Mrs Virginia Estelle Clark

Virginia Estelle Clark

Mrs Virginia Estelle Clark (née McDowell) was born in Helena, Montana on 30 May 1885.1

She was the only child of Samuel Kendrick McDowell (1858-1902), a US deputy marshal, and Addie May Caldwell (1862-1940). Her father was born in Illinois to Irish immigrant parents whilst her mother hailed from Colorado. 

The family appear on the 1900 census living at their home, 416 5th Avenue, Helena when Virginia was described as still being at school; her father died on 1 December 1902 and was buried in his native Illinois. 

Virginia later became acquainted with Walter Miller Clark (b. 1884), a Montana native and a Los Angeles resident; they were married in New York at the home of her uncle George McDowell on 5 January 1909. The couple were shown residing in Los Angeles on 1910 census and were listed twice; once at the home of her parents-in-law the Clarks at West Adams Street and then at their own home, Severance Street. The Clark's only child, son James Ross Clark, was born on 24 April 1910. 

Virginia and Walter took a belated honeymoon to Europe in early 1912 but cut their trip short to return home and celebrate their son's birthday; they boarded Titanic at Cherbourg as first class passengers on 10 April 1912 (ticket number 13508 which cost £136, 15s, 7d) and occupied cabin C89. 
Virginia was alone in her cabin when the collision occurred; although noting that the impact was slight she admitted that she felt something was very wrong and immediately dressed and ascended to the promenade deck; she found her husband in the smoking room playing cards with acquaintances. The two made enquiries with officers and other crewmen as to the situation but were told that the ship had struck some ice and that there was no danger. Upon their return to their cabin the Clarks saw a man pass by carrying a lifejacket and soon learned that all passengers were to proceed to the boat deck.

Virginia and Walter dressed warmly, she donning her furs, and they headed topside where they stopped to watch the proceedings, reportedly meeting with the Astors and Strausses with whom they conversed. She reported witnessing Mrs Strauss refuse to leave her husband and later in the proceedings she was compelled to get into a lifeboat by an officer. Even then she insisted that her husband felt no apprehension about the situation and fully expected to see her later; the last she saw of him was him hanging over the wailing and waving to her. 

Mrs Clark left Titanic with Mrs Astor in lifeboat 4. She recalled Mrs Astor insisting that the lifeboat be turned around to rescue more people; the lifeboat eventually pulled around eight crewmen from the water. When the ship eventually founded Mrs Clark recalled the "heartrending moans and cries" of those struggling in the water. 

She later made the journey back to Los Angeles via Chicago and was met in Salt Lake City, Utah by William Clark, her husband's cousin and close friend; here it was reported that she was in great shock and distress. She went to her mother's home in Los Angeles where she was prostrated with grief for weeks. 

Virginia continued to travel extensively throughout her life, including shortly after her husband's demise. She left Los Angeles and travelled to New York where she remarried in her cousin Howard McDowell's home on 26 September 1912 to Indiana-born John Stewart Tanner (b. 6 December 1876), a Los Angeles resident with no stated profession2,3; her parents-in-law and own mother had no knowledge of the event until after when they were informed by letter. Tanner, reportedly a handsome man, was a divorcee and prominent in Los Angeles where he was known as a proficient amateur tennis player and a fine horseman and polo player. 

Her hasty remarriage and extended absences from her son's life incensed her late husband's parents who it seems later took their grandson into their care and a custody battle ensued between Virginia's mother and the Clarks,4 the Clarks insinuating that Virginia was an unfit mother and abandoned him without adequate provision for his upkeep. The following month joint guardianship was awarded to both parties whereby they had custody six months each year in turn. Young James Ross Clark appeared with his paternal grandparents on both the 1920 and 1930 censuses.
As per John Tanner's 1918 passport he and Virginia appeared to have spent much time living in France until 1914. 

Virginia and her new husband later divorced, perhaps before the close of the decade and before 1922. In October of 1922 she applied to a US passport to visit Britain, France, Italy, Spain, Belgium, Norway and Switzerland; she was described as a divorcee standing at 5' 5" with a wide mouth, round chin, low forehead, oval face and a straight nose; she had dark hair, hazel eyes and a fair complexion.

She was again remarried in New York on 18 May 1927 to architect Louis Harold Rush5 (b. 23 August 1880), a New Hampshire native, but again divorced after a short while. Virginia and her ex-husband John Stewart Tanner were married again in the 1930s and it was with him that she remained; the couple appeared on the 1940 census living in Honolulu, Hawaii. 

Virginia's widowed mother had been living with family in Berkeley, California for several years and died there on 20 August 1940. Her husband John Tanner died on 7 January 1956 and was buried in Hollywood Forever Cemetery, Hollywood, Los Angeles.

Virginia McDowell Clark Tanner passed away in Los Angeles on 21 December 1958 aged 73 and she was buried with her husband. Her son James Ross Clark died on 24 February 1962 in Riverside, California.

Notes

  1. Virginia would give different birthdates over the years, ranging from the true 1885 to 1892. She claimed in her 1922 passport to have been born in Virginia on 30 May 1888.
  2. John Stewart Tanner was the son of John James Tanner and Emma Bunel. He was first married in New York on 7 April 1904 to Eleanor Milbank Anderson and had a daughter the following year, Elizabeth Milbank Anderson Tanner (b. 27 January 1905). He and Eleanor were still living together in New York by the time of the 1910 census and apparently divorced shortly after. 
  3. At the time of John Stewart Tanner's military draft of 1917-1918 he was an associate director living in Manhattan and gave his next of kin as his brother B. M. Tanner, perhaps indicating that he and Virginia were divorced or at least living apart by this stage.
  4. Los Angeles Evening Herald, 9 October 1912, Mrs Tanner to Fight for son in court. The article states that J. Ross Clark filed a petition for custody of his grandson following the remarriage of Virginia, citing that Virginia was not a fit person to be a guardian. Young James Ross Clark had been with his paternal grandparents and Virginia, following her remarriage, wrote to her mother to fetch him and bring him to New York. Mrs McDowell was too ill to travel at the time but was determined to do so. Mr Clark asserted that "I shall press the petition for the guardianship of the child to the limit. We had the date of the hearing set far enough away to permit my daughter-in-law to get here and defend the action if she so desires. We are at a loss to understand Mrs Tanner's actions in this matter. She was not irrational since the Titanic disaster so we cannot excuse her for that reason."
  5. Louis Harold Rush died in Pennsylvania on 7 February 1942. 
 

Pictures

Virginia Clark in 1912
Los Angeles Times  (1912) 
VIRGINIA CLARK IN 1912
Virginia Clark in 1912
San Francisco Examiner  (1912) 
VIRGINIA CLARK IN 1912
Virginia Clark passport picture
VIRGINIA CLARK PASSPORT PICTURE
Virginia Clark
VIRGINIA CLARK
Virginia Clark
VIRGINIA CLARK
John Stewart Tanner, second AND fourth husband of Virginia Clark.
JOHN STEWART TANNER, SECOND AND FOURTH HUSBAND OF VIRGINIA CLARK.
John Stewart Tanner, second AND fourth husband of Virginia Clark.
JOHN STEWART TANNER, SECOND AND FOURTH HUSBAND OF VIRGINIA CLARK.
 

Articles and Stories

The Daily Courier (1912) 
Salt Lake Tribune (1912) 
Chicago American (1912) 
Anaconda Standard (1912) 
 

Comment and discuss

  1. Charles Provost said:

    Did Mrs. Walter Miller Clark, first class passenger, ever wrote an account of her own concerning her experiences on the Titanic? Any information appreciated. Sincerely, Charles Provost

  2. Mike Herbold said:

    Charles: I don't think she wrote her own account, but Don Lynch gave a detailed recap of her time in his two-part "Titanic Commutator" article entitled "The Clark Family of Los Angeles," in 1991-1992.

  3. Charles Provost said:

    Dear Mike, thanks for this information but unfortunatly I'm not a member of the Historical Titanic Society. Do you know where I can obtain a copy of this article? Most appreciated. Sincerely, Charles

  4. Mike Herbold said:

    Charles: Contact me at

  5. Kathleen McNulty said:

    Dear all Virginia Clark is a survivor that I have never been able to track down by myself and I see that on this site a DOD in 1958 has been given for her. From the research that I have carried out she appears to have remarried on more than one occassion but I am unaware of her married name at her time of death. Does anybody out there know? Thanks Kathleen McNulty

  6. avatar

    Phillip Gowan said:

    Kathleen, she died as Virginia Tanner (Mrs. John) in Los Angeles. Phillip

  7. Mike Herbold said:

    Kathleen: Don Lynch wrote a very detailed two part article on "The Clark Family of Los Angeles" that appeared in the "Commutator" in 1992. It's too bad its not available in reprints by itself, but THS will sell you the back issues. Contact me at

  8. Brian Ahern said:

    Here's a link on the family she married into, which includes a photo of Walter and Virginia's son standing with Walter's parents: There is some info on the Net on Walter's family because of their railroad dealings, but does anyone have any info on Virginia's background? I believe, though I'm not certain, that she was a military brat. Her ET bio says she was born in Montana in 1885, which was an unusual birthplace for a society woman in her day, but then the Clarks were... Read full post

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  9. avatar

    Mike Poirier said:

    Hello Brian- Don Lynch did a very nice article on Virginia in the THS Commutator. It was spread out over two issues. I think 1991-1992 era. You may want to check their website for back issues. Mike

  10. Brian Ahern said:

    Thanks, Mike! I'll get on that. The first class passengers who interest me the most are the ones of whom less is written, and who don't necessarily fit into the whole New York-Philadelphia society thing, people like the Clarks, Cavendishes, Minahans, Stengels.

  11. Brian Ahern said:

    By accident this weekend, I stumbled onto the knowledge that two of the three famous Montana "Copper Kings" were uncles to Walter Clark - one by blood; one by marriage. The Copper Kings - William Andrews Clark, Marcus Daly and Augustus Heinze - made their money largely in banking and railroads. They were apparently quite ruthless. They vied with each other for supremacy in business and influence - at least a couple of book have been written about their rivalry, and all three of their lives are fairly well-documented. Clark was Walter's father's brother. Daly was married to Walter's... Read full post

  12. Martin Williams said:

    Thanks for this, Brian. I know next to nothing about the Clarks but it is so interesting to learn more of their family connections - which were obviously quite impressive! As with many of the passengers we've discussed here, such information really helps to 'situate' these individuals in the society of the day.

  13. Brian Ahern said:

    I finally managed to learn a little more about Virginia's life post-Titanic, thanks to the LA Times archive. I've yet to spring for the articles, but will share them once I have. Here's what I've gleaned from the headlines and synopses... In October of 1912, Virginia married Dr. Jack Tanner in New York. Her powerful father-in-law, J. Ross Clark, publicly decried her actions and moved to gain custody of Virginia's son, J. Ross Clark II, on the grounds of willful abandonment. He was initially successful, but Virginia fought back, and it appears the boy was shuttled between his mother and... Read full post

  14. Martin Williams said:

    I've just realised that the sumptuous purple-and-gold Lucile evening dress sold for nearly $36,000 by Doyle Auctioneers back in 2004 was from the wardrobe of Marcus Daly's daughter (and thus Walter Miller Clark's first cousin), Margaret. She married Henry Carroll Brown of Baltimore around 1900 and was active in Society, both in that city and in New York. Sadly, she died very suddenly at her mother's home on Fifth Avenue in April, 1911, predeceasing Clark by almost exactly a year. Apparently a very stylish woman, Margaret's Lucile gown was dated by fashion historians to one of Lady DG's first... Read full post

  15. sashka pozzetti said:

    The auction house had little difficulty dating the lucile dress, because sadly Mrs Brown died very soon after having bought it. There were claims that it was a tribute to Leon Bakst, but I have no idea why. Another dress bought recently by the Victoria and Albert museum, is going to feature in the Lucile book being published by the end of the year. :-)

  16. Martin Williams said:

    Here's a photograph of Walter Miller Clark's first cousin (his mother's sister's daughter) who married the Hungarian Count Anton Sigray von Febre in 1910. The wedding was a 'top drawer' affair, attended by Thomas Cardeza and George and Eleanor Widener, besides swarms of other Society luminaries. Unusually for a debutante, Harriot had been an active supporter of the fashionable Metropolitan Opera. 'The New York Times' of 12 November, 1907, noted that she... Read full post

  17. Martin Williams said:

    Brian has already flagged this link on another thread but, for the purpose of general comprehensiveness, it perhaps deserves a place here as well. The Clark family was one of the wealthiest and most influential in the western States around the turn of the century - a position only consolidated by their marital alliance to the Dalys, which Brian detailed in his post above. Included is a photograph of Walter Miller Clark's parents, J. Ross Clark and his wife Miriam, standing on the steps of their... Read full post

  18. Brian Ahern said:

    Happy New Year, Martin! Your posts are motivating me to finally finish writing up the summary of Virginia's life - as told by contemporary news accounts from her days as a Montana belle to her days as a much-married New York-Palm Beach-Pasadena society matron - that I probably started a year ago. Her life might win the prize for the most soap opera-esque of First Class ladies (though, of course, she's got stiff competition).

  19. Martin Williams said:

    Hi Brian Naturally, I'll be thrilled to read anything you might care to contribute here about Walter and Virginia Clark. Although I am, by the sounds of it, ten paces behind you with my research, I've been following up a few leads of my own and eagerly anticipate your summary. I'm sure it will be a corker. Myself, I've been using the holidays to write my own potted biography of James Clinch Smith, which I hope to get on-line in the next month or so. Best wishes for a happy and healthy 2009. Martin

  20. Martin Williams said:

    Can't think how I've never come across this site before. As it includes the only photograph of Walter Miller Clark I've seen so far, it might be of some interest.

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Credits

Gavin Bell, UK
Hermann Söldner, Germany
Craig Stringer, UK
Homer Thiel, USA
Geoff Whitfield, UK

References and Sources

Los Angeles Sunday Herald, 27 December 1908, Walter M. Clark to marry
Los Angeles Evening Herald, 5 October 1912, W. M. Clark's Widow is Wedded in N.Y.
Los Angeles Evening Herald, 9 October 1912, Mrs Tanner to Fight for son in court.
Los Angeles Evening Herald, 23 November 1912, Clarks and Tanners make up over baby
Search archive British and Irish newspapers online

Link and cite this biography

Encyclopedia Titanica (2018) Virginia Estelle Clark (ref: #73, last updated: 17th January 2018, accessed 3rd June 2020 19:14:51 PM)
URL : https://www.encyclopedia-titanica.org/titanic-survivor/virginia-clark.html