>>wow.....12 tugs to berth the olympic....the White Star Line probably wasn't happy with that expense<<
I just read a chapter in a Time/Life book called "The Great Liners" about the mis-adventures of the Vaterland. Apparently, her maiden voyage arrival and departure at New York was veritable commedy of errors. The ship was grounded on a bud bank coming in, and according to the New York Times, a flotilla of 25 tugs was unable to dislodge her. Other papers said there were 50 tugs! (unlikey, I think), but you get the idea. Keep in mind that the Olympic was 50% larger in tonnage than any previous vessel in history, and represented an unprecedented jump in size. The cost of the tugs was probably considered reasonable when compared to the numerous ways of sustaining expensive damage either to Olympic herself, or to some other hapless minow that got in her way.
Actually, one of those same tugs was nearly cut in half by Olympic's screws, (the O.L. Hallenback??? or something). The tug company tried to sue White Star, but they settled out of court.
I can't think of any other jump in tonnage that was as extreme as that between the "Lusitanias" and the Olympic, save for the Great Eastern, (and that was a REALLY big jump!) -Rob H.