Miss Katherine Gilnagh, known as Kate, was born in Cloonee, Co Longford, Ireland on 13 October 1894.1
She was the daughter of Hugh Gilnagh (1865-1932), a farmer, and Johanna Duffy (1867-1941) who had married around 1892, and she was the sister of: Mary Johanna "Mollie"(b. 1893), Ellen (b. 1895), Thomas (b. 1897), Bridget (b. 1898), Elizabeth (b. 1900), Margaret (b. 1902), Johanna (b. 1904) and Hugh (b. 1905). Another sibling died in infancy. She came from a Roman Catholic family.
The family appear on the 1901 census living at house 18 in Rhine, Cloonee and on the 1911 census at house 6 in the same locale. Her sister Mollie had emigrated to the USA, leaving Ireland on board Laurentic on 9 April 1911. She lived and worked in Manhattan and soon sent for Kate to join her.
Kate joined the Titanic at Queenstown on 11 April 1912 as a third class passenger (ticket number 35851 which cost £7, 14s, 8d). Whilst aboard she roomed in cabin 161 on E-deck aft with three other Longford girls, Katie Mullin and the Murphy sisters, Margaret and Kate. She also became acquainted with fellow-Longford passengers James Farrell, Thomas McCormack and the Kiernan brothers, John and Phillip among other Irish passengers, including possibly Eugene Daly from Co Westmeath.
On the night of the sinking Kate and other steerage passengers had been enjoying a party in the communal third class areas. A rat scuttled across the floor, sending the party into excited disarray. She and her cabin mates later went to bed when a man with whom they were acquainted aboard rapped their door, telling them to get up as something was amiss with the ship. The four girls dressed and headed out to the upper decks but found their way to the lifeboats impeded by crewmen blocking their way and being determined to keep the steerage passengers in their place. When trying to pass through one barrier a crewman halted her but the intervention of James Farrell, who threatened the offending crewman with a punch if he didn't let the women through, perhaps helped save her life and she later referred to Farrell as her guardian angel. Kate eventually managed to get to a higher deck with the lifeboats tantalisingly close in sight, but she couldn't find her way any further. A man close by offered her a lift up on his shoulders, which she gratefully accepted, and she climbed over the railing to the boat deck. Spying a boat close by she made for it but a crewman again held her back, telling her it was full. Crying out that her sister was in the boat, the crewman relented and let her pass. In years later, Kate recounted that the magnitude of the disaster unfolding at the time escaped her and she naïvely thought that this was the regular way to make it to America.
Kate eventually arrived in the USA and was reunited with her sister Mollie. To reassure her family back home that she was safe, Kate and Mollie had a portrait taken and posted to Ireland. She was eventually joined in America by another two siblings, Margaret (later Mrs Frank Murphy) and William. Her brother William died in 1917. Her sister Mollie (later Mrs Francis Vincent Boshell) died 12 October 1933.
Kate soon met her future husband, John Joseph Manning (b. 1893), a native of Co Roscommon who worked as a chauffeur. The two were later wed and produced three children: John (b. 1919), Catherine (b. 1921) and Eugene (b. 1927). The family lived in Queens, New York but Kate was widowed on 19 April 1955.
In later life Kate became a member of the "Titanic Enthusiasts of America," later the Titanic Historical Society, and she appeared on two television programs, To Tell The Truth and the Steve Allen Show and also recalled her experiences to Walter Lord when he was writing A Night to Remember, which told parts of her story. Her picture also appeared in a 1953 Life magazine account of the tragedy.
Kate Gilnagh Manning died on 1 March 1971 in Long Island City, New York aged 76 and was buried with her husband in Woodside Cemetery, Queens, New York.
- Birthdate as per her social security record but some sources claim she was born 29 October 1894. Kate would claim various ages throughout her life but her birth was registered in the first quarter of 1895 confirming her true age of 17 going on 18 when she was on Titanic although she would always claim to be at least a year younger.
References and Sources
Contract Ticket List, White Star Line 1912 (National Archives, New York; NRAN-21-SDNYCIVCAS-55)
List or Manifest of Alien Passengers for the United States Immigration Officer At Port Of Arrival (Date: 18th-19th June 1912, Ship: Carpathia) - National Archives, NWCTB 85 T715 Vol 4183
Robert L. Bracken (2000) Irish Titanic Passengers
Walter Lord (1976) A Night to Remember. London, Penguin. ISBN 0 14 004757 3
Senan Molony (1999) The Irish Aboard Titanic. Wolfhound Press, Dublin ISBN 0 86327 805 1
Noel Ray (1999) List of Passengers who Boarded RMS Titanic at Queenstown, April 11, 1912. The Irish Titanic Historical Society
Gavin Bell, UK
Michael A. Findlay, USA
Phillip Gowan, USA
Articles and Stories
|(1957)||TITANIC SURVIVORS FILMED INTERVIEWS|