Encyclopedia Titanica

Elizabeth Dowdell

Nursemaid to Virginia Emanuel

Elizabeth Dowdell
Elizabeth Dowdell

Miss Elizabeth Dowdell was born West Hoboken, New Jersey on 6 September 1880.

She was the daughter of Matthew Dowdell (b. circa 1841) 1, a quarryman, and Alice Carey (b. 1843), both Irish immigrants.

She had at least nine siblings, many of whom died in infancy: Mary (1867-1871), Catherine J. (b. 1868), Alice (1871-1871), Thomas (1873-1874), Rose Ann (1875-1875), Paulenia (1876-1876), Patrick (1878-1882), Catherine (b. 1879) and Agnes (b. 1882).

In the months prior to Elizabeth's birth her family were recorded on the 1880 census residing at 362 Weavertown Road in West Hoboken. Her mother Alice died on 8 July 1889 and her father remarried to Catherine Matthews.  However, he died the following year on 5 March 18912. Elizabeth received half her father's estate in his will.  Although placed her the guardianship of her step-mother Catherine, Elizabeth found herself being looked after by her step-mother's sister Mary Ann Mathews.3

Elizabeth appeared on the 1905 census in the employ of a Mr and Mrs Gilbert Foxwell in Union, New Jersey. By early 1912 she was residing at 215 Park Avenue, Union Hill when she came into the employ of opera singer Estelle Emanuel, hired to act as nursemaid to the singer's 6-year-old daughter Virginia.

The trio travelled to Britain aboard Olympic, arriving in Plymouth on 31 January 1912. Whilst Estelle travelled in first class, Elizabeth and her young charge travelled in second class. With Estelle garnering herself a six month contract in London she charged Miss Dowdell with chaperoning young Virginia back across the Atlantic to her grandparents in New York. This time they would be travelling in third class aboard Titanic; they boarded at Southampton on 10 April 1912 (ticket number 364516 which cost £12, 9s, 6d). Whilst aboard they shared a cabin with English woman Amy Stanley.

She was rescued in lifeboat 13.

Miss Dowdell later recounted (Hudson Observer, 20 April 1912):

"I had put Ethel to bed, and was preparing to retire myself when the crash came. I went into the passageway and asked a steward what was wrong. He assured me that everything was all right. I went back, to go to bed, but scarcely had I closed the door, when someone came running along the passage, ordering all hands to dress and put on life belts. 

"I took my time in getting ready, not thinking the situation was serious. I firmly believed the Titanic was unsinkable. When we tried to get to the deck the stairways were so crowded that we could not get to the deck above. Men and women were climbing over each other here, and it was impossible for them to move. They appeared to me to be steerage passengers, and their cries and curses were terrible to hear.

"Finally some of the men passengers realized that it would be impossible to get up by the stairways, and they hoisted the women and children to seamen on the gallery above. They clasped their hands together, to enable the women to step upon them and reach out to those who would grasp them. 

A GALLANT ENGLISHMAN 

"An Englishman stepped to my side and picked up my charge. He held her up as high as possible, but she was too small to grasp the hands overhead. Finally he stood alongside one of the poles and lifted her to his shoulders. Still she could not get up.

"Step on my face, kiddie," he said. 

"She did, and was lifted up. Then I placed my foot on his two hands and climbed above. The child had her shoes on, too, and his face was frightfully scratched. Still, he smiled bravely when he assisted me. 

" 'Good bye, Miss, and good luck,' " he said. 

"When we arrived on deck nearly all of the boats were off. They were just filling No. 13, and the men and officers were trying to get the canvass off two others. They failed in this, and at last gave up in despair. My charge and I were carried bodily into Boat No. 13. 

"Several men tried to rush in on us before we were lowered. I saw an officer shoot three of them. The others stopped immediately. 

"The Titanic began to list alarmingly. When we reached the water the next boat behind us was coming down, and just missed coming on top of ours. As it was we collided, and for a moment I thought we would overturn. 

"I stated before that we saw the iceberg plainly. After striking, the Titanic backed away. When we rowed towards the towering ice mountain I looked and saw the gaping hole in the side of the big ship. The sea rushed in in torrents. Our boat was manned with twelve sailors, two at each oar, and it must have been nearly ten minutes before we were free from the suction. 

"No sooner were we off that [sic] the Titanic began to go down rapidly. The bow disappeared first. There was no playing by the bands, and only the cries and sobs of those aboard and in the boats was to be heard above the wash of the sea. 

"Many aboard the lifeboats, when they saw their dear ones on deck doomed, threw themselves overboard. Some had to be forcibly restrained. The last thing I heard was what I believed to be the captain's voice crying 'Every man for himself.' 

SEVENTY ON BOARD 

"While we were rowing about, many came alongside and were pulled aboard. We had seventy in our boat by the time the Carpathia picked us up. I do not know how many we took on board at the start. 

"All during this time rockets were being sent up from the doomed vessel. Revolver shots added to the din and dying voices. Then there was one great explosion. I guessed it was the boilers. The Titanic did not stay up long after that, but tilted, bow downward, with a great part of the stern in the air. She stayed for a moment, then plunged under. Her lights were burning to the last. 

"One woman from a capsized boat came near to us. She was swimming. 

"'Man, let go of me,' she pleaded to someone who was hanging on to her. 

" 'I will not,' responded the masculine voice. 'If I do I will drown.' He did let go, however, and the woman was hauled aboard. She said she had been swimming for an hour, and supporting this unknown man for half of that time. 

"There was one instance of a family of nine, including the mother and father. The men tried to force one of the daughters into the boat, but when she learned that her father and brothers could not be saved, she leaped back on the wave-washed Titanic deck. This was in the boat lowered after ours. 

"We were rowing about for hours before being picked up. The men became so tired that we women had to change places with them and row. 

"I was even surprised at my own calmness. I guess it was the responsibility I had in caring for Ethel. I worried only about her, for I have been with her a good while and we are attached to each other."

Miss Dowdell complained about her treatment aboard Carpathia, she and Virginia being huddled with the other steerage survivors and fed inadequate food and being forced to rub shoulders with "Chinese immigrants."

Coming off Carpathia in New York Miss Dowdell and Virginia were met by the latter's grandparents, Mr and Mrs Weil and accompanied them to their home at 605 West 113th Street, Manhattan. She was later reunited with her own family members who had travelled from New Jersey and had missed meeting her, believing her to be among the lost.

She told the committee of the Red Cross that she:

"had had such a hard time aboard the Titanic that she couldn't stand taking care of children for a while." - New York Herald, 25 April 1912

Following the disaster Elizabeth returned living and working as a domestic maid in Manhattan throughout the 1920s and 1930s.

She married in Manhattan on 11 June 1933 4 to Harry Fierer (b. 5 July 1892); her marriage to a much younger man perhaps prompted her to downsize her age by 18 years; she claimed to be 35 but was in fact 52.

Harry is believed to have been a millinery salesman, born in Russia, the son of Jacob Fierer and Molly Goldberg and to had come to the USA with his family at an early age, becoming a naturalised citizen in 1911.

Harry and Elizabeth would have no children and made their home in the Bronx, however in the 1940 census Harry is listed as single and living with his mother and a sister while Elizabeth was working for a family in Hackensack, Bergen, New Jersey and going by her maiden name. 

Harry Fierer died in 1950 and was buried at Mount Zion Cemetery, Queens County, New York.

In the latter half of the 1950s Elizabeth was a special guest at a screening of A Night to Remember where she was photographed with other surviving passengers and crew.  She supposedly claimed at this event to still be in touch with the little girl she accompanied on the Titanic, that she was now married as Mrs Vera Hanson and living in London.  However, no evidence has been found to support the identification of Vera Hanson as Virginia Emnuel.

Elizabeth died on 16 November 1962 in the Bronx and she was buried in Holy Name Cemetery in Jersey City, New Jersey.

Notes

  1. Sometimes erroneously listed as William; her birth record gives his name as "Wm. Dowdell". Census records and his other children's birth records give his name as Matthew. His name was listed as Nathan on Elizabeth's 1933 marriage record.
  2. The date 5 March 1891 comes from the will of Matthew Dowdell. Sometimes the date is given as 4 March.
  3. After her rescue on the Carpathia Elizabeth sent Mary Ann a telegram stating simply "We are saved!".  Mary Ann's children John Shortt and Mary Shortt (later Hattenback) recalled going to meet the Carpathia when she came into port.
  4. Another source says 25 May 1933

Titanic Passenger Summary

Name: Miss Elizabeth Dowdell
Age: 31 years 7 months and 9 days (Female)
Nationality: American
Marital Status: Single
Occupation: Housekeeper
Embarked: Southampton on Wednesday 10th April 1912
Ticket No. 364516, £12 9s 6d
Rescued (boat 13)  
Disembarked Carpathia: New York City on Thursday 18th April 1912
Died: Friday 16th November 1962 aged 82 years
Cause of Death:
Buried: Holy Name Cemetery, Jersey City, New Jersey, United States

Linked Biographies

Page Options

Watch this page

Improve this Biography

If you have any corrections or something to add please  get in touch.

References and Sources

Jackie Barber, Elizabeth Dowdell Fierer, Survivor of the Titanic (geocities.com/SoHo/Lofts/5047/famtree/dowdell.html)

Newspaper Articles

Jersey Journal (19 April 1912) Mother and Child Saved at Very Last
Hudson Dispatch (19 April 1912) TITANIC SURVIVORS TELL DRAMATIC STORY OF SEA'S GREATEST DISASTER IN HISTORY
Hudson Dispatch (20 April 1912) HARROWING TALE OF SCENES ON TITANIC BY MISS DOWDELL
Jersey Journal (20 April 1912) Hudson County Survivors Tell of Sea Tragedy
Union Hill Governess Gives Graphic Recital of Scenes After Giant Ship Hit Iceberg and Went Down
Jersey Journal (20 April 1912) Rescued Union Hill Girl's Story
Miss Dowdell tells of treatment received on board the rescue ship Carpathia
Hudson Observer (20 April 1912) Union Hill Woman Says Band Didn't Play on Titanic
New York Herald (25 April 1912) Titanic nursemaid 'Couldn't stand taking care of children..'
L. R. Swainson The Sydney Morning Herald (7 December 1957) Mystery of Miss Dowdell 

Images

Headstone (10)
Titanic Survivors at A Night to Remember Screening

Documents and Certificates

(1962) Elizabeth Dowdell (Death Certificate)
Search archive online
 Upload Media   View Media Album   Contact Us

Comment and discuss

  1. Cornelius Thiessen

    Cornelius Thiessen said:

    Hello folks, I just discovered this site a week ago and a enjoying it immmensely.I came across a copy of a newspaper article here pertaining to an that I believe was a second class passenger on the Titanic.I am having trouble believing what she states in the article and was wondering if anyone can tell me I am wrong or Miss Dowdell was right. Miss Dowdell states that after the Carpathia rescue she was directed into steerage and fed nothing but hardtack for the first few days.According... Read full post

  2. Bob Godfrey

    Bob Godfrey said:

    Hallo, Cornelius. Elizabeth Dowdell was a 3rd Class passenger on the Titanic, and as such she might well have been surprised by the quality of 3rd Class accommodation on the Carpathia. Bear in mind that '3rd Class' on Titanic was relatively luxurious compared to traditional steerage, roughly equivalent to 2nd Class on most other vessels like the Carpathia, and her reaction should be considered in that light. The reference to 'hard tack' is I suspect a bit of embellishment on her part or that of a journalist. In other accounts she mentions good treatment. Her story of paying for telegraph... Read full post

  3. Lester Mitcham

    Lester Mitcham said:

    Hi Cornelius, Elizabeth Dowdell was a 3rd Class passenger. If you go to the opening page of this web-site and type her surname in the Find Box you will find lots of informations about her. There is both a Summary and a Biography. Looking at Chapter 9 of A Night to Remember it is clear that Titanic's 3rd Class passengers were put into 3rd Class on the Carpathia: ".. first aid stations in each dining-saloon ... put the Hungarian doctor in charge of third class ..." and ".. group all the Carpathia's steerage passengers together, use the space saved for the Titanic's steerage". I... Read full post

  4. Mark Baber

    Mark Baber said:

    Hello, Cornelius--- We very recently discussed Ms. Dowdell, Virgina Emanuel and the New Jersey newspaper accounts you mention in .

  5. George Pastarmatzis

    George Pastarmatzis said:

    Hi! What is the site you mentioned about the newspaper article? Thanks!

  6. Bob Godfrey

    Bob Godfrey said:

    George, go to section and you will find links to several newspaper articles.

  7. Delia Mahoney

    Delia Mahoney said:

    Cornelius, if you are interested in Miss Dowdell, click here: geocities.com

    attachment
  8. Bob Godfrey

    Bob Godfrey said:

    This is what Lawrence Beesley had to say about sending cables on the Carpathia and in New York: "One of the first things we did was to crowd round a steward with a bundle of telegraph forms. He was the bearer of the welcome news that passengers might send Marconigrams to their relatives free of charge, and soon he bore away the first sheaf of hastily scribbled messages to the operator; by the time the last boatload was aboard, the pile must have risen high in the Marconi cabin. We learned afterwards that many of these never reached their destination" [Beesley found that quite... Read full post

  9. Cornelius Thiessen

    Cornelius Thiessen said:

    Thanks folks for all the info on Miss Dowdell.I learned quite a bit indeed.I am not as well versed in Titanic lore as you others are and I'm sure I'll have more questions down the road.Like my father always told me,"the only dumb question is the one you did'nt ask"........thanks again

  10. Deb Moritz

    Deb Moritz said:

    Could someone explain this discrepancy to me? Miss Dowdell's age, as given by her ET bio, was 31 at the time of the sinking and the birth date as given of September 6, 1880 certainly supports this. However, on the same page it states that she attended the premier of 'A Night to Remember' in 1958 and died on November 16, 1962 at the age of 70. Assuming her date of birth and age at time of death is correct, she would have to have died in 1950. If her date of death and age are correct, her birth would have occurred in 1892 and her age at the time of sinking 19 rather than 31. If her dates... Read full post

  11. Bob Godfrey

    Bob Godfrey said:

    The dates are correct. Maybe Elizabeth herself knocked off more than a few years when talking to reporters at that premiere!

  12. Deb Moritz

    Deb Moritz said:

    Simple enough, and I thank you. Making a liar of myself, this information popped up when I googled 'Elizabeth Dowdell death certificate'. I have linked to the certificate and the accompanying paragraphs. Death Certificate Genealogy Page Titanic Story

 Reply  Watch Thread

Acknowledgements

Jacki Barber
Gavin Bell, UK
Peter Engberg-Klarström, Sweden
Michael A. Findlay, USA
Phillip Gowan, USA
Arthur Merchant, USA
Senan Molony, Ireland
Brian J. Ticehurst, UK