Hi all, Thomas: I understand what you're saying but to me it's a petty argument. That's like saying "that house down the road looks like it's on fire but I haven't seen any of the neighbours who live closer to it trying to raise an alarm, so I won't take the time to go down and check everything is alright". It would have been simple - so very simple - to rouse the wireless operator on board the Californian and at least attempt to contact her by wireless. As I said, Evans may not have needed to contact the ship, he might well have heard the distress calls coming from the Titanic before he had a chance to. Instead they make some half-hearted attempts at contacting her via morse lamp. It would have been quicker, easier and simpler to try the wireless first. Jim: Thank you for your response. As you said it's a rather lengthy reply but i'll try to address it as best I can. First off, I can understand that a ship, even in 1912, fired rockets for different reasons. But I have a tougher time contemplating it when you consider that this was in the middle of the night, in the middle of the North Atlantic ocean. Surely the officers on the Californian must have realised that the rockets were meant to be noticed by themselves, because aside from the two ships, there was apparently no other living soul for miles in any direction. Why would the ship they were seeing be firing rockets that only they could see? Seems a rather strange amusement. So it doesn't matter whether it's a distress call or somebody's birthday party which is going off with a "bang" at midnight. It was meant to gain attention and it DID gain attention. Did they really think that any shipping line would be so incompetent as to allow their vessel to run out of coal hundreds of miles from the nearest shore, or that the vessel was having a Bismarck-like moment with a jammed or lost rudder? Possible, but unlikely. In fact, I don't recall hearing any suggestion even from the men on board the Californian that they had considered possibilities such as these. As i've mentioned previously, there was apparently no other vessels in the vicinity, so the appearance that the ship was at first listing and then moving away would have been an optical illusion based on the positions of the lights and, as you mention, reflection. The Titanic was not at a standstill even after striking the iceberg so her movements would have been accentuated from miles away, especially once the bow section went underwater. There was also no moon which would not have helped. It also helps explain why it appeared that the rockets were actually coming from further away. Regarding the wireless operator and other attempts to contact the ship, please see my response to Thomas as it is much the same. Regarding your three options, the third is the obvious one. Once the Californian moved in the general direction of the stricken vessel it would have been clear where the trouble was coming from. Now let me state once again that this is not intended to be an accusation against Lord or his men, I am not falling into that category. I believe they acted as best they saw fit at the time and we (and I) have the benefit of historical hindsight. But there is absolutely, unquestionably, room for criticism of their actions that night and in my humble opinion they could have tried much harder, and done much more than they did. Adam.