Mrs Nella Carlynne Goldenberg (née Wiggins)

Nella Carlynne Goldenberg

Mrs Samuel Levi Goldenberg (Nella Carlynne Wiggins) was born in Florence, Italy on 2 February 1866.1

She was the daughter of an American father from New Jersey, Alexander Mather Wiggins (1826-1913), and an Italian mother, Nella Carlynne DeSilva. It is believed that her mother died whilst she was still very young and it is understood that Nella did not come to America until 1885, as per her 1917 passport. The same passport states that she had a sister.2

In America she began a relationship with Samuel Sondheim (b. 1851), a married New York cotton broker. Sondheim, the son of German parents Louis Sondheim and Rosa Brill, had been married in 1879 to Lillie Blackstone, née Whitacker (b. 1856 in Nova Scotia) but had no known children.

Nella and Samuel had two children: Viola Marie (later Mrs George Crossman) was born in Manhattan on 25 May 1886, followed by a son named Albert Cecil on 27 November 1887. The couple were eventually married in Manhattan on 19 June 1895, Sondheim declaring that he was a divorcee. When the family appeared on the 1900 census they were residing at 81st Street, Manhattan but Nella was to become a young widow later that year.

She was remarried in Manhattan on 3 September 1901 to Samuel Levi Goldenberg (b. 1864), a Lace merchant and realtor. The couple settled in Manhattan, appearing on the 1905 census as residents of West 72nd Street, but for the sake of Mr Goldenberg's health they relocated to France in 1907, the milder climate being beneficial to Samuel's wellbeing; they made several trips back to the USA, seemingly annually and usually aboard German ships. Her 1915 passport describes her as standing at 5' 6½", of fair complexion with blue-grey eyes and a small mouth and chin set in an oval face, topped with chestnut hair.

Well-known dog fanciers, the Goldenberg's kennel name was "Nellcote" and they would often judge in shows and reared English Toy Spaniels and French Bulldogs. They boarded the Titanic at Cherbourg on 10 April 1912 as first class passengers (ticket number 17453 which cost £89, 2s, 1d) and they occupied cabin C92. They were en route to attend the French Bull Dog of America show on 20 April, to be held at the Waldorf Astoria.

Mr and Mrs Goldenberg were rescued in lifeboat 5. Mrs Goldenberg later recalled (New York Herald, 21 April 1912):

Mrs. Goldenberg ran out on deck. Mrs. Goldenberg, who had not waited to dress, but had only pulled a skirt over her night dress, was helped into one of the first boats by Mr. Goldenberg, Mr. Ismay and one of the Titanic's officers. She begged her husband to follow her, but he refused. The boat was unfilled when the crew started to lower it, according to Mrs. Goldenberg, and she urged her husband to take a place, as other men had done. "When I saw that he was not coming," said Mrs. Goldenberg, "I called, 'For God's sake say goodby to me then,' and suddenly Mr. Ismay and one of the crew seized Mr. Goldenberg and threw him over the side. He managed to catch the boat ropes and I and others pulled him in..."

Met by friends and colleagues at the New York pier after their arrival aboard Carpathia, the Goldenbergs refused to discuss their ordeal with newspaper reporters. They went on to take part in the French Bull Dog show. Following the disaster the couple shortly returned to France and also spent time in Switzerland for recuperation.

By 1917 Nella and Samuel were still living in Villefranche-sur-Mer near Nice, France and spent time residing in Monaco. By 1921 they had apparently resettled permanently in the USA, living at 109 Fifth Avenue, Manhattan but continued to travel despite Samuel's ill health in later years.

Nella and Samuel were later divorced; Samuel was remarried to a lady of Polish nobility, Edwiga Grabówska (d. 1935) and resettled in France where he died in 1936.

Nella herself was never remarried and started going by her mother's maiden name, DeSilva. She remained living in New York but continued to travel frequently; the last known voyage she made was aboard President Monroe in 1941 when she gave her destination address as the Hotel Sheraton on Lexington Avenue, New York City.

Nella spent her last days living in Berkeley, California close to her daughter Viola and she died there on 9 October 1947.

Her daughter Viola was married in 1913 to George W. Crossman (b. 1884), a native of Bath, Steuben, New York and had a daughter, Viola Mary (b. 27 April 1915). She died in Alameda, California on 22 May 1961.

Her son Albert later served during WWI in the American Field Service and American Army Sanitary Corps, serving from June 1916 until his discharge in May 1919. From 1920 he worked for a Paris-based bank, Banque Nationale Immobiliere. Living for many years in Paris, marrying but having no children and travelling extensively, he died in November 1986 aged 99.

 

Pictures

Samuel Goldenberg
(1912) 
Nella Goldenberg
(1916) 
Nella Goldenberg passport status
Nella Goldenberg passport 3
 

Articles and Stories

New York Times (1916) 
New York Times (1915) 
L'Eclaireur de Nice et du Sud-Ouest (1936) 
New York Herald (1912) 
Unidentified Newspaper (1936) 
 

Credits

Robert L. Bracken, USA
Michael A. Findlay, USA
Phillip Gowan, USA

Notes

Notes
  1. True age not certain as census, marriage and immigration records are conflicting. At the time of her first marriage in 1895 it was stated that she was 28 years old, suggesting that she had been born in or around 1866/1867 but she would give different ages throughout her life. Her death record gives the date as 7 February 1856 (perhaps a mistaken transcription of 2 February 1866) and birthplace as Pennsylvania.
  2. Mrs Goldenberg's 1917 passport declared that she had a sister, Mrs E. S. Whitman of 246 Warren Street, Brooklyn. This individual has not yet been identified.

Link and cite this biography

(2017) Nella Carlynne Goldenberg Encyclopedia Titanica (ref: #135, updated 17th August 2017 14:14:01 PM)
URL : https://www.encyclopedia-titanica.org/titanic-survivor/nella-goldenberg.html

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