Titanic Research Articles
Encyclopedia Titanica present cutting edge research papers from the world's finest Titanic and maritime historians. Few historical subjects provoke the same level of interest and controversy as the Titanic and lively discussions about these papers can be found on our message board and in our Facebook group.
We are always on the lookout for new talent and would love to hear from you if you are interested in writing for us.
|Titanica!||JOHN MONTGOMERY SMART, AN ELUSIVE AND SECRETIVE TITANIC PASSENGER.
6th February 2016
J. Homer Thiel
John Montgomery Smart was born circa 1866 or 1867. His place of birth is not known, but he was described as being from New York and Boston, Massachusetts in Australian newspaper acc...
|Titanica!||THE MESABA FILE
9th September 2015
US and British Titanic inquiry reports were manipulated for political reasons......
|Titanica!||THE INFAMOUS WATERTIGHT DOOR INDICATOR : MYSTERY SOLVED
2nd September 2015
Brad Payne discovers evidence that suggests Titanic was fitted with a visual watertight door indicator......
|Titanica!||THE TRIALS OF ELOISE HUGHES SMITH
25th July 2015
The only woman in the world who in just a year's time made her debut, got engaged, married, survived the Titanic, became a widow, and then a mother...
|Titanica!||WHATEVER HAPPENED TO BIG NECK NICHOLS?
10th July 2015
Was Titanic's Quartermaster sent below never to return? ...
|Titanica!||BASTION OF MASCULINITY
23rd June 2015
The Last Enjoyable Hours in the Titanic's First-Class Smoking Room...
|IDENTIFYING TITANIC STEWARDESSES
19th June 2015
Finding the names of the Titanic stewardesses photographed at Plymouth after their rescue in 1912....
|Titanica!||TITANIC AND THE BEDA: FR THOMAS BYLES
21st April 2015
In James Cameron’s film Titanic a Catholic priest is seen praying with his fellow passengers and reciting from the Book of Revelation. This man was not a figment of Cameron’s imagination: his name was Fr Thomas Byles...
|Titanica!||HARD A STARBOARD
31st January 2015
Another look at that hard right turn......
|Titanica!||PIECING TOGETHER A TITANIC PUZZLE
21st August 2014
The Complex case of Mrs. Cassebeer. Court documents reveal tempestuous marriage....
27th April 2014
Why did only 13 second class men passengers survive the sinking of the Titanic?...
|Titanica!||AUCTIONING THE WALLACE HARTLEY TITANIC VIOLIN
7th November 2013
Stuart Kelly describes the excitement and tension of the auction of the most valuable Titanic artefact ever sold....
|Titanica!||CLASS AND GENDER IN SHAPING THE MEMORY OF THE TITANIC DISASTER SINCE 1912
30th October 2013
Joe Woolley explores how the way we see Titanic has been shaped in films such as A Night to Remember and Titanic......
|Titanica!||AUTHENTICATING THE WALLACE HARTLEY TITANIC VIOLIN
23rd October 2013
Stuart Kelly examines how painstaking research led to the authentication of Wallace Hartley's Titanic violin...
|Titanica!||ACQUITTING THE ICEBERG
15th October 2013
When most of the facts everyone knows about the Unsinkable Ship are scrutinized, it is quickly discovered that many of them are not facts at all......
|Titanica!||THE UNBORN BABIES OF THE TITANIC
12th September 2013
A list of Titanic passengers who were known or likely to be pregnant at the time of the sinking and a list of male passengers and crew who became fathers posthumously. Titanic passengers that were pregnant on the Ti...
|Titanica!||R.M.S. TITANIC: FROM A DRAWING TO A SINKING
10th September 2013
Luca Marzano proposes a hypothetical sinking sequence inspired by the recollection of a young passenger, 17-year-old Jack Thayer....
|Titanica!||TITANIC AND CALIFORNIAN
10th September 2013
Gavin Don asks if the SS Californian, under the command of Stanley Lord, was close enough to have assisted the sinking Titanic....
|Titanica!||THE HIGHEST EXAMPLE LIFE CAN FURNISH
8th June 2013
Richard Frazar White, Bowdoin College, and the Titanic...
|Voyage||ON TITANIC'S BRIDGE
23rd May 2013
Author’s note: The story of Titanic’s sinking revolves around what took place on the navigation bridge, yet many people are not entirely clear on how it functioned, what the duties of the officers and crew were, and exactly who ...
|Titanica!||TITANIC'S BULGARIAN LINKS
18th May 2013
The Story of the Bulgarians on Titanic; how they emigrated and the Bulgarian emigration environment existent around the turn of the 19th Century...
|Titanica!||HILDA SLAYTER'S DIARY
17th May 2013
Hilda Mary Slayter...
|Titanica!||A TITANIC DINNER IN AN OLYMPIC HOUSE
21st November 2012
Stuart Kelly recalls an unexpected invitation and a memorable... and extensive Titanic themed meal in an newly discovered RMS Olympic panelled room....
|Titanica!||GEORGE ALEXANDER LUCIEN RHEIMS
12th October 2012
Updated biographical information on Titanic survivor George Rheims....
|Titanica!||TITANIC: THE HINGLEY ANCHORS
11th September 2012
Titanic's centre anchor was at the time and for some time to follow, the world's largest anchor ever forged by hand. Jonathan Smith explores the construction of the anchor and the company that created it....
|Titanica!||THE UNFORTUNATE TALE OF LITTLE WALTEE
4th August 2012
Dave Fredericks explores the tragic story of Little Waltee, the four-year-old son of Titanic Trimmer Walter Fredericks....
|Titanica!||TORONTO'S TITANIC SURVIVORS
28th July 2012
Jason D. Tiller
We all know that the R.M.S. Titanic set sail on her maiden voyage from Southampton, England on April 10th, 1912 bound for New York via Cherbourg, France and Queenstown (now Cobh), Ireland, and that she struck an iceberg on A...
|Titanica!||RMS CARPATHIA : OUT OF THE DARK OF THE DAWN
11th July 2012
When the Carpathia came to the rescue of the survivors of the Titanic, her passengers did all they could to relieve suffering and distress......
|Titanica!||ANTOINETTE FLEGENHEIM - FIRST CLASS PASSENGER ON THE TITANIC
17th June 2012
Research sheds new light on an elusive Titanic survivor......
|Titanica!||THE UNTIMELY DEATH OF JAMES DOBBIN: SHIPWRIGHT
23rd May 2012
In a second extract from In Titanic Times Frank Cox considers another of Titanic's early victims....
|Titanica!||THE TITANIC'S FIRST VICTIM
14th May 2012
Samuel Scott a 15 year old catch boy fell to his death: The first victim of RMS Titanic....
|Titanica!||MAJOR PEUCHEN'S PREDICAMENT
26th April 2012
Why did this self-made millionaire and leader of men become such a passive figure in a Titanic lifeboat?...
|Titanica!||TITANIC AT 100: A PERSONAL JOURNEY
22nd April 2012
Malcolm Bowen Niedner, Jr.
As Malcolm Niedner looked through a set of family negatives he discovered a new image of a four-funneled ocean liner... Titanic!...
16th April 2012
Most people, when thinking about music on the Titanic, immediately recall Nearer My God to Thee, which was allegedly played on deck by Wallace Hartley and his band as the great ship sank. We do not really know if this is...
|Titanica!||RMS TITANIC 100 YEARS ON
15th April 2012
As the 100th anniversary of the Titanic disaster approaches Philip Hind explores why the sinking has etched itself into our consciousness and how Oxfordshire was touched by the tragedy....
|Titanica!||EDITH CORSE EVANS
7th April 2012
Author's note: While doing research on a genealogy site in Spring of 2009, I met a relative of Edith Evans, Emlen Hutchinson Evans. I ...
|Titanica!||WILLIAM LOGAN GWINN: LETTERS TO FLORENCE
29th March 2012
A unique collection of letters and postcards sheds light on the domestic life of one the RMS Titanic's Sea Post Clerk William Logan Gwinn....
|Titanica!||THE NORWEGIAN SAILOR ALBERT MOSS SURVIVED THE TITANIC TRAGEDY AS WELL AS WW1 AND WW2.
26th March 2012
The Norwegian sailor Albert Moss survived both the Titanic disaster and a number of other crucial experiences at sea. The story of his life is now documented in the book Titanic og to verdenskriger (Titanic, W...
|Titanica!||FACE TO BAREFACE LIAR!
16th January 2012
A steerage Titanic survivor confronted his own impostor in 1912...
|Titanica!||SIX SECONDS TO DISASTER - THE DEATH OF TITANIC
30th December 2011
As a professional mariner and Marine Accident Investigator, I was irresistibly drawn to the detailed information available concerning the few minutes before Titanic began her death throwes....
|Titanica!||LIFEBOATS EXTINGUISHED THEIR LIGHTS!
6th December 2011
Lifeboats from the Titanic extinguished their lights in order not to become attractive beacons for swimmers after the sinking....
|Voyage||WE HAVE NO LOOK-OUT GLASSES IN THE CROW'S NEST.
19th November 2011
Art Braunschweiger explores one of the the most famous 'what if' stories in Titanic history....
|Titanica!||THE ODELL TITANIC ALBUM
13th September 2011
Lily Odell, Kate Odell, Jack Odell, Richard May and Stanley May were all travelling together. Jack was eleven at the time and he and Kate brought along their cameras. Kate took a large number of photos, one of which was one of the last known ph...
|Titanica!||ANNA KATHERINE KELLY 1892 - 1969
9th September 2011
Anna Katherine Kelly, “Annie Kate,” later to become also known as Sister Patrick Joseph, was born on January 14, 1892 in Cuilmullagh, Lahardane, in Addergoole civil parish, County Mayo, Ireland. Her parents, John Kelly and Ellen Fla...
|Titanica!||THE FINAL IDENTIFICATION OF THE 'UNKNOWN CHILD'
9th September 2011
The Final Identification of the Unknown Child of the TITANIC buried as Body No. 4 on May 4, 1912 in the Fairview Lawn Cemetery of Halifax, Nova Scotia...
|Titanica!||HARLAND & WOLFF AND THE PARTITION OF ULSTER
3rd September 2011
Harland and Wolff is at the symbolic forefront of Ulster's identity, its economic importance pivotal in explaining what gave Ulster Unionists political leverage during the Home rule question. To accurately portray Harland & Wolff’...
|Titanica!||NIGHT AND A TITAN
10th August 2011
What did Titanic look like at night?...
|Titanica!||THE TITANIC'S STOKERS PROVIDE THE KEY TO LAUNCH TIMES OF THE MIDDLE BOATS
18th July 2011
The timing of the middle boats : the Mount Everest of challenges for Titanic researchers....
|Titanica!||MYSTERIOUS WAIF OF THE WAVES.. MGU?
12th July 2011
Unresolved questions regarding the April 1912 voyage of the SS Campanello and the possibility of her involvement in the Titanic disaster. ...
|Titanica!||NINETY NINE YEARS AND STILL COUNTING
28th April 2011
Article, using new evidence, re-examines the work of Titanic's navigating oficers in arriving at the erroneous CQD positions and the consequences of the results. ...
|Titanica!||VIOLET'S BARREN WHITE STAR WEDDING
27th April 2011
The story of Titanic survivor Violet Jessop's short-lived marriage revealed for the first time....
|Titanica!||THE DAY I MET A TITANIC SURVIVOR
24th March 2011
Liner enthusiast recounts 1968 meeting with Renee Harris Introduction Until the death in 2009 of Millvina Dean, the oldest living Titanic survivor, meeting a passenger who sailed on the legend...
16th December 2010
Sir Arthur Henry Rostron was a lifelong believer in the existence of sea serpents and other forms of cryptozoology......
|Titanica!||I WAS SAVED FROM THE TITANIC
15th November 2010
Lady Duff Gordon
A vivid eyewitness account of the legendary shipwreck and its aftermath. Edited by Randy Bryan Bigham...
|Titanica!||THE HART OF THE MATTER
11th October 2010
FIREMAN Hart stands on the deck of the Titanic, knowing he has no entitlement to a lifeboat place, and prepares to die ...
|Titanica!||GROVES' INAPPROPRIATE JOKE
11th September 2010
The maturity of Charles Victor Groves, third officer of the ss Californian, is called sharply into question by a recollection of his Captai...
|Titanica!||MASTER AND COMMANDER
5th September 2010
Titanic's Surviving Master-at-Arms Revealed...
|Titanica!||ROSTRON'S LOST REPORT
13th June 2010
Titanic survivors could have been marooned in the Azores! Captain Rostron of the Carpathia considered landing them in the mid-Atlantic island chain for their treatment and onward travel – while he would contin...
|Titanica!||TITANIC : TIME ALTERED
2nd June 2010
David G. Brown
Nothing is more confusing about Titanic than understanding the time at which events took place....
|Titanica!||WHEN DID TITANIC TRY FOR HELP?
7th April 2010
When did the Titanic transmit her distress signal?...
|Titanica!||WHO TALKED TO TITANIC?
11th March 2010
Marconi chart offers insight into Titanic interlocutors...
|Titanica!||ROCKETS, LIFEBOATS, AND TIME CHANGES
4th March 2010
A FLASH OF LIGHT IN THE SKY The story of what took place on the tramp steamer Californian the night of April 14, 1912, is one of those tales that cause some ...
|Titanica!||LAST LAP OF THE LARGEST
12th February 2010
APRIL tenth, 1912 – A day tinged with sadness for the RMS Olympic. She put in to New York for the last time as the Ship of Superlatives, or so she thought. The next White Star Line leviathan to dock here wou...
|Titanica!||THE TURN OF A CARD
25th November 2009
HERE is the Two of Hearts… signed by three survivors of the sinking of the RMS Titanic. This picture appeared in the New York Sun on Sunday April 21, 1912. It seems richly symbolic of the hand...
|Titanica!||MOUNT TEMPLE TEMP'S MEMORIES
8th October 2009
THE replacement Fourth Officer of the Mount Temple on her homeward voyage in April 1912 was ...
|Titanica!||WALTER FRANCIS FREDERICKS : A BIOGRAPHY
25th September 2009
David William Fredericks
A brief biography of Walter Francis Fredericks (14 Apr 1891 – 30 Jun 1960) with a focus on the events of April 1912 Walter Francis Fredericks’ grandfather was Francis Fredericks – a Naturalised British...
|Titanica!||ERNEST GILL IN AUSTRALIA
29th July 2009
Judiciously, Ernest Gill journeyed to Australia. The former Californian crewman, a profiteer from the Titanic disaster, plied his seafaring trade Down Under in years thereafter. A do...
|Titanica!||THE LIFE AND TIMES OF HUGH WALTER MCELROY : CHIEF PURSER OF R.M.S. TITANIC
19th June 2009
Coat of Arms...
|Titanica!||CHRONOLOGY : SINKING OF S.S. TITANIC
13th June 2009
David G. Brown
|Titanica!||THE INFORMATIVE 'MORNING NEWS'
12th February 2009
TWO years after the Titanic, and Captain Lord of the Californian was still pleading his case. There follows a freshly resurrected article – important for the historical record – published ...
|Titanica!||WAS THERE REALLY A CURRENT THAT NIGHT?
21st January 2009
Before the days when ships began polluting Earth’s atmosphere with the fumes from burning carbon fuels - before the days when her seas became polluted with the noise of a million propellers ; seafarers exclusively used the physics of nature ...
|Titanica!||DEFENDING FLEET AND LEE
14th January 2009
The iceberg that doomed the Titanic and 1,523 people to die left a gash of about 300 feet in the ship’s side from beneath the stem of her bow to the boiler room number 6. The 1997 film that took her name as it’s title go...
|Titanica!||IT'S A CQD OLD MAN: 41.46 NORTH, 50.14 WEST
9th January 2009
|Titanica!||DEFENDING ERNEST GILL
15th November 2008
One night in 1994, at the tender age of 14, I sat glued to the TV watching the superb A&E documentary about the Titanic disaster. Having read and heard little of the Lordite claims about the SS Californian, however, save ...
|Titanica!||WHY A LOW ANGLE BREAK?
23rd October 2008
In the James Cameron film "Titanic," we all saw the stern of the ship rise up in the air and take on a relatively steep angle as the bow of the ship sank deeper and deeper into the water. Suddenly, the hull split and the stern came...
|Titanica!||RHEIMS, LIGHTOLLER, AND THE OFFICER'S SUICIDE ENIGMA
14th October 2008
If the enigma of the "officer’s suicide" had been a work of fiction created by Rex Stout, creator of the legendary fictional sleuth Nero Wolfe, chances are Stout would have called it "Too Many Questions". For the q...
|Titanica!||MCGOUGH THE KEY?
5th September 2008
THERE’S a Titanic seaman named McGough who is claimed to be a human key to understanding the sequence of lifeboat departures. He’s said to have helped lower lifeboat No. 14 – but to have departed in lifeboat No. ...
|Titanica!||MCGOUGH THE KILLER
5th September 2008
TWO killers roamed the RMS Titanic on her maiden voyage… Not the stuff of lurid pulp adventure, instead actual fact. The two wrongdoers were a fireman and an able bodied seaman. Stoker William Mintra...
|Titanica!||THE RIDDLE OF THE SPHINX
1st June 2008
WHAT goes on four legs, then two legs, then three? The Riddle of the Sphinx, from Greek mythology, denotes the eternal voyage of man… from crawling on all fours, to walking proudly erect, to finally ending up hunched over a...
|Titanica!||LOADING THE REAR BOATS
29th May 2008
While working on a major project involving the Titanic, I ran into a snag. I thought I could unravel the problem by examining the order the rear boats were loaded and lowered. The answer helped, though less than I had hoped. But I was sti...
|Voyage||THE MYSTERY OF TITANIC'S CENTRAL PROPELLER
5th May 2008
|Voyage||CANCELED PASSAGES ABOARD TITANIC
6th April 2008
John P. Eaton
Who Redeemeth Thy Life From Destruction...
|Voyage||WILLIAM J. MELLORS
26th March 2008
Robert L. Bracken
A survivor emerges from the mists of time....
|Titanica!||12.45AM - A TIME TO GO!
10th March 2008
WHAT time did the first lifeboat depart the Titanic? Many will immediately offer: ‘12.45am.’ But thi...
|Titanica!||COULD YOU MAKE IT TO EXTRA MASTER?
28th February 2008
If I doubted my reckoning after a long time at sea I verified it by reading the clock aloft made by the Great Architect, and it was right. Captain Joshua Slocum, navigating by Lunar Distances. ...
|Titanica!||DETERIORATION OF THE RMS TITANIC
11th January 2008
The RMS. Titanic has laid 2.5 miles below the surface of the Atlantic Ocean since her sinking, on her maiden voyage from Southampton to New York on April 14, 1912. Many questions were raised on the state of the vessel condition and how sh...
|Titanica!||THE WIDENERS: AN AMERICAN FAMILY
11th January 2008
A Biographical Sketch...
|Titanica!||ICE: CLEAR AND ABSENT DANGER
14th October 2007
This is an argument hewn from ice… a substance that offers solidity and occasional clarity. But it is also an argument about the absence of ice – meaning nothing less than clear water, with all the plain sailing that implies....
|Titanica!||SPEED AND REVOLUTIONS
18th September 2007
"We were working out a slip table, and we had not quite finished when she went down. All of us were on, working out a slip table, how many turns of the engine it would require to do so many knots; and all this, and it tapered down." -...
|Titanica!||HONOUR & GLORY: CROWING TIME!
20th August 2007
WE KNOW well the allegorical figures of Honour and Glory They appear as heraldic supporters to the clock located in the alcove atop&nb...
|Titanica!||TITANIC'S PRIME MOVER - AN EXAMINATION OF PROPULSION AND POWER
9th July 2007
|Titanica!||CSI TITANIC : WHO DIED HOW?
26th June 2007
One of the iconic images many of us carry from the sinking of Titanic is of the 705 people in lifeboats listening to the death cries of 1,500-plus people drowning in the North Atlantic after the ship sank. The trouble is, that&rsq...
|Titanica!||THE UNKNOWN ADULT
26th June 2007
COUNTERFOIL number 30887 lay on the wooden surface. Money joined it for a few minutes, and then money took wing and parted from the ticket. A moment later the ticket itself was taken up. One of the opening scenes of the 19...
|Voyage||OLYMPIC AND TITANIC : MAIDEN VOYAGE MYSTERIES
29th April 2007
Mark Chirnside and Sam Halpern
ROUTES ACROSS THE ATLANTIC The new White Star liner Olympic, the first of three gigantic liners ordered by the White Star Line for the highly competitive transatlantic service, was launched from the Queen’s Island ya...
|Titanica!||TRUE SURVIVORS : MILLVINA DEAN AND BARBARA WEST
14th April 2007
Brian J. Ticehurst
An update on the last two British Titanic survivors......
|Titanica!||CLASSIFIED IN DEATH : RECOVERING THE TITANIC'S DEAD
31st March 2007
Brian J. Ticehurst
AFTER the Titanic sank in the early hours of the 15th April, 1912 the sea around the site was littered with the flotsam and jetsam of the liner. Among the broken decking, furniture and fittings were hundreds of bodies floating around. Eac...
|Titanica!||RMS TITANIC: THE FUNERALS, MEMORIALS AND LEGACY OF THE LOST PASSENGERS AND HER CREW
9th March 2007
Brandon C. Holm
Titanic, a word that conveys a history and numerous amounts of thoughts, ideas. The American Heritage Dictionary, Fourth Edition defines titanic as, “of enormous scope, power, or influence.”1 The origin of the word ...
|Titanica!||KEEPING TRACK OF A MAIDEN VOYAGE
20th February 2007
On Thursday the 11th of April 1912, the RMS Titanic departed Queenstown on her maiden voyage across the Atlantic ocean to New York. About 2:20 PM GMT, she took departure from the Daunt’s Rock light vessel, and pro...
|Titanica!||THE FLEECING OF HUGH WOOLNER
4th February 2007
|Titanica!||BIRMA'S WIRELESS BEARS WITNESS!
28th December 2006
Birma from a contemporary postcard (Courtesy of Senan...