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The Lives and Deaths of Ships

Discussion in 'The Lives and Deaths of Ships' started by Mark Baber, Jan 1, 2008.

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  1. Mark Baber

    Mark Baber Moderator Member

    On 20 April 1920 the Admiralty announced its intention to scrap Teutonic, which it purchased from White Star in 1915, if no other purchaser was found. None was, so the ship was broken up at Emden in 1921.

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    On 22 April 1927 Albertic made her first White Star voyage, from Liverpool to Québec and Montréal.

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    On 23 April 1911 Pacific Mail's Asia (ex-Doric I, pictured on 10 March) was wrecked in fog near Wenchow, China. Her passengers were rescued, but the ship was looted and then burned by local fishermen.
     
  2. Mark Baber

    Mark Baber Moderator Member

    On 24 April 1903 the Leyland Line's Victorian made her first sailing under White Star management, Liverpool-New York. Although remaining in Leyland's ownership, she wore White Star livery until 1910 and was then repainted in Leyland livery.

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  3. Mark Baber

    Mark Baber Moderator Member

    On 25 April 1911 the tender Nomadic II (yard number 422) was launched at Harland & Wolff, Belfast. She and her partner, Traffic II, replaced Gallic I as White Star's Cherbourg tender. Gallic, White Star's only paddle wheeler, was built in 1894 as a Liverpool ferry and was bought by White Star for use as a passenger tender in 1907, when the line began calling at Cherbourg. When Nomadic and Traffic went into service, Gallic returned to Liverpool and was used occasionally as a baggage boat. She was broken up in 1913.

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    On 25 April 1941 Holland America's Pennland (ex-Pittsburgh), on charter to the British Ministry of War, was bombed seven times and sunk in Gulf of Athens.

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  4. Mark Baber

    Mark Baber Moderator Member

    On 26 April 1922 Red Star's Poland made the first of her three White Star sailings from Bremen and Southampton to Québec and Montréal. After the last of the three, in July, she was laid up until sold for scrapping in 1925.
     
  5. Mark Baber

    Mark Baber Moderator Member

    On 27 April 1873, the Valparaiso Steamship Co.'s Rimac made her maiden voyage, Liverpool-Valparaiso, on charter to White Star. Built by R. &. J. Evans of Liverpool, she was chartered to White Star upon completion and apparently made only this trip for the line.

    On 27 April 1911 the tender Traffic II (yard number 423; shown below outboard of Nomadic II) was launched at Harland & Wolff, Belfast.

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  6. Mark Baber

    Mark Baber Moderator Member

    On 30 April 1881 Asiatic II (yard number 141) was launched at Harland & Wolff, Belfast. Renamed Arabic I prior to completion, the ship was White Star's first steel-hulled ship. Except for three Atlantic crossings in 1881 and a year on the Atlantic in 1887-88, Arabic spent her entire White Star career on the White Star/Occidental & Oriental transpacific service, for which she was designed. She was sold in 1890 and scrapped in 1901.

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  7. Mark Baber

    Mark Baber Moderator Member

    On 4 May 1901 the American Line's Haverford (yard number 344) was launched at John Brown & Co., Clyde. She was transferred to White Star, without change of name, in 1921.

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    On 4 May 1927 Calgaric made her first White Star voyage, from Liverpool to Québec and Montréal.

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  8. Mark Baber

    Mark Baber Moderator Member

    At 3 a.m. on 9 May 1916 Cymric (Capt. Beadnell) sank some 11 hours after being torpedoed by U 20 140 miles WNW of Fastnet while en route from New York to Liverpool. Four crew members died in the initial explosion and a steward died while abandoning ship. There were 107 survivors, including all six passengers, members of the British Consular service.

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    On 9 May 1925 Canopic made her final sailing, the return leg of a Liverpool-New York roundtrip. She was scrapped at Briton Ferry, Wales, in the fall.

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  9. Mark Baber

    Mark Baber Moderator Member

    On 16 May 1914 Victorian made her last White Star sailing, Liverpool-New York. She was then returned to the Leyland Line, and renamed Russian at the insistence of the Admiralty, to avoid confusion with the Allan Line's Victorian. On 14 December 1916 Russian was torpedoed without warning and sunk 210 miles off Malta by UB 43 with 28 deaths.

    On 16 May 1931 Megantic began her final voyage, London-Le Havre-Southampton to Québec-Montréal. She was laid up on her return and sold to Japanese shipbreakers in January 1933.

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  10. Mark Baber

    Mark Baber Moderator Member

    On 18 May 1921 Red Star's Gothland (ex-White Star Gothic) was used by White Star for a final time, beginning a Naples-New York sailing. After arriving at New York on 1 June, the ship was returned to Red Star's service for her return to the Mediterranean. Gothland did not see any further service for White Star and was broken up in 1926.

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  11. Mark Baber

    Mark Baber Moderator Member

    On 22 May 1902 Ionic II (yard number 346) was launched at Harland & Wolff, Belfast, for the White Star/Shaw, Savill & Albion New Zealand joint service.
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  12. Mark Baber

    Mark Baber Moderator Member

    On 23 May 1866 Wilson and Chambers' Royal Standard left Liverpool bound for Queenstown and New York on what appears to have been her only transatlantic sailing, and the only transatlantic voyage by a steamer owned by the first (pre-Ismay) White Star Line. Carrying 310 passengers and commanded by a Capt. Whineray, Royal Standard arrived in New York on 10 June.
     
  13. Mark Baber

    Mark Baber Moderator Member

    On 26 May 1892 the livestock carrier Naronic (yard number 251) was launched at Harland & Wolff, Belfast.
     
  14. Mark Baber

    Mark Baber Moderator Member

    On 31 May 1900 the Dominion Line's Commonwealth (yard number 330) was launched at Harland & Wolff, Belfast. In 1903, IMM transferred Commonwealth to White Star and she was renamed Canopic.

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    On 31 May 1911 Titanic (yard number 401) was launched at Harland & Wolff, Belfast.
     
  15. Mark Baber

    Mark Baber Moderator Member

    On 4 June 1873 Tropic I made her final White Star voyage, to South America. Like her sister, Asiatic I, she was soon sold to replenish the capital lost when Atlantic was wrecked, first, to J. Serra y Font, Bilbao, which renamed her Federico; later, in 1886, to Cie. de Nav. La Flecha, also of Bilbao. She was broken up in 1894.

    On 4 June 1917, while en route from Liverpool to Philadelphia in ballast, Southland (ex-Vaderland; Capt. Kelk) was torpedoed twice by U 70 140 miles NW of Tory Island, and sank with four fatalities.

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    On 4 June 1941, while on her way to Chatham for conversion into a refrigerated cargo carrier, the Admiralty's dummy aircraft carrier Hermes (ex-Zealandic), hit a wreck and was beached at Cromer during a German air attack; she was torpedoed and sunk before she could be refloated.

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  16. MAB, does a photo exist of the Zealandic as a dummy aircraft carrier?
     
  17. Mark Baber

    Mark Baber Moderator Member

    I don't know, MS. I do know I've never seen one.
     
  18. Mark Baber

    Mark Baber Moderator Member

    On 8 June 1872 Celtic I (yard number 79) was launched at Harland & Wolff, Belfast. Originally named Arctic, she was renamed prior to launch so as to avoid association with Collins Line's Arctic, which was lost in 1854 with 322 fatalities.

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  19. Mark Baber

    Mark Baber Moderator Member

    On 16 June 1927 Laurentic II (yard number 470) was launched at Harland & Wolff, Belfast. The last coal-fired triple expansion Atlantic steamer, Laurentic was also the only ship built for White Star by Harland & Wolff on a fixed price contract; all others were built on a "cost plus" basis.

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  20. Mark Baber

    Mark Baber Moderator Member

    On 20 June 1914: Hapag's Bismarck was launched at Blohm & Voss, Hamburg. Uncompleted, Bismarck was ceded to Great Britain in 1919 as a war reparation and purchased with her older sister Imperator by a White Star/Cunard consortium. Completed at Hamburg, as Bismarck, the ship ultimately became White Star's Majestic II, while Imperator became Cunard's Berengaria. The joint ownership of the two ships endured until 1932.

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