Mr Thomas Joseph McCormack

Mr Thomas Joseph McCormack was born in Glenmore, Ballinamuck, Co Longford, Ireland on 11 December 1892.1

He was the son of Bernard McCormack (b. 1843), a farmer, and Maria McKenna (b. 1842)(2) who were married around 1871. They went on to have nine children, four of whom survived infancy, and Thomas' known siblings were: Hugh (b. 1872), John (b. 1877) and Catherine (b. 1887).

The 1901 census shows Thomas and his family living at house 17 in Glenmore, Ballinamuck in a household headed by his 90-year-old grandfather Hugh McCormack. By the time of the 1911 census his father ran the farm and his brother John, who was married with his own children, was living and working there also. Thomas and his sister Catherine were absent, they already having emigrated to the USA (he in 1910), living in Bayonne, New Jersey where Thomas worked as a bartender and lived at 38 West 20th Street. He returned home to Ireland for a visit in early 1912.

To return to America McCormack boarded the Titanic at Queenstown as a third class passenger (ticket number 367228 which cost £7, 15s). He was travelling with several others from Co Longford, including the Murphy sisters, the McCoy siblings and his cousins John and Philip Kiernan.

At the time of the collision McCormack was asleep in his cabin when his cousins awoke him. He dressed and hurried from his cabin with the Kiernans but got separated from them in the crowds. By his own account he made for the open decks and jumped into the water, striking out for a lifeboat and managing to cling onto the gunwale of the craft before being repelled by sailors using their oars, sustaining bruising to his head. He eventually managed to haul himself into a lifeboat although which is not clear and it might be assumed that he left the ship in the conventional way.

His brother-in-law Bernard Evers (the husband of his sister Catherine) journeyed to New York to meet him coming off the Carpathia; in the confusion the two missed each other and Evers spent the rest of the night and next day searching for him before discovering he was at Ellis Island. They were then reunited and returned to Bayonne.

Thomas naturalised as a US citizen in 1916 and ran his own pub in Bayonne for twenty years before working as a security guard. He was twice married, firstly to Johanna "Hannah" Nugent, née Barry3 (b. 1871), a widow almost two decades his senior.

Hannah had been born in Ireland, the daughter of Robert Barry and Catherine Haggerty. She had left her birthplace in 1889 and settled in Bayonne where she married in 1895 4 to Jeremiah Nugent (b. 1865), a tavern keeper. With him she had five children: Patrick (b. 1898), Jeremiah (b. 1899), Mary (b. 1902), Nora/Anna (b. 1906) and Robert (b. 1909). When Nugent died is not clear.

By 1920 Thomas, Hannah and her family are at 376 Boulevard in Bayonne. Two years later he attended the Bayonne Memorial Day parade and returned home in foul form and lashed out at his 14-year old stepson Robert Nugent, throwing a milk bottle at him and inflicting a large slice on his head. His wife complained to the police and he was arrested and charged with assault.

His second marriage was to Mary Ellen Donovan (b. 15 November 1893), the niece-by-marriage of his first wife.5 They had no children and he became a widower in 1962. He was still giving interviews up until the year before his death despite having been bed-ridden for several years.

Thomas spent his final days living at the John F. Kennedy Arms on 70 Westfield Avenue, Elizabeth, New Jersey. He died there on 4 November 1975 aged 83 and was buried in Holy Name Cemetery, Jersey City with his second wife.

 

Pictures

Thomas McCormack in the early 1970s
Thomas McCormack in 1974
(1974) 
 

Articles and Stories

Unidentified Newspaper (1975) 
Unidentified Newspaper (1974) 
Jersey Journal (1922) 
Jersey Journal (1912) 
Jersey Journal (1912) 
New York Times (1912) 
Jersey Journal (1912) 
Newark Evening News (1912) 
Jersey Journal (1912) 
Jersey Journal (1912) 
Jersey Journal (1912) 
 

Credits

Gavin Bell, UK
Robert L. Bracken, USA
Peter Engberg-Klarström, Sweden
Michael A. Findlay, USA
Tad Fitch, USA
Noel Ray, Ireland

Notes

  1. His social security record gives the date as 12 December 1892.
  2. On the 1901 census his father and mother's estimated birth years were 1856 and 1861 respectively. On the 1911 census their estimated birth years were 1843 and 1842 respectively.
  3. Records differ between Berry and Barry but Barry appears to be the correct spelling.
  4. Another source says 1894.
  5. Mary, born in Bayonne, was the daughter of Daniel Donovan and Mary Nugent.  

References and Sources

Contract Ticket List, White Star Line 1912 (National Archives, New York; NRAN-21-SDNYCIVCAS-55[279]).
Irish Times, 12 February 1998, Tales of Longford's 'Titanic' survivors are retold
Jersey Journal, 18 April 1912, Bayonne Man Saved
Jersey Journal, 19 April 1912, Thos. Mccormack of Bayonne at Ellis Island
Jersey Journal, 20 April 1912, Bayonne Youth's Remarkable Escape
Jersey Journal, 22 April 1912, Titanic Survivor is Home
Jersey Journal, 23 April 1912, Battled for life with Sailor after the Titanic Sank
Jersey Journal, 31 May 1922, Survived Titanic, Held for Assault.
Noel Ray (1999) List of Passengers who Boarded RMS Titanic at Queenstown, April 11, 1912. The Irish Titanic Historical Society
The Daily Journal, November 1975, death notice
Unidentified newspaper, November 1975, Thomas McCormack; Titanic Survivor, 82 (Obituary)

Link and cite this biography

(2017) Thomas Joseph McCormack Encyclopedia Titanica (ref: #1010, updated 24th August 2017 23:53:01 PM)
URL : https://www.encyclopedia-titanica.org/titanic-survivor/thomas-joseph-mccormack.html

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