less.

When the new Cunard turbines Mauritania and Lusitania are put into
commission this year, it is believed that the Cunard people will
establish a line to Channel ports, stopping at Plymouth, Cherbourg, and
Southampton. The effect of this move will be far reaching, for it will
mean that the two British lines, long rivals at Liverpool, will attempt
to take away from the German lines the cream of the Continental traffic,
which they have been gradually absorbing. The rivalry at present is
between the North German Lloyd and the Hamburg-American Line, and though
there is a working agreement between them, both have exerted every
effort to capture the best part of the Channel trade.

Now, with both British lines putting their finest vessels into the new
service, things will change. It will mean a reduction in the receipts of
the German lines as well as of the American and French lines, and they
must do something. The North German Lloyd Line will soon put in
commission its new steamship Kronprinzessin Cecilie, which is capable of
making twenty-four knots, it is said, and a worthy rival of the Adriatic
of the White Star Line and the new Cunard Line turbines.

How the Hamburg-American Line will meet the new condition is a matter
of conjecture. It has been experimenting with turbines in Germany, and
it is asserted that it has found a system which will equal if not
surpass the Parsons turbines. Rumor has it that the next vessel added to
the Hamburg line will be equipped with turbine engines, be lighter of
hull, and capable of great speed.

At the offices of the Cunard Line, the White Star Line move was talked
over yesterday. Vernon H. Brown, the American agent of the Cunard Line,
would not discuss the intended move of his company. It was said that the
news of such a change must come from the home office of the company in
Liverpool.

A representative of one of the German lines said:

"The question of any intended more on the part of the Cunard Line is
complicated by the fact that the British Government lent the money for
the construction of its two best vessels, and I do not think it will
allow the company to abandon the Liverpool route. Besides, there is the
mail contract to consider."

The Continental competition promises to be keen. With the advent of the
best British liners into the Channel service, the interest in Atlantic
records will increase.
**********
LONDON, Jan. 7---The decision of the White Star Line to remove part of
its service from Liverpool to Southampton is considered to be a
significant and far-reaching movement on the part of the British lines
to regain control of the passenger traffic to and from the Continent.

It is generally considered to be preliminary to similar action on the
part of other British lines, particularly the Cunard Line. In answer to
an inquiry at the Cunard offices this evening a representative of The
Associated Press was officially informed that though no immediate
changes were expected, the Directors of the company have had the matter
under consideration for a long time, and that it is simply a question of
time when the line will avail itself of the facilities offered by
Channel ports.

There was an unconfirmed rumor in Liverpool to-night that two other
lines contemplated transferring some of their steamers to other ports.
Southampton already is preparing to make heavy expenditures, including
the construction of docks capable of receiving the largest liners at any
stage of the tide.

Another feature of the proposed change which is arousing strong feeling
is the effect on the arrival of the American mails. It is contended that
the mails will be greatly delayed by the adoption of the Southampton
route. At the monthly meeting of the Urban Council of Queenstown, held
to-day, this aspect of the change was strongly criticised, and it was
pointed out that to send the malls to Southampton would inconvenience
two-thirds of the business people of England and the whole of Scotland
and Ireland.

A committee of the Council was appointed to consider the whole matter,
and this committee will co-operate with other public bodies in the
United Kingdom.

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The New York Times, 10 January 1907

ROUSED BY WHITE STAR LINE
---
Liverpool and Queenstown Protest Against Change to Southampton
---
LIVERPOOL, Jan. 9---Because of the strong feeling aroused locally by the
statement that the White Star Line purposed to divert its steamers to
Southampton, and the probable consequent injury to the interests of
Liverpool, the White Star Company issued an official statement to-night
disclaiming any hostility to any other company in diverting its steamers
to Southampton, and reiterating that it is actuated in this step by no
motives or reasons that have no already been explained.
----------
CORK, Jan. 9---The Harbor Commissioners, in meeting here to-day, passed
a resolution calling upon the entire body of the Irish Members of
Parliament to oppose any withdrawal of the American mail service from
Queenstown and urging all railroad companies and public bodies to
co-operate in resisting this withdrawal.

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The New York Times, 8 March 1907

IRISH M. P.'S PROTEST
---
Want White Star Liners to Continue Calling at Queenstown
---
LONDON, March 7---The Postmaster General, Mr. Buxton, to-day received an
influential deputation of Irish members of Parliament and
representatives of the commerce of Ireland and the North of England, who
called on him regarding the proposed change of the calling port of the
White Star Line steamers from Queenstown to Plymouth on their homeward
journey.

Mr. Buxton expressed his sympathy with the members of the deputation,
who were opposed to the change, and promised that if he could do so
diplomatically he would make representations on the subject to the
United States Government. He pointed out, however, that the Postmaster
General had no control over the homeward mails. The matter rested
entirely in the hands of the American Government, through the latter had
no definite arrangement with the White Star Line, which would enable it
to influence the company as regarded its ports of call.

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[MAB Notes: 1. There's a wonderful portrait of Cameron here. 2.
Cameron was not officially White Star's "commodore," as that title was
not used between Hamilton Perry's resignation in 1887 and Bertram
Hayes' appointment in 1922. 3. I know this article also appears in
the Cameron thread where the portrait appears, but I felt it fit here,
too.]

The New York Times, 22 March 1907

CAPT. CAMERON TO QUIT SEA
---
Veteran Commander of the Oceanic Has Been a Sailor 38 Years
---
After thirty-four years' service with the White Star Line, Capt. John G.
[sic; should be "G"] Cameron, Commodore of the fleet, is to retire from
active sea duty and become the company's Superintendent at Southampton,
at the inauguration of the new Royal Mail Service of the White Star Line
between that port and New York City. Capt. Cameron will end his
sea-going service when his present command, the steamer Oceanic, which
arrived yesterday, again reaches Liverpool.

Capt Cameron was born in Liverpool 54 years ago. He went to sea when he
was 16 years old. He entered the employ of the White Star Line as chief
officer on the Ring Dove, a bark sailing from Liverpool to Valparaiso,
and rose steadily to his present high place. As Commodore he took the
Oceanic when she came out, and at that time she was the largest
steamship afloat.

The skipper of the Oceanic is wearing a magnificent gold watch presented
to him by the President of the United States in recognition of his
services while Captain of the Teutonic in saving the crew of the
American schooner Josie Reeves off Fire Island in the blizzard of Feb.
8, 1895.

Capt. Cameron has been twenty-five years a commander on the sea. He is
married and lives near Liverpool.

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The New York Times, 9 May 1907

ADRIATIC'S MAIDEN VOYAGE
---
Great New White Star Liner Leaves Liverpool for New York
---
LIVERPOOL, May 8---The White Star Line steamer Adriatic left here to-day
for New York.

The Adriatic was launched at Belfast last September. She has and
overall length of 725 feet and a gross tonnage of 25,000. She has
spacious accommodations for about 3,000 passengers, besides quarters for
a crew of about 350 men. Many unique features have been introduced in
the passenger accommodations of the vessel, and the builders say she is
unrivaled in her class. She cost $3,750,000.

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The New York Times, 10 May 1907

3,000 ON THE ADRIATIC
---
Bruce Ismay, Bourke Cockran, and R. W. Perks Among the Passengers
---
QUEENSTOWN, May 9---The White Star Line steamer Adriatic, which left
Liverpool yesterday on her maiden voyage sailed from here to-day for New
York with nearly 3,000 person [sic] on board. Every berth was occupied
and a number of steerage passengers who were waiting here to embark on
the new steamer were shut out. Among the passengers are J. Bruce Ismay,
President of the International Mercantile Marine Company, Congressman W.
Bourke Cockran, and Robert W. Perks, M. P., a prominent English
Methodist. Mr. Perks is going to the United States to discuss with the
Methodists of America and Canada the project for the establishment of a
worldwide Methodist Brotherhood for the promotion of emigration,
employment, savings banks, and old-age pensions among Methodists.

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The New York Times, 12 May 1907

STRIKE DIDN'T HALT ATLANTIC LINERS
---
[This is the last paragraph of a long, and otherwise irrelevant for present purposes, article about an ongoing longshoremen's strike.]

That the International Mercantile Marine does not anticipate an early
settlement of the strike was evidenced yesterday, when the White Star
Line, one of the constituent companies in the combine, sent out cards
recalling the invitations to the dinner that was to have been held on
board the new liner Adriatic on the 17th. The Adriatic, which is the
largest vessel afloat, is on the way to New York, and is expected to
pass in Sandy Hook early next Thursday morning. The company gives as
its reason for recalling the invitations to the dinner "the unsettled
labor conditions."

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[MAB Notes: 1. For anyone interested, the NYT report of Adriatic's maiden New York arrival, not reproduced in this thread, appears here. 2. At the time this article was written, New York was almost three weeks into a longshoremen's strike, referred to in this article. 3. The last four paragraphs of this article, detailing passenger arrivals on two other liners have not been transcribed, nor has a separate article about Alfred G. Vanderbilt's sailing on Adriatic to attend the International Horse Show in London.]

The New York Times, 22 May 1907

ADRIATIC TO SAIL TO-DAY
---
Biggest Liner's Cabins Full on Her First Voyage Eastward
---
With her saloon apartments filled, the White Star liner Adriatic,
biggest and newest of transatlantic liners at present in commission,
will sail for Southampton on her first eastward passage of the Atlantic
at 1 o'clock this afternoon. Capt. Smith of the liner and his staff
officers believe that she will perform even better on this voyage than
she did on her maiden westward effort, which ended at New York on last
Thursday afternoon.

Owing to the strike of the longshoremen, it is said that the Adriatic
will sail with much of the cargo that she brought over with her still in
her hold. She is expected to reach Southampton early next Thursday
morning. The sailing of the Adriatic marks the inauguration of the White
Star Line's new New York-Southampton weekly service. The other vessels
that have been transferred to this service are the Oceanic, Teutonic,
and Majestic.

Joseph H. Choate, ex-Ambassador to Great Britain, who is to head the
American delegation to The Hague Peace Conference, is one of the
passengers booked to sail on the Adriatic. He will be accompanied by
Mrs. and Miss Choate.

J. Bruce Ismay, President of the International Mercantile Marine, who
arrived on the Adriatic last week, will also sail on the new liner, as
will Sir Caspar Purdon Clarke. Sir Purdon is going on his annual
European vacation, but will find time, while in Europe, to be on the
lookout for desirable acquisitions for the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Mrs. Levi Z. Leiter , mother-in-law of Lord Curzon and mother of the
Countess of Suffolk, is another passenger. She is going on her annual
visit to her daughter and Lord Curzon.

Others who will sail an the Adriatic are: Col. George Harvey, Col. and
Mrs. William Jay, Col. William Cary Sanger, ex-Assistant Secretary of
War; Mr. and Mrs. Adrian Iselin and the Misses Iselin, Mr. and Mrs. W.
M. Baldwin, Mr. and Mrs. Herbert Appleton, Lord Terence Browne, Mrs.
Walter Brooks, Sir Charles and Lady Campbell, Mrs. Case Canfield and the
Misses Canfield, Mrs. James Carstairs, J. W. Corcoran, Mr. and Mrs.
George H. Coutts, Mr. and Mrs. Joseph B. Dickson, Norman Dodge, F. A
Duneka, Mr. and Mrs. George F. Dunscombe, Mr. and Mrs. W. M. Elkins, Mr.
and Mrs. James Elverson, Mrs. Richardson Clover, wife of Capt. Clover,
U. S. N.

Mrs Jonathan S. Ely, Mrs. C. L. Goddard, Miss Goddard, Mrs. M. P. Grace,
Mrs. Kate Smith Hanna, Mr. and Mrs. A. D. Juliliard, Charles L.
Knoedler, Joseph O. Minott, the Rev. Dr. Henry Mottet, Mr. and Mrs. J.
H. Oliphant, Mr. and Mrs. Louis Ralston, Mrs. T. J. Oakley Rhinelander,
H. L. Story, Vicomte and Vicomtesse de Tristan, Mr. and Mrs. W. S.
Tyler. Mr. and Mrs. George Gray Ward, Mr. and Mrs. Charles L. A.
Whitney, and Col. C. E. Wood.

***

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The New York Times, 23 May 1907

SEAMEN'S STRIKE ABROAD
---
Trouble in France, Germany and England---Strike on the Oceanic
---
HAVRE, May 22---Four hundred sailors to-day voted in favor of a general
strike, to be declared later by the National Committee of the Deep Sea
Sailors' Union
------
HAMBURG, May 22---The strike declared here yesterday by the German
Seamen's Union is without public sympathy because of the suddenness of
the decision, which was taken without awaiting the results of the
demands sent as an ultimatum to the Shipowners' Association on May 20,
the principal feature of which was an increase from 10 to 12 ½ cents per
hour for overtime work.

Without awaiting a reply, the union circulated a handbill calling on the
seamen to refuse to take service on Hamburg or Altona vessels.
---
LIVERPOOL, May 22---The projected move of the White Star Line to
Southampton is responsible for a dispute between seamen and firemen and
the company which threatens to spread. A hundred men belonging to the
Oceanic refused to sail to-day unless their railroad fares from
Southampton to Liverpool were guaranteed to them, as the Oceanic on her
return trip is to end her voyage at Southampton. The company declined
the men's demand, but informed them that if, after two voyages, they did
not wish to remain in the Southampton trade, they would be sent back to
Liverpool free of expense. The men refused the offer and struck for
$2.50 a month increase in wages.

The officials of the company, who say the Liverpool mailboat wages are
already the highest in the United Kingdom, refused to grant the
increase, and later obtained all the men necessary to fill the places of
the strikers, who are nearly all members of the Sailors' and Firemen's
Union.

The officials of the general union say that they do not desire a general
strike, but that they are in a strong financial position and are ready
for action if they are forced to begin a fight with the company.

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The New York Times, 27 May 1907

GERMAN SHIPS TO LIVERPOOL
---
Hamburg-American Line to Establish a Service from New York
---
LIVERPOOL, May 26---The Hamburg-American Steamship Company has
definitely decided to establish a direct service between Liverpool and
New York. Other developments are expected to follow this move.

Herr Ballin, Director General of the Hamburg-American Line, has
appointed the Messrs. MacIver, Liverpool ship owners, as the company's
agents. This firm has for a long time been connected with the Cunard
Line.

The move of the Hamburg-American Line is considered to be an offset to
the competition of the White Star Line at Southampton and may have an
important bearing on the plans of the Cunard Company.

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[MAB Note: In addition to this article, there appeared on the same date an unadorned mention that Adriatic had arrived at Plymouth the day before. This marked White Star's first call there, one which remained a standard for inbound ships on the Southampton service until World War I began]

The New York Times, 30 May 1907

BACK FROM AFRICAN WILDS
---
Mr. and Mrs. Fleischmann Found Good Hunting in Uganda
---
The big White Star liner Oceanic arrived last night after a quick
passage from Liverpool with almost a new crew. The old crew struck on
the day of sailing because they wanted the assurance that their railroad
fares between Liverpool and Southampton would be paid. On her return
the Oceanic enters the Southampton service.

The seamen anticipated being at Southampton on their return trip, and
wished the company to reimburse them for the cost of their fare to
Liverpool. The company refused to make such an agreement, but informed
them that if, after two trips, they were dissatisfied, they would be
sent from Southampton to Liverpool at the expense of the White Star
Line. According to Capt. Haddock, the new men did satisfactory work and
the vessel sailed from the other side on time.

Among those on the Oceanic were Mr. and Mrs. M. C. Fleischmann of
Cincinnati, who are returning from a hunting trip to East Africa. Mr.
and Mrs. Fleischmann made a trip to the arctic region last year, and
after their return stayed but a few months when they started after big
game in Africa. They bring home a live wildcat and many other trophies
of the hunt.

They sailed here early in the year and went direct by steamer from
England to Mombassa. There they organized their expedition to go into
the wilds of Uganda. Only Mr. Fleischmann's white servant accompanied
them. The party comprised about fifteen natives for each white member
and two mules for every native.

"We had good luck," said Mr. Fleischmann, in speaking of the trip. "The
natives behaved well, and the game was plenty. My wife did not shoot,
though she went along and lived in the camps we established from time to
time. To-morrow we will return to Cincinnati, but I have already in my
mind another good hunting trip."

Seven Central Office detectives were waiting 11-year-old Marion De
Sousa, the son of Detective John De Sousa of Chicago. The lad wanted to
know whether he was being arrested, but the officers assured him that
his father had asked them to see that he got the train for Chicago and
that hey were going to do so. The boy was indignant. "Father must
think I can't take care of myself," he said.

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The New York Times, 31 May 1907

SOUTHAMPTON EN FETE
---
Arrival of Adriatic Inaugurates the New White Star Service
---
SOUTHAMPTON, May 30---The City of Southampton was in holiday attire
to-day in honor of the arrival here of the White Star liner Adriatic,
from New York May 22, which inaugurated the new White Star service
between Southampton and New York.

Business and private houses were profusely decorated with bunting, and
the Mayor and Corporation, the officials of the Harbor Board, and other
prominent persons went out on a special tender to meet the Adriatic off
Cowes, Isle of Wight.

The Adriatic arrived at 7:45 P. M. and received a great ovation.
Excursion steamers were crowded and there was a great assemblage of the
populace on shore. Guns and rockets announced the coming in of the
steamer.

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The New York Times, 3 June 1907

LINER OCEANIC AFIRE AT HER PIER
---
Stubborn Blaze Breaks Out Shortly Before 2 o'Clock This Morning
---
STARTED IN STEERAGE
---
Firemen and Fireboats Are Called---Under Control at 2:45 A. M. Damage
$10,000
---
Shortly before 2 o'clock this morning fire was discovered in the
steerage of the White Star liner Oceanic, which was docked at the foot
of West Eleventh street. Officers and members of the crew of the
steamboat being unable to cope with the blaze with water obtained from
the pier, sent in an alarm.

When the fire apparatus arrived lines of hose were stretched from West
Street and two fireboats started to work. The blaze proved to be a
stubborn one.

Officials who were summoned to the pier said while the firemen were at
work that they could not determine whether or not the steamship would be
able to sail next Wednesday, when scheduled to do so.

The fire was discovered by one of the crew who in going aft found smoke
pouring out of the steerage section. He at once sounded an alarm, and
Capt. Haddock had the men called to quarters to fight the fire. The fire
hose and apparatus were soon gotten out and lines of hose laid across
the decks.

In the meantime an alarm of fire had been sent in, and in addition to
the land fire fighting force, the fireboat McClellan was soon alongside
pouring water into the ship. By this time it was evident that the blaze
was getting a hold between decks, and a dense volume of smoke was
pouring from hatches, companionways, and port holes.

The officials of the company took immediate steps to prevent the spread
of the fire to the pier, where much valuable cargo was stored. Men were
set to work to get the bales of goods and cases away from that part of
the pier near the stern of the vessel. A guard was placed at the street
entrance to the pier to see that no one but the fire fighters could get
down the pier.

Owing to the longshore strike and the fact that the new men have been
slow in handling freight there was much freight on the pier.

At 2:45 A. M. the fire was said to be under control, though a large
volume of smoke was still pouring from the big vessel. The loss, it was
stated, would probably be about $10,000 and the Oceanic would be delayed
several days in sailing.

There was tied up at the Bermuda line pier, just south of the White Star
line one of their ships, and while no attempt was made to got her away
the men stood by ready to take their vessel out into the stream at the
first signs of danger.

The fire started on the starboard side of the steerage quarter on the
orlop deck and it was confined to that section of the vessel.
Practically all that section of the steerage quarter was gutted. The
principal loss was by water.

The officials of the International Mercantile Marine Co. which owns the
White Star Line, will begin an Investigation to-day to discover the
cause of the fire. It is said that it was not caused by defective
insulation of electric light wires.

There was some cargo stored on the orlop deck which was also damaged.

The Oceanic arrived Wednesday night from Liverpool and Queenstown. She
brought many prominent cabin passengers and a large steerage. There were
no passengers on board at the time of the fire, as the steerage
passengers were taken to Ellis Island on the day after her arrival. The
cause of the fire was not known early this morning. So far as is known
no one was injured.

The Oceanic has had an unlucky voyage to this port. She is due to sail
next Wednesday for Southampton instead of Liverpool. When it became
known in Liverpool that her sailing port was changed many of the men
went to the company and demanded that they be assured that their
railroad fare would he paid from Southampton to Liverpool so that they
could return to their homes when the vessel again reached England. The
company refused, but assured them that if after three or four trips they
were still dissatisfied, they would guarantee to pay the fare of those
who did not wish to remain with her back to Liverpool. The men refused
the terms and the day before she left Liverpool more than half of her
stokehole force and many stewards quit. In consequence the Oceanic came
here with almost a scrub crew.

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Mark Baber

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The New York Times, 6 June 1907

SEAMEN TO RESUME WORK
---
Delegates of French Sailors Vote to End Strike Today
---
PARIS, June 5---The National Committee of the Seamen's Union at its
session in Marseilles voted to-night in favor of returning to work
to-morrow. This decision was at once telegraphed to all ports, but it
is not certain that it will meet with prompt obedience. The Bordeaux
strikers have already refused to go back to work at once, although there
is reason to believe that they will report on board their vessels on
Friday.

At some of the Southern ports several incipient riots were reported.
The strikers of Cherbourg this afternoon unsuccessfully attempted to
prevent the departure of the tenders sent off to meet the Transatlantic
steamers.

The French Transatlantic Line announced to-day that a full crew had been
secured for La Provence, insuring her sailing to-morrow for New York.

Thanks to strict precautions taken by the police at Cherbourg to prevent
interference on the part of the striking seamen, the steamers
Pennsylvania, Kronprinz Wilhelm, Adriatic, Teutonic, and Deutschland
disembarked their passengers at that port to-day and proceeded without
incident.
----------
SOUTHAMPTON, June 5---The White Star Line steamer Adriatic, which sailed
from here at about 1 o'clock this afternoon for New York on her first
Western trip from Southampton, was given an enthusiastic send-off, many
craft crowded with sightseers accompanying her down Southampton Water.
She took 750 emigrants who were stranded at French ports owing to the
strike of seamen in France.

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Mark Baber

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This series is, I think, now at an end. Adriatic has made White Star's first Southampton arrival and departure, and the initial sailing of the other three ships on that service---Oceanic II, Teutonic and Majestic II--seem not to have garnered any publicity in The New York Times other than run-of-the-mill entries in the shipping columns.
 
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