Encyclopedia Titanica

Plucked from the Sea?

Survivors' Claims Reconsidered


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Survivors who claimed to having been in contact with the water.

Name Comments

First Class survivors:


Barkworth, Mr Algernon Henry Wilson

Barkworth claimed To have been rescued on Collapsible B. His claim is substantiated by Colonel Gracie.

Bradley, Mr George {"Mr George Arthur Brayton"} (George Andrew Brereton)

Bradley Claimed: a) in one interview that he was picked up by a passing boat. b) in other interviews that he simply entered one of the first boats. Titanic Historian George Behe suggested in 1982 that Bradley was in Lifeboat 15.

Daly, Mr Peter Denis

Daly claimed a) to have been in the water on his own for six hours before one of the Carpathia's boats picked him up. b) that he was on the same collapsible boat as Messrs Gracie and Rheims. c) to have been pulled into Collapsible A by fellow First Class Passengers R.N. Williams, and George Alexander Lucien Rheims. Rheims and Gracie were in different boats. However George Rheims corraborates Daly's claim, mentioning him by name as having been in Collapsible A. in an interview in the April 20th, 1912 edition of the New York Herald. Also, in a private letter from George Rheims' to his wife written on April 19, 1912, he recalled "I had the pleasure to be able to save a poor man, father of nine children, who asked me to give him a picture of myself with a dedication fit for the King of England." The man described could have been Peter Daly, who was the father of 18 children, 8 or 9 of which were alive at the time the Titanic sank.

Daniel, Mr Robert Williams

Daniel made vague and contradicting stories about jumping overboard and a) being pulled into a passing boat b) being rescued aboard Collapsible B with Jack Thayer. Trimmer Patrick Dillon claimed to have seen Daniel leap from the stern of the ship just before the final plunge, but Daniel was almost certainly in boat 3, mentioned by name by one of the first class ladies in boat.

Gracie, Colonel Archibald IV

Collapsible B. No comment neccesary
Hoyt, Mr Frederick Maxfield The only person to be picked up by boat D, the story is corroborated by several witnesses in the boat, e g chief steward Hardy.

Rheims, Mr George Alexander Lucien

Rheims claimed to having been on boat A. This is corraborated by other witnesses who were in Collapsible A, and by Rheims' medical condition, as noted in his testimony and claim of damages in the 1913 Limitation of Liability Lawsuit against the White Star Line.

Romaine, Mr Charles Hallace {"Mr C. Rolmane"}

Made several conflicting statements concerning how he escaped the sinking liner. He probably left in lifeboat 9 with Bradley.
Silverthorne, Mr Spencer Victor Claimed to having lept into the sea in at least one interview, nothwithstanding the fact that the actually left in lifeboat 5 (according to most of his interviews as well as according to Gracie).
Björnström-Steffansson, Mr Mauritz Håkan Stated in at least one interview that he was on the overturned collapsible lifeboat with Colonel Gracie and others. He was certainly, however, in Collapsible D.

Thayer, Mr John Borland, jr.

Collapsible B. No comment necessary.

Williams, Mr Richard Norris II

Collapsible A. No comment necessary.
At least 12 first class survivors claimed to having been in contact with the water.

Second Class survivors.

Beane, Mr Edward Gave several interviews, where he claimed that he placed his wife in a boat, which was not full, then leapt overboard and was picked up by the same boat in which his wife was. Since only lifeboats 4, 14 and D ever picked up people in that way he described and those people are known by name, his story is not plausible at all; in other interviews, however, he would describe entering a starboard lifeboat with his wife (very likely Lifeboat 13).
Mellors, Mr William John Mellors claimed he was rescued aboard one of the collapsibles, probably Collapsible B. However, this is somewhat unclear, because during his testimony in the 1915 Limitation of Liability Lawsuit against the White Star Line, Mellors testified under oath that he had been in an "unassembled collapsible raft" along with Mrs. Rosa Abbott. Mrs. Abbott is known to have been rescued in Collapsible A.

Portaluppi, Mr Emilio Ilario Giuseppe

Gave rather far-fetched interviews about his escape; it is by no means clear what lifeboat he refers to, and the descriptions are rather vague. He may have been the fourth person who was picked up by lifeboat 14 (if there indeed was a fourth person), but equally likely, he may just have made the story up, instead having entered one of the starboard aft boats, perhaps lifeboat 9.
Williams, Mr Charles Eugene Williams gave at least one interview in which he stated that he had leapt overboard and that he had been picked up by a passing lifeboat, and at least two others in which he claimed to have been rescued aboard Collapsible A, and B, respectively. In one interview, Williams stated that he simply boarded one of the last lifeboats to be lowered from the deck. This seems to be true, as Fifth Officer Lowe recognized Mr Williams as the second class passenger he had taken into lifeboat 14 as an extra rower.

In all, four second class gentlemen.


Third Class survivors.

Abbott, Mrs Stanton (Rosa Hunt)

Collapsible A. No comment necessary.

Abelseth, Mr Olaus Jørgensen

Collapsible A. No comment necessary.

Abrahim, Mrs Joseph (Mary Sophie Halaut Easu)

Said she was picked up by a passing lifeboat. Her meaning is unclear.

Albimona, Mr Nassef Cassem

Claimed that he 'Swam for it'.

Cohen, Mr Gurshon "Gus"

Said Mrs Astor picked him up, i. e. indicating lifeboat 4. In reality, one of the ladies in lifeboat 12 mentioned him as the man who jumped into that boat as it was lowered away.
Daly, Mr Eugene Patrick

Daly claimed to have leapt overboard, and reached Collapsible B just before the ship sank. Julia Smyth in lifeboat 13 recognized a "young Irish lad" in her boat, but there is no evidence to suggest that this was Daly. Daly's own claims of his survival are borne out by his physical condition when taken aboard the Carpathia (he was unconscious from cold), by his claim of injuries filed in the 1913 Limitation of Liability Lawsuit against the White Star Line, and by his testimony under oath in the same hearings, during 1915.

In both The Evening World April 22, 1912, and The East Galway Democrat May 11, 1912 Daly claims to have reached and clung to "an upturned collapsible raft," an "upturned boat," "a boat which upset," etc., before later being pulled into a regular lifeboat (undoubtedly Lifeboat #4 or #12 which rescued the survivors aboard B in the morning).

Dorking, Mr Edward Arthur Gave lengthy interviews, describing Collapsible B.

Duquemin, Mr Joseph

Said he was picked up by Collapsible D. However he was almost certainly in it when it was lowered away.

Hedman, Mr Oskar Arvid

Said in a few interviews that he 'swam for it', in others that he entered the last lifeboat (i e Lifeboat 15).

Jansson, Mr Carl Olof

Collapsible A, he and Mr Andersson/Wennerström corroborate each other's stories.

Jonsson, Mr Carl

Jonsson claimed in a few interviews to have been lashed to a door for six hours, or to have "swam about for hours" before being pulled into Collapsible A. There is nothing to support his claims, and according to an article in The Hartford Times, Jonsson boarded Lifeboat 15, which was lowered from the deck, with a group of Scandinavians.

Karlsson, Mr Einar Gervasius

Claimed that he 'Swam for it', but actually entered Lifeboat 13 with Mr Asplund without further ado.

Karun, Mr Franz

Said he swam with his daughter before they were picked up, but in other interviews he denied this and said he entered a lifeboat instead (very likely Lifeboat 15).

Lang, Mr Fang

Picked up by Officer Lowe in Lifeboat 14.

Lindqvist, Mr Eino William

Claimed that he swam to Collapsible B, when he in reality entered lifeboat 15 with sister and niece (Mrs and Miss Hirvonen), and Mr Abrahamsson.

Lulic, Mr Nikola

Claimed that he 'Swam for it' and was picked up by a passing boat. But he was probably with the Karuns in lifeboat 15.

Lundström, Mr Thure Edvin

Claimed that he 'Swam for it' and was picked up by a passing boat. He had first helped the Sandströms into lifeboat 13, which might indicate his presence in lifeboat 15.

Madsen, Mr Fridtjof Arne

Mr Madsen stated that he was picked up by lifeboat 13, which, in fact, picked up nobody from the sea. He must have been in the boat already when it was lowered away.

McCormack, Mr Thomas Joseph

McCormack said he tried to climb into a boat in which the Murphy sisters already were seated, but that a sailor hit him with an oar. In another interview, he claimed to have reached a collapsible boat. In reality, he almost certainly boarded lifeboat 16 from the deck with the Murphy sisters, and was never even in contact with the water.

Moss, Albert Johan

Said he swam to Collapsible B. His hands were badly frozen.

De Mulder, Mr Theodoor

Gave vague interviews about being picked up by some boat. Not true. He may well have been one of the 'Germans' in lifeboat 11 together with Julius Sap and Jan B Scheerlinck, whom he knew.

O'Keefe, Mr Patrick

Has been placed on Collapsible B. Truth unknown.

Olsson, Mr Oscar Wilhelm ("_ Johansson")

Collapsible A. He is mentioned as being in the boat by Mr Jansson.

Persson, Mr Ernst Ulrik

In a letter to his wife he describes swimming to an upturned boat. See the biography for further details.

Sap, Mr Julius

See Mr De Mulder.

Scheerlinckx, Mr Jean

See Mr De Mulder.

Sunderland, Mr Victor Francis

Described his presence on Collapsible B. Truth unknown.

Tenglin, Mr Gunnar Isidor

He would sometimes describe being on a waterfilled collapsible boat, other times he left in the next-to-last lifeboat (i e lifeboat 13).

Törnquist, Mr William Henry

Claimed that he 'Swam for it', but his story is very vague. Most likely boarded a starboard aft boat.

Vartanian, Mr David

Has been placed on Collapsible A; but most likely, he was in lifeboat 13 or 15.

Andersson, Mr August Edvard {"Wennerström"}

Collapsible A. See Mr Jansson.

Jalševac, Mr Ivan

In some interviews, he leapt overboard, in others he said those interviews were incorrect and that he in fact was with the Karuns in their lifeboat.

McCoy, Mr Bernard

Said his sisters pulled him into their boat. Very unlikely, he probably boarded with them.

Crew survivors.

Allen, Mr Ernest F.

Collapsible B.

Bride, Mr Harold Sydney

Collapsible B.

Brown, Mr Edward

Collapsible A.

Collins, Mr John

Collapsible B.

Cunningham, Mr Andrew

Picked up lifeboat 4.

Daniels, Mr Sidney Edward

Daniels claimed he was on Collapsible B, which is possibly true. After the disaster, he came down with a case of quinsy, and press reports suggest that he was one of the survivors taken to a hospital, probably St. Luke's, after the Carpathia reached New York.
Dillon, Mr Thomas Patrick Picked up by lifeboat 4.

Fitzpatrick, Mr Charles William N.

Claimed he swam to Collapsible B. Truth unknown.

Hebb, Mr A.

Collapsible B.

Hemming, Mr Samuel Ernest

Swam to lifeboat 4.

Hurst, Mr Walter

Collapsible B.

Joughin, Mr Charles John

Collapsible B.

Judd, Mr Charles E.

Collapsible B.

Lightoller, Mr Charles Herbert

Collapsible B.

Lindsay, Mr William Charles

Collapsible B.

Lucas, Mr William (saloon steward)

Collapsible A.

Maynard, Mr Isaac

Collapsible B, according to Joughin.

McGann, Mr James

Collapsible B.

McIntyre, Mr William

McIntyre was likely on board Collapsible A or B. Details of his known accounts are too vague to determine which was the case.

O'Connor, Mr John

Collapsible B, according to Podesta and Nutbean.

Phillimore, Mr Harold Charles William

Picked up by lifeboat 14.

Pragnell, Mr George

Collapsible B.

Prentice, Mr Frank George

Picked up by lifeboat 4.

Scott, Mr Frederick

Picked up by lifeboat 4.

Senior, Mr Henry ("Harry")

Collapsible B.

Snow, Mr Eustace Philip

Has been placed on Collapsible B. Truth unknown.

Theissinger, Mr Alfred

Claimed to having swum for it. In reality, he was in lifeboat 11.

Thompson, Mr John

Collapsible A.

Weikman, Mr Augustus H.

Collapsible A.

White, Mr Alfred

Picked up by lifeboat 4.

Whiteley, Mr Thomas

Collapsible B.
  At least 31 crewmen claimed to having been in the water.

In all, from 44 to 48 were actually saved from the water while about 79 passengers and crew have have been found who said they had been in contact with the water. There are probably others whose accounts are yet to be discovered, as well. This figure stands in sharp contrast to the number actually saved from the water.

Lifeboat 4 picked up eight, two of whom died (not included in the list above); six survivors.

Lifeboat 14 picked up three or four people, one of whom died; there were two or three saved.

Collapsible A probably contained between 11 and 14 survivors but estimates vary so much that it is impossible to determine the exact number. R.N. Williams said 11, Scarrot and Lowe testified to 20 or so men and one lady, Carl Olof Jansson stated there was 12, Rheims said that there was 12 in the letter to his wife, and then said 14 in his 1913 testimony, Steward Brown said 14, then 12, Peter Daly said 13, Wennerstrom said 11, etc., etc.

Collapsible B probably had between 25 and 35 people on board when boats 4 and 12 saved them however, eyewitness testimony varies so much that it is impossible to pin point the number. Steward Whiteley said that there were 30-35 aboard, Lightoller said there were about 30, mainly stokers and only three male passengers, but that three or so died during the night, Colonel Gracie says he was certain there were at least 30, Jack Thayer believed 28 men were aboard the boat, Barkworth gave conflicting figures, but estimated around 20-30, etc., etc.

Collapsible D picked up one passenger; Mr Hoyt.

There is no evidence that any of the other boats picked up swimmers.

Related Articles

Notes on Lifeboat Lists


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Comment and discuss

  1. Maureen Zottoli

    Hmmmmm. this was very good and would be an excellent resource, except for one thing. The writer anticipates that the reader will be an historian with very specific knowledge about poeple from the Titanic. This may be a mistake because most people doing research would at least like a reference provide as to where I can find all that obviously known knowledge that is assumed that I know and don't. I guess I would like to see the "known" stuff as well. As it is, thi s list is somewhat like having an Encyclopedia with all the pre-60's stuff deleted because it is assumed that one already knows this stuff. Unless this article is for another purpose. I also thought that there were a lot of suppositions contained throughout the document. Great Research. Maureen.

  2. Philip Hind

    Thanks for the message Maureen, perhaps I should clarify something. The article was not originally (and still isn't) an article as such. It was collated quite a while ago and recently placed in the ET Research section for convenience and increased visibility. It is something of a work in progress, Peter wrote the first verison and Tad made some additions. I hoped to do a similar thing with the lifeboat lists which are equally debatable but that is a much bigger task. [indent][hr][quote]Quote: I also thought that there were a lot of suppositions contained throughout the document.[/quote][hr][/indent]It would be very helpful if you could spell out in more detail some of your reservations. Phil

  3. Maureen Zottoli

    Dear Phil, Thanks, I will re-read the article and write down the specific points, I did not do that the first go round. And will get back to you ASAP. Also, if this is a part of a work in progress that may be a part of my problem and the fact that I am so new at all of this too. Maureen. PS Welcome back, Cook was very good, but don't tell him that I leaked that information to you.

  4. Maureen Zottoli

    Okay Phil, here goes. The listing is very educational and very resourceful except in a few spots. This document appears to me to be some sort of reference listing of sorts and the title of the listing is "Plucked from the Sea? Survivors Calims Reconsidered." 1) Why is the response "no comment necessary" an acceptable response to the the statement that I am reconsidering your claim on the part of the author? If I were an insurance adjuster, would it be enough to say that no comment is necesary for people reading the chart in years ot come? I would place something like "Collapsible B. Claim verified." But even better yet, that is not totally true, Colonel Gracie managed to get to Collapsible B as did others from the water. But that little statement "Collapsible B" does not say that. Yet in other areas the use of "swam to ..." is used to indicate presence in the water. Therefore for clarity, I should think that it should read: Gracie, Colonel Archibald IV "Managed to get to

  5. Tad G. Fitch Tad G. Fitch

    Dear Maureen, Hello, how are you? Good I hope. It is nice to meet you. Thank you for your comments on the article. You wrote: "But I want to say that I believe that I was quick to write a hard post and I want to say that the piece required a lot of hard work and I appreciate the work that thsese two individuals did on this. Thanks so much for the posting and your infinte patience with someone so new to be able to write and to question without thunderbolts coming from the sky.....&@*&(&!!!" No need to worry, I do not think that your post came across as hard at all. I certainly love to hear creative criticism regarding any project that I have taken part in, or contributed to. In this case, I cannot take any credit for the format or layout of the article, that was all Peter's work. All I did was add additonal information to the article regarding several passengers and the evidence supporting or refuting their claims. You wrote: "Sidney Daniels had a case of the

  6. Maureen Zottoli

    Dear Tad Fitch, Thansk you so much for your response and the reassurance that lightening bolts would not be forthcoming. And thank you for the information on quinsy. Had no idea in the world what that was. That is no doubt one of those I use English as a second language issues (Amercian being my first language) he he. Anyway...enjoyed "meeting" you here. Look forward to more from you. Maureen.

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Encyclopedia Titanica (1999) Plucked from the Sea? (Titanica!, ref: #1499, published 1 February 1999, generated 25th March 2023 01:51:20 PM); URL : https://www.encyclopedia-titanica.org/plucked-from-the-sea.html