Encyclopedia Titanica

Eva Miriam Hart

Eva Miriam Hart
Eva Miriam Hart

Eva Miriam Hart was born on January 31, 1905 in Ilford, London, England to Benjamin Hart and Esther Bloomfield. In early 1912, Benjamin decided to take his family and immigrate to Winnipeg, Manitoba, where he planned to open a drug store.

Eva was seven years old when she and her parents boarded the RMS Titanic as second-class passengers on April 10, 1912 at Southampton, England.

We went on the day on the boat train... I was 7, I had never seen a ship before... it looked very big...everybody was very excited, we went down to the cabin and that's when my mother said to my father that she had made up her mind quite firmly that she would not go to bed in that ship, she would sit up at night... she decided that she wouldn't go to bed at night, and she didn't!

Throughout the voyage, Eva's mother was troubled by a fear that some kind of catastrophe would hit the ship. To call a ship unsinkable was, in her mind, flying in the face of God.

"My father was so excited about it and my mother was so upset... The first time in my life I saw her crying... she was so desperately unhappy about the prospect of going, she had this premonition, a most unusual thing for her...  

Eva was sleeping when the Titanic struck the iceberg. Eva's father rushed into her cabin to alert his wife and daughter, and after wrapping Eva in a blanket carried her to the boat's deck. He placed his wife and daughter in Lifeboat No. 14 and told Eva to 'hold mummy's hand and be a good girl.' It was the last time she would ever see her father.  Eva's father perished and his body, if recovered, was never identified.

Eva and her mother were rescued up by the RMS Carpathia and arrived in New York City on April 18th. Soon after arriving in New York, Eva and her mother returned to England and her mother remarried. Eva was plagued with nightmares and upon the death of her mother when Eva was 23, Eva confronted her fears head-on by returning to the sea and locking herself in a cabin for four straight days until the nightmares went away. "I saw that ship sink," she said in a 1993 interview. "I never closed my eyes. I didn't sleep at all. I saw it, I heard it, and nobody could possibly forget it." "I can remember the colours, the sounds, everything," she said. "The worst thing I can remember are the screams." And then the silence that followed. "It seemed as if once everybody had gone, drowned, finished, the whole world was standing still. There was nothing, just this deathly, terrible silence in the dark night with the stars overhead."

Eva was one of the most outspoken survivors concerning the Titanic's lack of sufficient lifeboats and of any salvage attempts of the Titanic after its discovery in 1985. She commonly criticised the White Star Line for failing to provide enough lifeboats for all aboard Titanic. "If a ship is torpedoed, that's war," she once said. "If it strikes a rock in a storm, that's nature. But just to die because there weren't enough lifeboats, that's ridiculous." When salvaging efforts began in 1987, Eva was quick to note that the Titanic was a grave site and should be treated as such. She often decried the "insensitivity and greed" and labelled the salvers "fortune hunters, vultures, pirates, and grave robbers."

Eva maintained very active in Titanic-related activities well into her 80s. In 1982, Eva returned to the United States and joined several other survivors at a Titanic Historical Society convention commemorating the 70th anniversary of Titanic's sinking. She participated in three more conventions in 1987, 1988, and in 1992. In 1994, Eva wrote an autobiography, 'Shadow of the Titanic - A Survivor's Story', in which she described her experiences aboard the ship and the lasting implications of its sinking. On April 15, 1995, the 83rd anniversary of the disaster, Eva and fellow second-class Titanic survivor Edith Brown Haisman, dedicated a memorial garden plaque on the grounds of the National Maritime Museum in London.

Eva died on February 14, 1996 at her home in Chadwell Heath at the age of 91. A Wetherspoon's Pub in Chadwell Heath is fittingly named 'The Eva Hart'

Titanic Passenger Summary

Name: Miss Eva Miriam Hart
Age: 7 years 2 months and 15 days (Female)
Nationality: English
Religion: Jewish
Last Residence: in Ilford, Essex, England
Embarked: Southampton on Wednesday 10th April 1912
Ticket No. 13529, £26 5s
Rescued (boat 14)  
Disembarked Carpathia: New York City on Thursday 18th April 1912
Cause of Death:

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Newspaper Articles

Ilford Graphic (19 April 1912) Ilford Passengers on the Titanic
Ilford Graphic (10 May 1912) The Tale of the Titanic told by a rescued Ilford lady.
Mrs Ben Hart's personal and thrilling Narrative
Daily Mirror (14 April 1964) Now Huffle Puffle is the Top Dog
France Soir (7 February 1969) Miss Eva Hart
Unidentified Newspaper (10 April 1996) Oldest Titanic survivor plans visit to site

Documents and Certificates

(1996) Eva Miriam Hart (Death Certificate)

Movies

Interview with Eva Hart
Titanic: A survivors tale
Filmed in 1987 Eva Hart was then one of the last survivors of the Titanic. Just a brief glimpse into the events that are now nearly 100 years old.
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Credits

Peter Engberg-Klarström, Sweden

Link and cite this biography

Encyclopedia Titanica (2008) Eva Miriam Hart (ref: #441, last updated: 28th February 2008, accessed 29th November 2021 00:11:44 AM)
URL : https://www.encyclopedia-titanica.org/titanic-survivor/eva-hart.html