Mrs Nella Carlynne Goldenberg

Nella Goldenberg

Mrs Samuel Levi Goldenberg (Nella Carlynne Wiggins) was born in Florence, Italy on 2 February 1866.1

She was the daughter of an American father from New Jersey, Alexander Mather Wiggins (1826-1913), and an Italian mother, Nella Carlynne DeSilva. It is believed that her mother died whilst she was still very young and it is understood that Nella did not come to America until 1885, as per her 1917 passport. The same passport states that she had a sister.2 Other details about her early life remain obscure.

In America she began a relationship with Samuel Sondheim (b. 19 April 1851), a married New York cotton broker. Sondheim, the son of Jewish German parents Louis Sondheim and Rosa Brill, had been married in 1879 to Elizabeth "Lillie" Blackstone, née Whitacker (b. 1856 in Nova Scotia) but had no known children.

Nella and Samuel had two children: Viola Marie (later Mrs George Crossman) was born in Manhattan on 25 May 1886, followed by a son named Albert Cecil on 27 November 1887. The couple were eventually married in Manhattan on 19 June 1895, Sondheim declaring that he was a divorcee. When the family appeared on the 1900 census they were residing at 81st Street, Manhattan but Nella was to become a young widow later that year when Sondheim died from a heart ailment on 28 August 1900.

She was remarried in Manhattan on 3 September 1901 to Samuel Levi Goldenberg (b. 1864), a Lace merchant and realtor. The couple settled in Manhattan, appearing on the 1905 census as residents of West 72nd Street, but for the sake of Mr Goldenberg's health they relocated to France in 1907, the milder climate being beneficial to Samuel's wellbeing; they made several trips back to the USA, seemingly annually and usually aboard German ships. Her 1915 passport describes her as standing at 5' 6½", of fair complexion with blue-grey eyes and a small mouth and chin set in an oval face, topped with chestnut hair.

Well-known dog fanciers, the Goldenberg's kennel name was "Nellcote" and they would often judge in shows and reared English Toy Spaniels and French Bulldogs. They boarded the Titanic at Cherbourg on 10 April 1912 as first class passengers (ticket number 17453 which cost £89, 2s, 1d) and they occupied cabin C92. They were en route to attend the French Bull Dog of America show to be held at the Waldorf Astoria on 20 April.

Nella with Dogs
Nella Goldenberg with four of her dogs

Mr and Mrs Goldenberg were rescued in lifeboat 5. The New York Herald (21 April 1912) later reported:

Mrs. Goldenberg ran out on deck. Mrs. Goldenberg, who had not waited to dress, but had only pulled a skirt over her nightdress, was helped into one of the first boats by Mr. Goldenberg, Mr. Ismay and one of the Titanic's officers. She begged her husband to follow her, but he refused. The boat was unfilled when the crew started to lower it, according to Mrs. Goldenberg, and she urged her husband to take a place, as other men had done. "When I saw that he was not coming," said Mrs. Goldenberg, "I called, 'For God's sake say goodbye to me then,' and suddenly Mr. Ismay and one of the crew seized Mr. Goldenberg and threw him over the side. He managed to catch the boat ropes and I and others pulled him in..."

Met by friends and colleagues at the New York pier after their arrival aboard Carpathia, the Goldenbergs refused to discuss their ordeal with newspaper reporters. They went on to take part in the French Bull Dog show. Following the disaster, the couple shortly returned to France and also spent time in Switzerland for recuperation.

Nella lost her father close to the first anniversary of the sinking when he died on 8 April 1913. By 1917 Nella and Samuel were still living in Villefranche-sur-Mer near Nice, France and spent time residing in Monaco. By 1921 they had apparently resettled permanently in the USA, living at 109 Fifth Avenue, Manhattan but continued to travel despite Samuel's ill health in later years.

Nella Goldenberg in 1916    Nella Goldenberg 1922 

Nella Goldenberg 1922    Nella Goldenberg 

Nella in 1916, 1922 and 1925 and undated passport photographs (Left to right from top left)

Nella and Samuel were later divorced, perhaps because of the latter's infidelity; Samuel was remarried to a lady of Polish nobility, Edwiga Grabówska (d. 1935) and resettled in France where he died in 1936.

Nella herself was never remarried and started going by her mother's maiden name, DeSilva. She remained living in New York but continued to travel frequently; the last known voyage she made was aboard President Monroe in 1941 when she gave her destination address as the Hotel Sheraton on Lexington Avenue, New York City.

Nella spent her last days living in Berkeley, California close to her daughter Viola and she died there on 9 October 1947.

Nella in 1943

Her daughter Viola was married in 1913 to George W. Crossman (b. 1884), a native of Bath, Steuben, New York and had a daughter, Viola Mary (b. 27 April 1915). She died in Alameda, California on 22 May 1961.

Nella's son Albert later served during WWI in the American Field Service and American Army Sanitary Corps, serving from June 1916 until his discharge in May 1919. From 1920 he worked for a Paris-based bank, Banque Nationale Immobiliere. Living for many years in Paris, marrying but having no children and travelling extensively, Albert died in November 1986 aged 99.

Daughter and Granddaughter Albert Sondime

Nella's daughter Viola and her granddaughter Viola Mary, and her son Albert

 

Pictures

Samuel Goldenberg
Le Journal  (1912) 
SAMUEL GOLDENBERG
Nella Goldenberg
NELLA GOLDENBERG
Nella Goldenberg passport status
NELLA GOLDENBERG PASSPORT STATUS
Nella Goldenberg passport 3
NELLA GOLDENBERG PASSPORT 3
Nella Carlynne Goldenberg
NELLA CARLYNNE GOLDENBERG
 

Articles and Stories

L'Eclaireur de Nice et du Sud-Ouest (1936) 
New York Times (1916) 
New York Times (1915) 
New York Herald (1912) 
Unidentified Newspaper 
 

Credits

Gavin Bell, UK
Robert L. Bracken, USA
Michael A. Findlay, USA
Phillip Gowan, USA

Notes

  1. True age not certain as census, marriage and immigration records are conflicting. At the time of her first marriage in 1895 it was stated that she was 28 years old, suggesting that she had been born in or around 1866/1867 but she would give different ages throughout her life. Her death record gives the date as 7 February 1856 (perhaps a mistaken transcription of 2 February 1866) and birthplace as Pennsylvania.
  2. Mrs Goldenberg's 1917 passport declared that she had a sister, Mrs E. S. Whitman of 246 Warren Street, Brooklyn. This individual has not yet been identified.

References and Sources

New York Times, 18 April 1912
Search archive British and Irish newspapers online

Link and cite this biography

(2018) Nella Carlynne Goldenberg Encyclopedia Titanica (ref: #135, updated 19th October 2018 14:29:03 PM)
URL : https://www.encyclopedia-titanica.org/titanic-survivor/nella-goldenberg.html

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